Among the six types of conflicts
Three are connected with the phenomenon of nationalism, and they are religious fervor, ethnic hatred, and ideology. The sources of international conflict based on the identity that is modeled by nationalism act as the linkage between internationally recognized statehood and citizenship. A nation includes a population that shares a common identity like language and culture.
Ethnic groups of people share a collective identity including culture, religion, language, or ancestors. They form the basis for nationalist sentiments, and they are closely tied to territorial control. Ethnic conflicts are faced with the pressure of redrawing borders by force. The battle is caused by longstanding historical strife, kinship group, group identity, and ethnocentrism. Education can overcome ethnic conflicts between hostile nations.
Religious strife is laid as the central and most visible division between people. Members of a country organize themselves around their different religious beliefs. Some conflict among themselves while others disagree with the government and the society.
Ideological battles are between the groups and the state. A revolutionary government may turn to the pursuit of interests of the nation above the ideological ones. Ideologies can help to mobilize a population to support a country in its international dealings.
In Europe, the primary driving factor of conflict is debated to be ethnicity. The ethnic conflict is likely to occur when there is a war between populations in countries which have different identities than in those with similar personalities (potts, Jacob, Audrey " Izzi 1).
Sub-national conflict in Europe
The sub-national conflict exists in parts of Central, Eastern, and southeastern Europe. It is caused by the presence of minority ethnic groups in areas dominated by other ethnic groups. The sources of conflict originate from this although bordering countries engage in territorial disputes as seen in the case of Turkey and Greece. The collapse of communism in Europe has led to the regressive and dangerous ethnic nationalism. The primary cause of the war is racial differences as well as language where the countries that have gaps in communication are the ones which conflict against one another. Variations in identity among nations cause more violent wars more constantly than material factors. Ethnic conflict in Europe has been catalyzed by disputes in natural resources such as water bodies (Maxwell " Rafael 303). Areas such as trade ports, rivers, and lakes are often the subjects of conflict which occur when there is barring, for example, a dam constructed upstream that could lead to loss of water to the people downriver.
A current conflict to be evaluated is between North Korea and the United States of America. Primarily, this is an international governmental type of conflict. North Korea has threatened to attack the United States territory with a nuclear bomb (Sebastian).
The conflict between North Korea and the United States
The battle between the two countries is based on the wars that existed a long time ago and propaganda teachings by the North Koreans to hate the Americans.
North Korea's determination and the United States' response
North Korea's determination to advance its nuclear program and its capability to attack the United States was evident when they launched the Pyongyang's sixth atomic test in September 2017. The North Korean president pushes for the attack with nuclear due to the fear for deposition by the powers from outside, perceived threats from rivalries inside North Korea, the unpredictable impact on the economy, and difficulty in controlling the flow of information, especially from foreign media channels. Some senior officials believe that it is essential to stop North Korea from attacking the continental United States with the nuclear missile. The United States is initiating a strategy based on maximum pressure where they are strengthening their military and convincing China to strangle the economy of North Korea. Conducting peaceful negotiations is the only approach to curb the conflict between the two countries.
Maxwell, John W., and Rafael Reuveny. “Resource Scarcity and Conflict in Developing Countries.” Journal of Peace Research 37.3 (2000): 301–322. 303.
Potts, Jacob C., Audrey Cleaver-Bartholomew, and Izzi Hughes. "Comparing the Roots of Conflict in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa." Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 8.04 (2016). http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=1390
Sebastian Kettley. “Why does North Korea hate the US? The conflict between the US and North Korea explained.’’ Express Newspaper/express daily 9.04(2017) https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/839006/North-Korea-news-why-hate-US-Kim-Jong-un-war-Donald-Trump-conflict-explained