Practical Employment Law.

The Control of Employment

The control of employment has been a key aspect of Australia's cultural and commercial character. This has created significant barriers for employers and opened doors to a rich and occasionally difficult area of law practice. Additionally, ensuring that employees are performing the tasks that are anticipated of them and adhering to the instructions provided by their employers is essential to a company's success or failure. Managing a worker who won't follow instructions is challenging for any company, so it's critical to be able to differentiate between instructions that are reasonable to expect employees to follow and those, which might be esteemed irrational. This paper looks at the legal and ethical obligation to employees to take order or direction from their employers in under Australian Employment Law. A characteristic element of an employment contract is the implicit obligation for an employee to comply with lawful and reasonable directives given by their employers.

The Complexity of Legal Guidance

It is enticing for legal practitioners to entertain themselves and each other in the complexities and vagaries of the law, there is less purpose to legal guidance, which can just be comprehended by different legal advisers. A large number of the resources presently accessible fall into this classification. The approach of this essay is to offer an in-depth and a detailed reference, outlined particularly for employers, to help explore the law encompassing employment relationship

Reasonable and Lawful Employers Directives

Every employee, including employee under Commonwealth, must follow to any 'legitimate and sensible directive issued by their employers. The extent of the custom-based law obligation to consent to legal and reasonable direction is discussed under employment law. Specifically, workers are obliged to comply an order that 'identifies with the subject of the employment which comprises no lawlessness and is rational. With regards to general social benefit, a to some degree more extensive test for the legitimacy of directives is probably going to apply. The rationality of the employer's directive will rely on the conditions of each individual case. At the point thinking about whether a directive is rational, the employer should contemplate the nature of the work that the worker does, the terms of the agreement of the employment, standard practices and the typical course of managing between the parties. A legitimate direction is ascertained and will be reliant on upon whether the directive of the employer needs the employee to contravene a State, Territory or Commonwealth law.

The Ability to Issue Directives

The ability to issue directives to employees can assume a critical part in building up a far-reaching administrative data handling structure. For instance, as indicated by Australian Law Reform Commission considers the control of unapproved access to Commonwealth data and communicates the view that, as a rule, this does not warrant criminal sanctions and in like a manner ought not to be a component of the prescribed general secrecy offense. In any case, Australian Government offices that hold vast databases of sensitive data could issue a directive to employee forbidding in inappropriate browsing. This would work notwithstanding other regulatory secrecy necessities, for instance, in reg 2.1 of the Public Service Regulations.

Legality of Directives

It ought to be noted, in any case, that an employee cannot be expected to comply with a directive from his/her employer if the order is unlawful, irrational, is outside the qualification capabilities, skill or ability of the employee.

Orders Regarding Off-Work Activities

Employers must be careful when giving orders to employees that may extend to or affect the individual or secluded obligation of the worker and which would not influence their tasks. Just in remarkable circumstance would it be viewed as rational for an employer to guide an employee how to act outside of the working environment and have the privilege to extend its supervision over the personal lives of employees. Taking into account this issue, the court will examine whether there is a major association between the employee employment and outside activity.

Conflict of Interest in Australia Employment Law

The genuine lawful position in Australia is that there is a basic legal obligation, in fact, a fair fiduciary obligation of good faith which is owned by a worker to an employer and a comparing lawful right which employers need to issue reasonable and lawful orders to employees concerning the working relationship. The issue whether an employee has a relevant conflict of interest which is a is a conforming with the laws is a point of interest to the employer. This issue is routinely managed as an issue for both the employee and the employer . This penchant emerges from the regular sense of a few employers to exaggerate the employers' rights to meddle in the private lives of workers as against the equally normal however equally wrong perspective of employees who frequently trust that what they do voluntarily is their business.

Behavior Contradictory to Employee Obligations

Behavior which in regard to critical issues is incongruent with the satisfaction of a employee obligation, or comprises an opposition, or conflict between the employee interest and his obligation to the employer, or blocks the loyal performance of the employee commitments, or is ruinous of the fundamental certainty between the employee and the employer, is a basis for dismissal. But the behavior of the employee must itself include the incompatibility, impediment or conflict or be damaging to confidence. A real repugnance between the employee's action and his/her relationship must be found. This is not sufficient grounds for uneasiness regarding its future conduct emerges.

Duties Imposed by the Obligation

Duties imposed by the obligation are not coterminous with the employees typical working hours: they oversee all the activities of the employee, at whatever point undertaken, which is within the circle of employer's business operations and which could tangibly impact on employers business interest . Regardless of whether specific activities could impact the employers business interest is an issue of actuality and degree.

