The Nuclear Proliferation Treaty

According to its Statute, the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) goals are to try to hasten and develop the beneficence of nuclear vitality to peace, prosperity, and success all over the world, and to ensure. A Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Atomic Weapons was held in 2010. This underlined that the IAEA is the capable expert in charge of confirming and ensuring States parties' compliance with their safeguards agreements. The IAEA has continued to serve in that capacity, implementing safeguards and reaching safe findings.
The IAEA typically has sessions every five years (Howard, 1970). Every one of the individuals in the gatherings know it requires all non-atomic weapon States gathering there to adhere to the Treaty to acknowledge safeguard, as put forward in a consent to be arranged and finished up with IAEA as per the IAEA. As far as concerns its, IAEA has a relating right and commitment to guarantee that safeguards are connected on all such material for the elite motivation behind checking that such material is not redirected to atomic weapons or other atomic unstable gadgets ("IAEA and NPT | IAEA", 2017).

The United States was the pioneer of the organization. The United States tried the initial atomic gadget at Alamogordo, New Mexico in the late spring of 1945. Throughout the following over 65 years, the universal community has battled with a fundamental predicament: how to limit the atom's dangerous impacts while bridling its boundless potential for moderate utilization.

The soonest endeavors to address this situation accomplished nearly nothing. The 1946 U.S.- supported Baruch Plan tried to prohibit atomic weapons and internationalize the utilization of atomic vitality. It fizzled, and by 1952, three states had atomic weapons. The 1950s and mid 1960s saw U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace campaign, the making of the International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA), the improvement of IAEA safeguards, and the extension of the peaceful utilization of atomic vitality. In any case, two more nations detonated atomic gadgets by 1964, and concern increased that the widespread of atomic innovation for peaceful reasons could not be separated from the multiplication of atomic weapons (Popp, Horovitz, & Wenger, n.d.).

Following quite a while of resistance with its NPT safeguard commitments, in January 2003, North Korea reported its expectation to pull back from the NPT. In September 2005, in the Joint Statement of the Six-Party negotiations, North Korea focused on deserting every atomic weapon and existing atomic projects and to return, at an early date, to the NPT and to IAEA safeguards. North Korea has not regarded its duties and presently confronts authorizes under two UN Security Council Resolutions for its reported atomic tests in 2006 and 2009. The complete usage of the Joint Statement is still the center goal of the Six Party Talks.

For a long time, Iran has led unreported atomic exercises, inclusive of enrichment. In 2005, the IAEA discovered Iran in resistance as per Article XII.C. of the Agency's Statute due to its inability to conform to its NPT-commanded safeguards assention. Since 2005, the UN Security Council has passed five resolutions, three of which are lawfully authoritative, approaching Iran to suspend its advancement related exercises and substantial water-related ventures and forcing sanctions on Iran for its absence of consistence (Obama, 2009).

Immediately after the 1990-1991 Gulf War, the global community discovered that, in spite of the utilization of safeguards, Iraq had a highly developed atomic weapons program. Worldwide endeavors destroyed that program, and Iraq today has effectively reintegrated into the nuclear non-proliferation era.


When the 2010 Review Conference occurred, it was responsible for reaffirming that IAEA is the able expert in charge of checking and guaranteeing States gatherings' consistence with their protections understandings. IAEA has kept on working all things considered, executing safeguards and making safeguard determinations. Since 2010, safeguards have been fortified and their usage has additionally advanced with the end goal for IAEA to keep on fulfilling its order under article III of the Non-Proliferation Treaty.


Howard, M. (1970). Non-Proliferation Treaty: Framework for Nuclear Arms Control, Preventing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons and The Nuclear Future. International Affairs, 46(1), 129-130.

IAEA and NPT | IAEA. (2017). Retrieved 22 April 2017, from

Obama, B. (2009). The list of sites, locations, facilities, and activities declared to the International Atomic Energy Agency (1st ed.). Washington: U.S. G.P.O.

Popp, R., Horovitz, L., & Wenger, A. Negotiating the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (1st ed.).

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