The Field of Biological Anthropology
The scientific discipline concerned with the behavioural and biological aspects of the human being, the related non-human primates and the extinct hominid ancestors is known as biological anthropology. It can however be also known as physical anthropology which is made up of various fields such as: human genetics, human paleontology, evolutionary biology, comparative anatomy and physiology and the human behavioural biology. As a sub-field of anthropology, biology anthropology gives an overview of the systematic study of the human existence. It also brings all of these areas to bear our understanding and this is its uniqueness (Introduction To Physical Biology Anthropology web).
Human Diversity and Biology Anthropology
The biological anthropology is concerned with some of the main causes of human diversity in the modern world. Based on biological anthropology, it is clear that human behavior is rooted in biology rather than the culture of the people.
Evolutionary Theory by Darwin
According to Darwin, all the species of organisms arise and develop through a natural selection process of inherited variations that enhances the ability of an individual to survive and compete for the available resources. The selection process also allows for the organisms to reproduce and multiply. The theory of evolution by Darwin rotates around the development of life of an organism from birth to old age. The theory also highlights the evolution of the primates to modern human beings. The ideas by Darwin are, however, countered from a religious perspective (Watson 67).
Religious Perspective on Organism Origins
From a religious perspective, organisms originated from the Garden of Eden. It is from the Garden of Eden that God placed man and created a woman from his ribs. God asked man to multiply and feel the world. Based on these arguments, it is clear that unlike Darwin's theory that emphasizes the evolution of organisms based on natural selections, religion argues that organisms came from the Garden of Eden.
Intelligent Design and Creation Science
Both the creation science and intelligent design are both scientific and this is attributed to various facts. Intelligent design is a religious argument that mainly deals with the existence of God. Intelligent design is mainly pseudoscience and it states that certain features of the universe and living things are best explained by intelligent causes and hardly by processes such as natural selection (Hanken, James and Arthur 443). Creation science, on the other hand, is a branch of creationism that provides support for the Genesis creation narrative. The creation science provides an in-depth review of the Genesis creation myth and this is done in the mistaken idea that faith is hardly enough for the believers. It creates an illusion that science is entirely a faith-based system that tries to show the believers that their faith-based system is as valid as science.
"Introduction To Physical Biology Anthropology". YouTube. N.p., 2017. Web. 21 June 2017. Hanken, James, and W. Arthur. "Morphological Evolution". Evolution 40.2 (1986): 443. Web. Watson, James A. S. Evolution. Dinslaken: Anboco, 2016. Print.