Immigration is basically the international movement of individuals to a country where they do not have or are not indigenous. Individuals move permanently to live, study or temporary jobs in such countries. Research shows that the reception and sending countries benefit from immigration. For example, it has positive effects on countries where the birth rate is low through the filling of the population gap. However, immigration can sometimes be a threat as it could bring infections and diseased from infected groups; also, some people entering a country increase the crime rate and terrorist activities.
From my perspective, immigration is a positive aspect; essentially, it is critical and natural to human beings. It is of the essence to recognize that even the early people moved to places with abundant natural resources such as water, food and temperate weathers. The constant quest for finding new and better places and resources serves as the greatest motivator of immigration. Additionally, there are benefits for both the countries that an individual is migrating into and from according to many studies. Arguably, immigration is crucial for the existence of humanity as no one country or group of people are good in everything (Kerr and William 144). It is, however, important to undertake lawful immigration to avoid breaking laws and getting in trouble in the new country.
Importance of Immigration
Evidently, to the country that one is migrating into, there are many benefits such as filling the population gap and availability of cheap labor with little social cost. Moreover, the nation can acquire high-level skills that may not be adequate locally, thereby promoting growth and development. On the other hand, to the country that a person is migrating from, they will utilize the knowledge acquired in case the migrants went for education purposes. Furthermore, the nation can invert the benefits accrued by the immigrant in their destination country, hence improving their economy (Davido 263). Therefore, migration has positive impacts on both the country they are migrating to and from ranging from economic to population stability.
Critics, however, argue that immigration leads to depression of wages in the host countries due to the presence of workers willing to work for low pay. As such, employers exploit immigrants and even ignore training, productivity, and innovation in their companies. Additionally, unemployment may arise if the number of migrants is not restricted; also, this may bring security issues depending on the people entering the country who might bring about crimes and violence. In the same way, the country of origin will experience economic disadvantages since it will lose young workers and highly trained personnel (Schachter and Max 249). Other adverse effects include social problems where children are left behind or grow without a family circle.
To respond to the above objection, every activity has its positive and negative impacts on any given society. However, the positive consequences of immigration outweigh the few setbacks that might result. Arguably, migration is natural to human beings in their quest for better places and resources. To minimize the adverse effects of immigration, countries should establish rules that must be followed by all interested individuals. Additionally, people should practice lawful immigration to avoid being in problems with the governments of the destination countries. It is, therefore, right to conclude that immigration is an essential part of human existence and beneficial and should be practiced correctly. Additionally, it brings people together culturally, enabling people to mix and integrate.
Davido, Eldad, et al. “Individual values, cultural embeddedness, and anti-immigration
sentiments: Explaining differences in the effect of values on attitudes toward immigration
across Europe.” Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 66
Kerr, Sari Pekkala, and William F. Lincoln. “Firms and the economics of skilled immigration.”
Innovation Policy and the Economy 15.1 (2015): 115-152.
Schachter, Ariela, and Max Besbris. “Immigration and Neighborhood Change: Methodological
Possibilities for Future Research.” City & Community 16.3 (2017): 244-251.