Geographical Features (Man-Made and Natural)

Learning Objective: By the give up of the lesson, students will be able to identify and listing the various examples of geographical features on the land. Students will also be in a position to explain the existence of every named element and make quite a few sketches. They should also be in a position to distinguish between human-made and herbal features.
Applicable Common Core Learning Standard: 3.NF. 1. Students comprehend that the earth consists of thousands of geographical features. Formation of each feature is through a unique process, and all of them are useful to humankind.

Link with Prior Knowledge: During the previous lesson, the teacher had introduced the topic by quoting that features are the things that we can see, feel and touch. The teacher had also given the students an assignment to observe each every aspect of the environment and record in their diaries.

Key Vocabulary: Geographical features- these are features on the earth’s surface. They can either be human-made or natural. Examples include rivers, valleys, mountains, plateaus, oceans, hills, lakes, swamps, bridges, dams and roads.

Human-made features- these are features that came into existence due to man’s efforts and they include bridges, dams, and roads.

Natural features- Features that were made by God and cannot change. Examples include rivers, valleys, mountains, plateaus, oceans, hills, lakes and swamps.

Materials: Pencils, pen, eraser, Drawing papers, notebook, crayons, Manila paper, felt pen, masking tape.

Motivation: The teacher gets in class, greets students and writes the lesson topic on the board. He introduces a fun session where he asks every student to explain their weekend experience and the amazing things they had done. The teacher gives the students two sweets each and promises them that students who concentrate will receive additional sweets. The teacher proceeds to introduce the topic, and he asks regular questions like, “what is a geographical feature? Can you state any feature that you know and explain whether it is human-made or natural?” Students give answers, and the teacher congratulates them, “very good keep it up.”

Lesson Plan Procedures: As the lesson continues, the teacher allows every learner to answer questions. He also helps them to name some of the geographical features and also gives brief explanations of each feature listed. Two students share one manila paper and they have the opportunity to sketch both natural and man-made features. Each group is given time to show their drawings in front of the class. Students are so amazed and they keep applauding each other.

Medial Summary: The teacher challenges students by drawing four features on the board. A lake, swamp, hill, and a mountain. He calls upon some students to explain each feature. Some of the students are unable to differentiate between a hill and a mountain. The teacher makes everything clear by giving full descriptions and he urges learners to makes more drawings as he goes around checking.

Differentiated Instruction: The lesson advances and the teacher ask critical thinking questions like, “Do you think physical features are important and if yes, can you give one importance to a river?” The students seem to have a clear understanding of what they see in real-life. The teacher then explains the importance of geographical features in details.

Opportunities for Practice: The teacher ensures that every learner has listed at least six features both human-made and natural in their notebooks. He goes around checking and issues each student a manila paper to make their drawings. The teacher calls all students to stand near a window to observe the surrounding environment. The teacher then asks students to name any features they can see in the school environment.

Final Summary: the teacher writes short notes on the board and urges his students to copy. He then moves around to ensure that every student has copied. He finally collects all manila papers and notebooks for marking

Assessment: At the end of the lesson, the teacher asks random questions, and almost every student manages to answer. He calls some students in the front to explain whatever they have learned in the entire lesson. The last method of assessment is checking on the drawings given by students and also reviewing their notebooks.

Classroom Management: the teacher discusses the topic very well, and each student seems to understand since they think in all aspects and thoroughly lists features in the environment. Students conduct themselves well. Whenever they engage in a discussion, they maintain low tones. They also cooperate in making drawings and the paintings are amazing. The students give each other the opportunity to answer questions.

Attention to Multicultural Issues: Before the class started, the teacher had issued directions that no one should walk away with materials that do not belong to him/her. Students clean the class by picking any pieces of manila paper on the ground and put them in a dustbin.

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