The impact of self-efficacy

The impact of self-efficacy and hope on work satisfaction

The impact of self-efficacy and hope on work satisfaction among correctional staff was the main topic of this article. The authors found a relationship between organizational commitment, stress, and work satisfaction for Taiwan prison officers and hope and self-efficacy. Stress, work satisfaction, and organizational commitment were the dependent variables in the research, while self-efficacy and hope were the explanatory variables. Additionally, additional factors like age, gender, and job history were added as controlled variables. (Law and Guo 1258). The study's results showed that hope was favorably correlated with work satisfaction using a sample of 133 correctional staff members from 24 Taiwan prison systems. There was found to be a substantial inverse relationship between hope and stress. (Law and Guo 161). Moreover, a positive correlation between job satisfaction level and organizational commitment was established. On the other hand, self-efficacy was positively related with individual's job satisfaction level and organizational commitment (Law and Guo 1272).

Quantitative and qualitative techniques in data collection and analysis

Based on the research goals, both quantitative and qualitative techniques should have been adopted in collection and analysis of the research data. To effectively establish the existing relationship between the study variables, qualitative data analysis could have been more appropriate. For instance, in establishing the relationship between self-efficacy, hope, and female correctional personnel's job satisfaction, it is important to consider other factors like work-life balance and the challenges female officers face in trying to improve their self-efficacy. Therefore, qualitative analysis of the findings could have been appropriate in revealing the actual relationship between the study variables. Furthermore, qualitative data collected using the Likert-type scale could have been analyzed better using descriptive statistics.

OLS and Pearson's Correlation results

The OLS and Pearson's Correlation results conformed to theory in explaining the association between the study variables. However, in my opinion, the results from OLS may not justify a significant correlation between the variables. This is because of the low R2 statistics that was 0.352, 0.295, and 0.58 for the three OLS estimates. The lower value of R2 indicates that only 35.2%, 29.55, and 58% of the total variations in independent variables were due to changes in the explanatory variables. Consequently, the study could have suffered from variable omission bias or overestimation. The F-statistic, on the other hand, was lower than the p-value, thereby indicating significant association between the study variables.

Strengths of data collection and analysis

The strengths of the data collection and analysis used in the research are that the authors used Likert-type questions to obtained scale data that not only ensured that validity of the information is maintained but also helped in data coding and quantitative analysis. Furthermore, quantitative research allowed the researchers to establish the reliability of the instruments. However, the inclusion of qualitative data analysis could have helped the authors capture other aspects of attitude and behavior in the control variables thereby ensuring plausibility of the research findings. Since there were differences regarding work experience, gender, age, and the type of correctional facility, stratified sampling could have been more appropriate in sample selection. In addition, the sample size could have been increased from 133 to 200 participants to reduce the effects variability of information collected.


In my view, results from the study explain the real correlation between the dependent variables (self-efficacy, hope, and stress, job satisfaction) and the explanatory variables (organizational commitment). Therefore, the study findings and recommendations can be used by to improve performance and productivity among Correctional personnel in Taiwan Prison system and other sectors.

Work Cited

Law, Fang Mei, and Gwo Jen Guo. "Correlation of Hope and Self-Efficacy With Job Satisfaction, Job Stress, and Organizational Commitment for Correctional Officers in the Taiwan Prison System." International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology 60.11 (2016): 1257-1277.

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