One Advantage to a National Policy That Must Be Implemented By One Agency of the Federal Bureaucracy

A government program called the universal health care plan makes sure that all residents have access to health insurance. The national health care system is a federally funded initiative. One key benefit of this policy is its ability to support everyone's access to high-quality, reasonably-priced health care through a government bureaucracy agency. (Tsimtsiou, 2017). People without sufficient income and those who lose their employment frequently lack insurance coverage. However, once the national healthcare program is in place, no citizen will be left uninsured. As such, the universal health system serves the purpose of assuring quality well-being to all while at the same time reducing the high cost of care as those without insurance contribute through the remission of taxes. The federal government utilizes the revenue to cater for uninsured individuals and all residents as a whole.

One Disadvantage to a National Policy that Must Be Implemented by One Agency of the Federal Bureaucracy

Despite the universal health coverage being a relief to those in need, the major disadvantage it holds is reducing the quality of care and limiting the potential for medical innovations or discoveries. Over the years, the health sphere has seen significant breakthroughs leading to the progressive growth of associated industries and the health status of populations. However, the successful implementation of the universal coverage policy means that private companies may exit the medical insurance market due to limited profits (Santos, 2015). In this scenario, few channels that offer health care directly translate to reduced quality of care due to long waits before receiving services, limited access to specialist services and reduced physician-patient interaction time. Furthermore, since the government is in charge of the program, income from the taxes and continuous borrowing to operate the system may eventually prove to be unsustainable.

One Option to Maintain the Advantage of the National Policy Discussed Above

For efficient service provision using the universal health care system, factors such as the dynamic technological changes, related financial risks, and annual incomes must be put into consideration. New technological advancement offers a promise of positive change in the health sector. As such, to maintain the principal advantage of universal access to quality care to all people, the federal entity must develop a shared fund collection pool which spreads the financial burden across all citizens. Using this criterion, prepayments obtained through taxation and insurance policies will be readily available for dissemination to the people who require health services (Santos, 2015). Sustenance of the program relies on the consistent contribution of citizens through taxes and the effective utilization and disbursement of the revenue towards health services required by individuals.

One Option to Improve the Disadvantage of the National Policy Discussed Above

The challenge concerning the reduced quality of care due to poor resource management is improvable through the institution of regulations and practices that support the policy. The federal government can only realize improvement by streamlining the process of resource acquisition and subsequent distribution to clients in a transparent and accountable manner. Important actions include ethical allocation of public funds to health on the basis of need, identifying those in charge of resource management, the overseeing agency and other regulatory aspects (Tsimtsiou, 2017). In conclusion, appropriate management is the key to the successful implementation of the universal health care policy. The government must ensure adequate planning, transparency, accountability and continuous evaluation to ascertain whether or not the program performs its intended purposes.


Santos, L. (2015). Universal health care systems: Universal access or universal coverage? Journal of Business & Financial Affairs, 5, 158.

Tsimtsiou, Z. (2017). Primary health care and universal health coverage: Achieving health for all. Health and Primary Care, 1(1).

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