The value of federal requirements for local mitigation strategies has been emphasized by Berke & Smith (2014, p.1-15). This was put in motion early enough in the local sector to define any local initiatives. In the long run, certain positive actions can be quickly adapted to minimize the danger and potential damages from disasters, as Adams points out (2015, p.12-18). For eg, planning an alliance to secure vital infrastructure that can, among other issues, assist the entire nation against terrorism. The following are some of the reasons why providing a federal requirement for local mitigation plans is important: Firstly, it makes it easier to make identification of local policies and actions that can be implemented to reduce problems of terrorism. This can only be done through partnership that is effective. To make it so effective, its members should have respect, collaboration and cooperation among them as indicated by Lee (2015, p.21-30). Through this good critical infrastructure partnership self reliance will be promoted among the members of that particular community which has got federal standard.
Secondly, it helps to increase education on threats and hazards as well as risks. The health hazards are some of the risks that may occur in the society which need to be planned earlier for them to be avoided in the future as described by Berke & Smith (2015, p.5-15). There are different types of the natural, technological or man-made that risks can impact the locals. The people of the local community should receive a maximum education on these threats and hazards as well as their risks as a way federal standard so as to help the community in future.
Thirdly, to identify actions for risks reductions that are agreed upon by stake holders and the public. When there are more risks in the localality, the members of the public and the stake holders have to look for the solutions that can be used to reduce the risks that are agreed upon by those who are involved as described by Brody (2017, p.44-67). The legal actions should be taken by the stakeholders who found these solutions to the predicted risks so as to become effective for the future avoidance of these concerns. They will also assist to demonstrate a deliberative planning process that involves stakeholders with the data and expertise needed to develop the plan, with responsibility or authority to implement hazard mitigation activities, and who will be most affected by the plan’s outcomes.
Fourthly, to align risk reductions with other communities objectives as shown by Lee (2014, p.20-24). These are things that are aimed or goals that are to be achieved in the near future. Considering the risk that should be reduced in the future, they are being aligned together with community objectives so as to be achieved well. For instance, one of the community objectives may be to have well maintained infrastructure within five years, meaning the infrastructure will assist in reducing the risk in future for that particular society such as terrorism.
Fifthly, it promotes facilitation of good health care by creating more health facilities in the locality. Ensuring a resilient healthcare and public health system capable of withstanding disruption and poised to protect lives and health during emergencies is important for the Nation’s safety and security. Through this policy the diseases that attack most of the people shall have been prevented earlier enough to avoid future risks.
Lastly, it both gives the local members the knowledge of food security, good transportation network by constructing good roads, building food storages to keep food for future so as to avoid calamities such as hunger among others (Lyles, 2017, p. 89-99). The well constructed road always reduces the cases of accidents during transportation by the local people. Furthermore, technology is also important at the locality because it makes the work that could have involved any risk easy to reduce.
Lyles, Ward, Philip Berke, and Gavin Smith. “A comparison of local hazard mitigation plan quality in six states, USA.” Landscape and urban planning 122 (2014): 89-99.
Smith, Gavin, Ward Lyles, and Philip Berke. “The Role of the State in Building Local Capacity and Commitment for Hazard Mitigation Planning.” International Journal of Mass Emergencies & Disasters 31.2 (2013).