Racism is the hatred directed at someone of a certain race because they believe their race is superior to another’s (Bhattacharyya, Gargi, John Gabriel, and Stephen 78). Racism assumes that people are divided into distinct groups based on their social behaviors. Racism has been equated with ethnicity discrimination, according to reports from the United Nations convention on racial discrimination. Ethnic discrimination is defined as receiving less favorable treatment because one is of a different racial origin or nationality. Xenophobia, nativism, segregation, supremacies, and hierarchical ranking are some of the social actions that present racism. Since the colonial era, racism in America has been widespread. Privileges have been offered to white Americans. The black Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans have been denied opportunities. The white Americans in this colonial era were given privileges to education, own land, citizenship and land acquisition among others that the other groups did not enjoy (Bonilla-Silva 117). During this time the other groups were mainly slaves to the whites. In some degrees, the white went ahead to say that they would accept white tenants in their lands.
In the mid-twentieth century, the end of racism began. Reforms started to make sure that the non-European groups were treated equally. Some of the laws set aside to help at the end of the racism in American include, affirmative action in the United States of America. These are some law and regulations set aside to make sure racism is corrected and ended. The affirmative action was first introduced into the systems in the (1865-1877) era. President John F. Kennedy later became the first president to make sure that the affirmative action was implemented. He argued that it was the obligation of the government to promote equal opportunities to all qualified persons in the state, without regard to any race, origin or creed (Bonilla-Silva 121). Some of these groups include government-mandated, government sanctions and individual volunteers that make sure that the marginalized groups receive education and employment justly.
The affirmative action ensures that the discriminated groups including women, are trained and given more opportunities. The program have made a selection of the former group that had face discrimination and created opportunities for them. Some of these programs include higher institution creating voluntarily policies that ensure such groups have been recruited to the facilities. Another form of a program is the government giving orders to make sure that equal employment opportunities have been offered to everyone (Acuña 61). This has further been made possible by having programs such as the employee’s support groups, employee, and management groups and the outreach campaigns which ensure that equal opportunities have been given to all.
Even though the affirmative action is a great deal to ensure that women of the minority groups are treated equally, it has been rejected over time because its believed to focus on only one type of discriminated group. It is argued that the policy is outdated and does focus on any achievement. This action has been questioned because it fails to make it clear whether targeted group and discriminated groups can be divided into different categories. Even though the effort is challenged, it has made sure that women have been educated and also they have been given employment opportunity, and hence racial discrimination among the group has been reduced. The affirmative was later reviewed, and it looked up for the disabled people too. President Bill Clinton and President Lyndon B. Johnson were also some of the presidents who went ahead to support the action (Acuña 62). Affirmative actions should be encouraged in schools and employment.
Franco phobia which is manifested by the anti-French sentiments has gone to criticize the American government; this is because the company’s in America hired stereotypes in their company’s. They argued that the system was not fair to the French community because they only employed the European Americans. They have argued that this is a great aversion to the foreigners in America. In the world war two, they had collaborated with the Americans, and therefore after the war, they argued that they deserved to be treated as equals. They wanted equal opportunities, and more employment opportunities that were given to the Americans (Bonilla-Silva 123). To suppress their views, they started movements in different parts of the country, and it is by this action within the year that enabled them to have a better base of opportunity; this has allowed racism among the group to reduce notably over the years.
Constitutional color blindness is an aspect that has been used to argue the end of racism. Inherent blindness explains that color of the skin cannot be a determining factor of legal or political ground distinction (Kull and Andrew 123). It goes ahead to clarify that any law in the country is not color conscious but instead works on everybody. Therefore the law goes forward to offer remedies to racism in the American state. According to (Ullucci 533), it is hard to live in a country that is racist, and racism fail to be practiced. However, the constitution has gone ahead to defend this kind of negativity of discrimination by making sure the structure protects everyone. The structure is a fair system to all the citizens of a republic, and therefore, racism is gotten rid of. The constitution is not biased to people, instead, it gives justice to all; the constitutional colorblindness ensures that the marginalized groups are treated equally to the superior groups. Therefore inherent blindness is an excellent way to end racism.
Connection of collective humanity. This is the situation whereby films, curriculum, and workshops are set to educate people on the importance of living in a racist environment. Racism is believed to be found in our institutions and structures and therefore, by educating people on the need to end racism, it is easy to eradicate racism. These groups mostly aim at allowing educators teach and help people recognize why a racist free environment is essential and how they can achieve that. Very powerful and informative dialogues are used in creating a new understanding of racial information (Bonilla-Silva 123). They help them understand what kind of negativity comes with racism and also how people are affected. This can make someone who is racist realize what the marginalized group goes through. These types of workshops also focuses on offering healings and hope to the people who are discriminated (Pettus 49). Therefore, through the teaching of love, kindness, love and respect, racial discrimination can be forgotten forever.
