the Self in Everyday Life and Social Validation

As certain components of the complex human body, humans experience a variety of traits such as self-esteem, social and general behaviors, moods, and emotions. The bulk of these are linked, however establishing the link in the relationship is a difficult and time-consuming task. From an intuitive standpoint, it may be true that self-esteem and feelings are deemed greater when accompanied by moods, an ideology developed from emotion theory. There are several techniques of determining how moods affect emotions. This article presents research from recent studies conducted on various individuals (Hume).With target being to show the correlation between self-esteem, behaviors, moods and emotions and how the relationship of one to another, in different perspectives (normal state and depressed)


Self-esteem is mostly one of the main behavioral aspects that keeps a person on their feet and plays a significant role in helping them fight their daily challenges. Emotions, on the other hand, are regarded to be feelings of high intensity regarding something or someone. They are short-term feelings and may just last seconds or few minutes. Examples of emotions include anger, happiness, sadness, fear, etc. Moods can be explained as result of emotions when the focus is lost about the reason for the emotion. They are long-term and can last for days, with their causes mostly unclear. Moods can result to people being emotionally unstable, i.e., the state of easily changing their emotions towards something or somebody. In this paper, the focus is directed to the relationships between mood and emotions and how they affect each other. The outcome will be a study undertaken on people’s moods and emotions.


The research involved 100 individuals, who applied freely to undertake the test online. It included both young people and middle-aged individuals with age brackets of between 20 and 45, with an equal number of male and female individuals. No persons with disabilities were involved to get random results, and it could be done regardless of the place since it was performed online. Episodes from available movies and TV shows were designed and edited to specifically spur certain types or states of emotions and also to check on individual self-esteem. The videos were posted to an online web portal and were to be watched in order. They were of two types, one neutral and one triggering sad emotional reaction. Participants were to watch the sad video, only after that were they able to watch the second video. After each video, there was information to be filled where the emotional state of the individual was to be determined.

The sad episode included scenes of people dying and revolved around grief and loss while the second one showed harmless, safe scenes, within a neutral context. The main aim of including both was to track the emotional reactions of the individuals.

An average individual would show feelings of sadness from the type of scenes displayed because of the emotions they would experience. Their self-esteem would also be largely affected by the images they are faced with. They would express their emotional state after the first episode has been played (evident from the data to be collected), and those emotions would be much weaker after watching the second episode which was a neutral scene.

On the other hand, an individual experiencing depression will, in turn, give responses or inputs that display withdrawal or lack of concentration.


It was recorded that about 15% of the participants recorded the threshold of depression, after the analysis of the data gathered from the input fields. The data collected depicted their emotional state variations. Even after watching the second, neutral video, the percentage (85%) regarded as normal still showed sadness, despite the fact that the second part was safe and neutral. The depressed part of the participants was showing no signs of any reaction to the two video clips played. The 15% of the data collected indicated low or no emotional reaction even after the first video clip was viewed.


Low self-esteem triggers an individual’s disbelief in themselves, dependence on others’ opinions of them and also indecisiveness. On the other hand, individuals who are emotionally balanced and whose self-confidence and self-esteem are positive can manage their moods much better (Rottenberg, 2005). Sad moods combined with the lack of desire to participate in activities done every day and persisting for a period of more than two weeks along with other symptoms including loss of appetite, loss of weight, guilt, fatigue, lack of sleep, withdrawal, etc. could deteriorate self-esteem. This is a state which is usually referred to as “depression”. Individuals who are highly depressed experience a very low rate of fluctuations in their emotions due to the moods they are experiencing (Rottenberg, 2005).

The percentage that was regarded as “depressed” reacted in the way explained because of the state they were in. The moods of depressed individuals are usually high, and this could be the reason for their reaction due to the difficulties they are currently experiencing (Chen, Jing, Hayes, & Lee, 2013). There could also be a possibility that the results were as a result of poor concentration and also that the engagement was low.

From the data collected, there is a distinct relationship between moods and emotions, self-esteem and general behavior. The results from the participants who are depressed have proved that there is a very high likelihood that depression and high moods such as sadness impairs an individual’s response to external factors and also lowers their self-esteem. Strong emotions and reactions to external factors might not always be facilitated by strong moods; this can be drawn from the research on the relationship between mood and emotion.It is clear that when an individual is experiencing feelings of sadness (depressed), it will overshadow and be present even in situations where the context is flat, and no one expects feelings of sadness to be present (Chen, Jing, Hayes, & Lee, 2013). Also that the lack of concentration and reaction leads to emotional reactions that are in line with the person’s current state. An example is that an individual who is already depressed is experiencing moments of sadness and this will only increase as he withdraws from other people and activities happening around them.


This document has presented a research done on behavioral aspects such as self-esteem, emotions and moods and the interrelationship between them, though it is a challenging task relating all the factors. It is clear that someone experiencing certain moods such as sadness, for more than two weeks is declared depressed when what he is experiencing is accompanied by other factors such as withdrawal, and that it is worse when they have a low self-esteem. This interferes with their reaction to external factors and how they respond to different situations (Rottenberg, 2005). Emotions can result to moody situations if not handled carefully, and also a moody individual has a volatile or withdrawn emotional state. It is, therefore, to be noted that when a person is experiencing fluctuations in emotions, it is a sign that they might be getting depressed and maybe it is time to look for help. It is worse when the situation has lowered their self-esteem. These affect a person’s social activities with others and the general community.


Chen, F., Jing, Y., Hayes, A., & Lee, J. (2013). Two concepts or two approaches? A bifactor analysis of psychological and subjective well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies.

Hume, D. (n.d.). Emotions and Moods.

Rottenberg, J. (2005). Mood and Emotion in Major Depression. Florida.

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