Infant vaccination

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The infant vaccine is more than a gamble because it is cost-effective, eliminates infections, and provides people with protection. Despite the controversy and problems associated with immunization, pediatric vaccination has dramatically increased infant wellbeing.
Is Infant Vaccination Worth the Risk?
An infant vaccination is a surgical procedure that protects children and babies from vaccine-preventable diseases such as polio, measles, and hepatitis. According to the annotated bibliography, the newborn vaccine is more of a gamble because it is cost-effective, eliminates infections, and provides immunity for those who are concerned about the conditions. The challenges characterizing the infant vaccination include a delay in immunization, vaccines’ side effects on the babies, and failure in administering the correct vaccine for particular diseases. However, the benefits of the infant vaccination are significant hence making it more than its risks. Therefore, this research proposal considers discussing how significantly an infant vaccination is more than risks. It further analyses the global controversies that have currently occurred concerning the child immunization.

Controversies about Infant Vaccination

Despite the benefits of the infant vaccination, there are several controversies regarding the infant vaccines administration. But these controversies are confounded. The debates occur mostly in the United States and other nations across the globe that implemented the rotavirus vaccine. Yih et al. (2014) explain that the major controversy is the constant delay in the vaccine administration for the infants. Some parents prefer individual shots for their children and babies to several shots that are anticipated to have severe effects. According to Wallace et al. (2014), the delay increases the rate of disease infection on the infants with weaker immunities. This leads to increased mortality rates as most parents cannot afford the emergency treatment of vaccine diseases. For example, in Gambia and Taiwan, delay in vaccine administration increased the speed of disease attack on infants and children who had not been vaccinated (Parashar et al., 2015). However, despite the delay, the vaccine significantly reduced the risks to diseases and prevented more mortality rates due to the presence of combination vaccinations.

The second controversy arises from the suspicion of the high chance of a link between the vaccines and higher rates of autism of measles or the preservative thimerosal. Yih et al. (2014) elaborate that the controversy has initiated several studies and research but final solutions find no relationship between the vaccines and increasing rate of autism. However, according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the administration of the vaccines hinders the anticipated casual association between the vaccine and autism, but it prevents autism from infecting the infants (Wallace et al., 2014). Based on the suspicion, many parents fear to have their children vaccinated as opposed to the physicians who encourage infants to be vaccinated by outlining the benefits of infant vaccination.

The third controversy regards morals and religion of individuals hindering the children from getting infant vaccination due to religious objections. The morals and religious objections reject vaccines such rotavirus against hepatitis, chickenpox, MMR, and rubella (Yih et al., 2014). But in response to these complaints, the Catholic Church legally issues statement relieving the parents and Catholic saints to deny the vaccines. This increases risks of the infants to diseases as they cannot be vaccinated against severe preventable diseases such as tetanus, polio, influenza. However, the US government considered the statement from the international conference of bishops as a barrier towards improved health for the infants. The government insisted that the American children must be vaccinated to prevent them and the future generations from diseases. Moreover, the public welcomed the states’ ideas of active infant immunization program since it is easily affordable (Wallace et al., 2014).In addition to providing the palliative care and Medicaid for the children who experienced severe effects during their early stages of vaccine administration.

References

Parashar, U. D., Cortese, M. M., Payne, D. C., Lopman, B., Yen, C., & Tate, J. E. (2015). Value of post-licensure data on benefits and risks of vaccination to inform vaccine policy: The example of rotavirus vaccines. American journal of preventive medicine, 49(6), S377-S382.

Wallace, A. S., Mantel, C., Mayers, G., Mansoor, O., Gindler, J. S., & Hyde, T. B. (2014). Experiences with provider and parental attitudes and practices regarding the administration of multiple injections during infant vaccination visits: lessons for vaccine introduction. Vaccine, 32(41), 5301-5310.

Yih, W. K., Lieu, T. A., Kulldorff, M., Martin, D., McMahill-Walraven, C. N., Platt, R., … & Nguyen, M. (2014). Intussusception risk after rotavirus vaccination in US infants. New England Journal of Medicine, 370(6), 503-512.

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