Kandhan karunai (1967) is a mythological movie directed by A.P. Nagarajan. The film covers the incidents experienced through Lord Murugan and his position in Hindu temple. The principal actors in the movie consist of Sivaji Ganesan, Sivukumar, Jayalalithaa, Asokan, K.B. Sundarambal and Manoramer among other players. The film offers insight into the way Hindus regarded the God of Tamils. Although it was for 1967 Indian viewers, the movie still appeals to modern Indians because its graphics, track and the role of god’s temples and religion portrayed in the movie.
The Hindu temple is colorful in the movie with beautiful ornate. The director uses glittery costumes, and sparkling earrings to represent the bright set of Hindu temple. It is both garish and cute with the army having gold boots. The colorful Indian costumes used by the characters in the temple are plenty. The presence of sparkly jewelry also portrays the incredible setting of the Hindu temple. The role of music Hindu temples comes out at the beginning of the film where K.B Sundarambal sings a devotional song to Lord Murugan. Besides the graphics and colors in the movie, music also brings out the theme of culture and religion in the traditional Indian community. The music used by the director is a piece done by KV Mahadevan, who won a National Award. The songs in the film act as a highlight of the themes. It has beautiful vocals done by Susheela and other Indian singers. The theme of religion and supers indirectly shows the role of the temples in the film. K.B. Sundarambal introduces the story demons to show why demons dominated in India. The presence of demons demonstrates the role of religion in the Indian society. The graphics and paintings used in the film to shows the gods also show the demons. The theme of belief in gods in the movie is clear since the characters call for the help of gods. The Demon King Surapadman terrorizes people in the film and cannot die. His people receive a boon from Lord Shiva. However, they seek intervention from their gods and who acts as protection in the film. Most of the action in the video happens outside the temple with women characters. There is an explanation of the position of a woman in Indian society. The description of marriage sounds patronizing when the society puts pressure on Deivanai to remain faithful to his husband when Murugan goes ahead to find a second wife. The director of the film shows the underlying theme of a devoted wife which is an ideal factor in the modern Indian society. The position of a woman in marriage sounds reasonable to the intended audiences of the film, especially in 1967 during its release. The film looks stylish and beautiful. However, it differs from other Nagarajan films particularly the character of Lord Murugan. He has outgrown arrogance and mischievousness livened up in early scenes. Other the characters in the film play their roles perfectly well. Despite a lesser role, Sivaji Ganesan appears as a star at the end of the movie.In conclusion, Kandhan Karunai (1967) portrays few concepts of the Indian temple than other films directed by A.P. Nagarajan. The film scenes bring out the theme of obedience in women. Women characters take subordinate positions. The story of demons creates a further insight into the role of the temple in the film. Thiruvilaiyadal (1965)Thiruvilaiyadal is arguably one of the most popular Indian movies. A.P. Nagarajan directed and produced the mythological video in 1965. The cast of the play is Sivaji Ganesan, Savithri, R Muthuraman, Balaiyah and Manorma. The film portrays four stories showing Lord Shiva’s grace and how he helps his devotees. Genessan takes the role of Lord Shiva while Savithri describes Goddess Parvathi. It begins as Shiva Sivaji receives praises from his followers including Parvathi, his wife. The movie uses graphics from the Hindu temple and palace to bring out the four mythological stories. Thiruvilaiyadal is an icon and mode of Indian society. It was filmed at the period when India lacked the modern technology found in the rest of the world. The director of the work, Nagarajan produced the film based on the idea of the Hindu temples. The palace and temple are full of riches such as gold. The first episode shows the King of Pandya land Muthuraman announcing a flattering amount of gold to followers as a reward for anyone who can solve his puzzle about the scent of a woman’s hair. A poverty-stricken poet, Nagesh prays to a god who usually solved his problems. Viewers of this film can identify with the Hindu temple through the visual elements and props used in the actions. The film creates a mythological mood through its outstanding graphics. The color is vibrant and portrays the colorful culture in the Indian temple. Its pageantry and iconography are familiar elements of a devotional film showing Hindu temple. The film depicts the relationship with God as more personal and direct than other religions. The theme of faith comes out through the presence of Hindu temple in the film and role of devotional singers in the Indian society. The fourth and last episode brings out the role of music in Hindu temples. Baanapathrar is a temple singer. His responsibility is to sing devotional songs in the temple where worshipers visit to conduct prayers. The King chooses him as his best singer to compete with a Carnatic singer Hemanatha Bhagavathar. Carnatic music was also sung in Hindu temples and Indian cultural functions. Nagarajan uses music throughout the film to bring out the mood and concept of Hindu culture. There is beauty in the melody of the scenes created by K.V. Mahadeven’s music. Each song is important in enhancing the themes in Thiruvilaiyadal. For instance, “Oru Naal Pothuma” stands out as a devotional song in the India. Another song “Isai Tamil Nee Seitha Arum Saadhanai” is a gem, TR Mahalingam sings this song while staring in the movie as one of the people devoted to Lord Shiva. The songs used in the film create the mythological mood.In general, Thiruvilaiyadal graphics and colors that portray the reality in Indian society. Hindu temple presented in the movie has singers who performed devotional songs. The films bring out the theme of religion in Indian society through scenes where characters prayed to Gods. Each the songs, the film have the element of beauty, gold, and graphics that gives it its real meaning as a mythological story. The three stories are more engaging with the help of dialogue between the characters.
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