Factors affecting African American male adolescents in and out of jail

I. Introductory paragraph

A. My name is __________________, and I'd like to speak with you about factors affecting African American male adolescents both in and out of jail. The goal of this study is to figure out what causes recidivism among Black American male minors.

B. To get us started, I'd like to know your background, education, hobbies and interests, as well as any notable childhood events. Please tell me a little bit about yourself.

C. What are your thoughts on the social justice system and its evolution over the last 20 years?

D. I would like to know about the experiences that people have in incarceration institutions. For instance, I am interested in understanding the role race and classism (Patton, 2015).

II Body

A. Thoughts Regarding the Social Justice System

1. Statistical information shows that more than 50% of African American people in Georgia are reconvicted and committed to harsher punishments for recidivism (Buckner, 2011; Data reveals 10 states highes incarceration rates, 2017). What is the largest contributing factor to this occurrence?

a. Do you feel that recidivism could have its origin on the state of the economy for the convicts and their families (Rubin & Rubin, 2012)? Elaborate your response.

2 . Policy changes have been witnessed in the past 20 years with an aim of introducing rehabilitation for convicts and society re-introduction programs (Baglivio, 2016). The high rates of recidivism indicate that the programs are not as successful as expected. Could you share your thoughts on this issue?

B. Educational background

1. What was your highest grade of completion?

2. What ambitions did you have as a young school-going individual?

a. What are some of the most memorable moments in your schooling experience? I would like to know about those that you enjoyed and those with a negative impact (Jovchelovitch & Bauer, 2000).

3. Did you participate in extracurricular activities?

C. Personal Information

1. When was your first experience, if any, in criminal activity?

a. Have you been convicted more than once? Elaborate

2. Could you describe the relationship with your parents and siblings while growing up and in your adulthood? (Herrera & Stuewig, 2017).

a. please share your experiences regarding the time you served under state protection.

3. Do you think that the Georgia SB 440 program will have any impact on the African American males’ rate of recidivism? Elaborate.

4. Could you shed some light on the impact of parole and probation on the rate of recidivism?

a. Are there useful community programs that are helping ex-convicts to reintegrate successfully within their communities?

b. What could be done to make the failed rehabilitation programs successful?

D. Environment & Society

1. Did any male teach you the values of being a young man and how to survive the lawful way?

2. Growing up with a positive male figure, do you feel that your life would be different?

3 Do you think a mentor has a role to play in shaping the life of a young offender? Explain your answer (Herrera & Stuewig, 2017).

3. There is a perception among the employers that prevents them from giving ex-convicts jobs. How does this reality affect the rate of recidivism?

III Closing

Do you have any comments regarding how the government and the society should change in order to lower the rates of recidivism?

Please share your thoughts about anything or subject that you would like to discuss (Jacob & Furgeson, 2012).


Baglivio, M.T., Wolff, K.T., DeLisi, M., Vaughn, M.G., & Piquero, A.R. (2016). Effortful control, negative emotionality, and juvenile recidivism: An empirical test of DeLisi and Vaughn’s temperament-based theory of antisocial behavior. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 27(3), 376-403.

Buckner, L. G. (2011). Recidivism Report December 2011 with fiscal year 2009 update. Retrieved from http://www.djj.state.ga.us/ResourceLibrary/_


Data reveals 10 states highes incarceration rates. (2017). Oath Inc. Retrieved from


Herrera, V.M., & Stuewig, J. (2017). Gender differences in pathways to delinquency: The impact of family relationships and adolescent depression. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, 3(2), 221-240.

Jacob, S. A., & Furgeson, S. P. (2012). Writing interview protocols and conducting interviews: Tips for students new to the field of qualitative research. The Qualitative Report, 17(42), 1–10. Retrieved from http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1718&context=tqr

Jovchelovitch, S., & Bauer, M. W. (2000). Narrative interviewing. In M. W. Bauer, & G. Gaskell, Qualitative Researching With Text, IMAge and Sound : a Practical Handbook (pp. 57-74). London, UK: SAGE.

Patton, M. Q. (2015). Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods: Integrating Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Rubin, H. J., & Rubin, I. S. (2012). Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

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