Conflict of Interest Example: Motor Industry Case

Giving an example of the conflict of interest of between the employee and an employer is the case of Motor Industry issue where the employer was an entrepreneur in of spraying-painting and panel-beating vehicles . In the year 2008, the employer began encountering money related difficulties and, in a bid to avoid job losses and expand its business; it started a promotional crusade. As a feature of the campaign, the worker was told to physically go to the workplace of the assessors and fleet organizations with a specific end goal to advance the matter of the [company] and to secure work. The employee outrightly declined to follow this directive. Despite the fact that there was no agreement of work in place, the worker insisted that the distribution of pamphlets to assessors and company customers did not shape an aspect of his responsibilities description. In addition, the employee contended that the order the employer gave directions that amounted to a one-sided amendment of the terms and condition of his work. Before he was issued with the final letter of warning and a disciplinary hearing was heard, the employee was laid down. The employee will further refer the dispute to the Motor Industry Bargaining Council (MIBCO) where the same application was not considered. The Labor Court maintained that the verdict of MIBCO was fair and found and ruled in favor of the employee. The worker held on in his case and proceeded to appeal to the Labor Appeal Court. For the benefit of the worker, it was presented that he was entitled to decline to comply with an unlawful and irrational direction given to the employee by the employer. Legitimate in this setting is, for the most part, thought to be whether there was a sound, faultless or a legitimate reason for dismissal. In addition, in considering whether a reason is legitimate, the prerequisite ought to be connected in the practical sphere of the connection between an employee and an employee where every ha rights, benefits, obligations, and commitments presented and forced on them. That is, the arrangements must be connected in a humane and common sense approach to guarantee that the employee and an employer are each treated equally.

Standing Down Employees

In Australian employers has no common law right to have a stand down a worker or workers without pay amid a period in which they cannot be usefully employed. The legal position in Australia, nonetheless, is something else. Sec 542 of the Fair Work Act 2009 offers that an employer may authorize a stand down without a salary. Where (a) an employee can't be conveniently utilized given industrial action, a breakdown of equipment or machinery, or a stoppage of work, and (b) the employer cannot rationally be considered accountable for a stoppage. Subsequently, for a legal stand down to be authentic it must be for whatever length of time that the term that a worker cannot be usefully employed for one of the above reasons and, if tested, a business will have the onus of building up the causal association. In any case, the Act additionally provides that if there is a stand-down arrangement in an agreement of enterprise or employment contract, at that point the employer rights are dictated by that instrument and not the Act. Appropriately, most sophisticated employers incorporate stand down arrangements in their venture or contract to give greater adaptability about the conditions in which they can legally stand down workers. In a few enterprises, this has significantly affected efficiency and labor costs.


It is in some cases very hard to distinguish between a lawful and a demotion and rational directive by an employer to an employee to undertake obligations which may be viewed by the employee as a downgrade. It is always included in each employment contract of service that an employer has the privilege to issue legal and rational orders which an employee must comply. On the off chance that the employee declines to comply, the employer may have the basis to dismiss that particular employee. The key words to this argument are reasonable and lawful. What constitutes a rational and lawful direction will, obviously, rely on the specific conditions, frequently practice and custom and the terms of the agreement of the service itself. For instance, an order by an employer to an employee such that consequently the worker must report to work at the work place not as the same time he or she used to might not be seen by the employee as a negative result. Much may rely on whether the new work environment is nearer to the employee home. The commitment to the employee to go along will rely on whether the guideline is legal and reasonable. On the off chance that the response to that inquiry is yes, at that point the employee has no alternative yet to either acknowledge the position and attempt to negotiate an alternative result or resign.


"Australia: Employment Law." 2010. Commonwealth Law Bulletin 36 (1): 137-163. doi:10.1080/03050710903573530.

Guth, Jessica. 2013. "Simon Deakin And Gillian S. Morris, Labour Law Astra Emir, Selwyn's Law Of Employment Richard Painter And Ann Holmes, Cases & Materials On Employment Law Simon Honeyball, Honeyball & Bowers' Textbook On Employment Law Malcolm Sargeant And David Lewis, Employment Law Brian Willey, Employment Law In Context". The Law Teacher 47 (1): 112-116. doi:10.1080/03069400.2013.764741.

Macken, James Joseph, and James Joseph Macken. 2002. The Law Of Employment. Sydney: Lawbook Co.

MacLeod, W. Bentley, and Voraprapa Nakavachara. 2007. "Can Wrongful Discharge Law Enhance Employment?*". The Economic Journal 117 (521): F218-F278. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0297.2007.02056.x.

Price, Rohan, and Jennifer Neilsen. 2009. Employment Law In Principle. Sydney: Lawbook Co.

Report Of An Inquiry Into A Complaint By Mr. Frank Ottaviano Of Discrimination In Employment On The Basis Of Criminal Record Against South Australia Police (State Of South Australia). 2007. Sydney: Human Rights & Equal Opportunity Commission.

Sappideen, C, J. J Macken, Paul O'Grady, Joellen Riley, and Belinda Smith. n.d. Macken's Law Of Employment.

Taylor, Ewan. 1991. The Manager's Guide To Employment Law And Practice In Australia. Melbourne, Vic.: Business Library.


Deadline is approaching?

Wait no more. Let us write you an essay from scratch

Receive Paper In 3 Hours
Calculate the Price
275 words
First order 15%
Total Price:
$38.07 $38.07
Calculating ellipsis
Hire an expert
This discount is valid only for orders of new customer and with the total more than 25$
This sample could have been used by your fellow student... Get your own unique essay on any topic and submit it by the deadline.

Find Out the Cost of Your Paper

Get Price