Voting for leaders who make the end of racism a priority and option should be advocated. This can be achieved possibly by voting presidents of colors. For instance, it is well explained in the period when president Hussein Barrack Obama was president. During this time the black African American felt wanted and accepted in the community. This is because the president understood where they were coming from. He understood some of the challenges that the black people went through. This includes police brutality, lack of equal opportunities for the white Americans, and the killings of the black people. Therefore, with a president of the color, a more just and fair system might be created, and hence the levels of racism might be reduced (Acuña 64). Policies that give all Americans equal opportunities will be easier to implement. Therefore racism in America will be reduced.
Another way to ensure that this racism in America ends is through the national-level political channel. This can be made possible by having a senator who advocates for law that promote for the end of racism. This rule can have enforcement of the laws in schools, institutions, the judiciary, and the media. Laws that encompass equality among all groups should be set, and any breaker of these should be able to face some consequences and therefore this will lead to a better system and racism will be reduced. In police departments, where they use excessive force towards the black African Americans, there should be a legislation of national laws that monitor the behavior of the officers. When this is done, the police will have no option but to treat all the people in America equally. This will reduce the racism cases in the police departments. In America, the primary cause of racism is theft of land, labor, and denial of resources; therefore a movement for reparations for the descendants of the African-American should be established and compensations made to them. This will ensure that the racisms that are in creped in America have been gotten rid of. The beginning of everything is what matters, and this provides that things are made right.
With the famous phrase that says change starts with you, can be used to help reduce racism in America. Therefore the citizens should make it their obligation to make sure they learn about racism. They should make sure they are aware of how racism occurs in their areas of resident, and why it happens. By knowing how, they should then join anti-racism community peaceful protest and programs. By making this a personal obligation in ending racism, someone can donate time or money to programs that meant to support youths of color. They can also make sure they have mentored their kids to be citizens who are not racists. They can also educate them on the effects of being marginalized so that they can respect and treat all others equally, as it’s known charity begins at home, and therefore kids will grow up been non-racist.
Since people of color have been marginalized over the years in the political process, then the personal obligation can be useful in making sure that they support voter registration and polling in the neighborhood where people of color live while at the same time supporting post-prison programs. This will ensure that the African-American and Latino who are discriminated have an economic base and therefore will not participate in theft to be able to survive. Mentoring of white kids should be made a priority (Pettus 54). Communication with local and state agents on how to end racisms in local areas should be considered. Since local habitats know why racisms in the region occur, then this should be communicated and hence remedies to reduce the racism will be implemented and therefore in the long run racism will be reduced.
Racism can also be ended at an individual level, this can be done by listening, allying and validating with people who report personal and systematic racism. A large percent of people of color claims that the white American ignores to take issue such matters seriously. Thus, the white Americans should understand that as long as America is a racist community, then racism will always be experienced. Hence, they should stop defending the idea of post-racial community and ensure that trust and respect are part of their community. This will enable the racism in the country reduce.
Individuals should also be mindful of the commonalities that people share and be able to practice empathy. If injustices are allowed in our society, then peace can never prevail. Everyone should make it their business to fight for equality for everyone. The community is made up of groups, and this cannot be avoided at any cost. This should be a base point of ensuring that equal rights are advocated for. By having these kinds of personal approaches to situations of equality, racisms will be reduced because the community will embrace togetherness. Having the hard conversation about racism with oneself is also a factor that can reduce racism. If you scrutinize yourself and find out that you feel more aligned to specific ideas that discriminate particular groups, then that should be a start of choosing to abandon the thought and stop being racist.
In 2013, a movement called black lives matters was established. This campaign began on social media, and it was hyped up by the hash tag black lives matter. This movement started after the shooting of Trayvon Martin, who was an African-American teen. The campaign aims mainly at protesting against the killing of innocent African-American citizens (Rickford, Russell 25). This movement has some guiding principles which include globalism, empathy, justice, diversity, and intergenerational. Through this movement, discrimination among the black people has reduced significantly. The police brutality among the group has diminished, the police department through this campaign has been able to put strict laws on the police on the police officers who are found being racist (Acuña 64). Through such movements, racisms in America have been reduced. Therefore more movements that fight for marginalized groups should be encouraged.
In conclusion, the fight against racism began a long time ago, and so far many reforms have been put forward to make sure that all people are treated equally. A good environment should be created to make sure that everyone is appreciated and protected by the law equally. Change is inevitable, and therefore everyone should adopt the changes and accommodate everyone in the society. Leaders should protect the marginalized groups by putting and pushing laws that protect all individuals. Racism is like cancer, it eats and tears away the peace in the society. Sometime people find themselves in situations they did not want to be in. Education and teaching should be encouraged so that everyone is aware of the racism and the effects that come with it. Practicing all the factors that fight racism would be hard, or even close to impossible, but the most important are doing something because it is better than doing nothing at all. If most of these remedies are put into considerations, America could be made much great than it is Todays.
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Crenshaw, Kimberle. “Beyond racism and misogyny: Black feminism and 2 Live Crew.” Feminist social thought: A reader(1993): 245-263.
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Pettus, Katherine Irene. Felony disenfranchisement in America: Historical origins, institutional racism, and modern consequences. SUNY Press, 2013.
Rickford, Russell. “Black lives matter: Toward a modern practice of mass struggle.” New Labor Forum. Vol. 25. No. 1. Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications, 2016.