The word equality may sound plain, but it is a complicated definition with which people around the world must deal on a daily basis. In addition to this confusing definition, the term equality can be used in a number of ways depending on the principle being studied or also the condition in which the phrase is being used. We would continue to concentrate on various aspects that equity is perceived and practiced in today’s culture as a result of this research.
Equality may only be described as two or more conditions that have a normal presence, significance, or even a similar condition. This concept might appear easy to comprehend or even straightforward, but after the application of the idea to individuals then the perception gets to be much stickier. About the United States independence declaration, for instance, there is a preamble statement where they suggest that: “We should hold some truths of being self-evident, which all created men should be equal..” From this statement, it is evident that from the perception of the writers of the book, all citizens from the currently formed United States needed to be treated in an equal manner just like other citizens who lived with them (Coleman and James 78). The theoretical perspective of this statement is that the individuals living together should always access opportunities like owning and purchasing land, employment, equal society treatment and much more.
From an individual perspective, I have learned that during this period in the American Culture, the term “all men” was mainly used for every man and woman. However, it is not needed by every individual to have a well-advanced understanding of the history of America for one to distinguish the meaning of the statement from the independence declaration that the statement is not true. It is certain that some people remained equal within the society while the majority of women and the African Americans were never considered as being equal within the society especially to the people living within the middle white men class hence they were never provided with equal opportunities as others (Coleman and James 65). Such an example is coming from the “Statement of independence” is a clear demonstration of some simplified equality concepts of all individuals being regarded as equal in the society and how they formed complicated situations that did not work our as easy as the definition would suggest.
As an anecdote, we can view some three allies who always spent their precious time together. It was unfortunate that one of the friends was black and needed to be white like the other two (Coleman and James 56). One of them investigated on means to make his friend a white kid. He later found out about a town that was far away from where the sea could transform the color of the skin of every person who swam in it. Equality exists both in the positive as well as negative nature. As a positive sense, the term balance can be used in referring to various opportunities. However, the term “satisfactory opportunities” does not relate to “equal prospects.” This is because of the demands, as well as the needs of different people and their efforts, are not always similar (Coleman and James 78). People need varying forms of opportunities that they can use in developing their personality. As a result of this, Coleman and James (32) suggested that the real equality can be used in the identification of some suitable opportunities that people can use in becoming self-developed citizens. Barker on the other hand never talks about equality as an identical dealing. He assumes that an equal treatment can create some hindrances for the development of the talent of an individual. Barker offers an example for his argument where he says that every competitor can be arranged in a line that is in level at the beginning of where a race lies. With the guarantee of equal conditions in a state of Barker, people should begin from one level of development for the elaboration of the personality. This is because not every individual can use the best conditions offered to him. This means that, if each person is provided with some level recognition and status then this can result to incompatibility through the value of equality. On the other hand, the balance of a cynical nature refers to the absence of being discriminative through the religious life, race, wealth, and caste. This kind of discrimination can prevent one from developing his latent talent. For instance, equality can be used to refer to equal opportunities for every individual through the appointment into government positions regarding the qualification and merits of a person (Coleman and James 43). This kind of assignments basing on hereditary can base on equality. Discrimination can exist in various occasions irrespective of being a woman or a man despite the demands of the existence of equal opportunities through equality based on merit appointments. For instance, women are sometimes regarded as being better in job fields of the nursing sector while men, on the other hand, are perceived to be better in being police officers or even army officers. This form of appointments is never opposed to the equality principle.
Balance exists in various forms because it is a multidimensional notion. In the natural state, equality contains many types. From this research, I will endeavor to classify it into four distinct types. First, the natural balance is a state where protagonists suggest that all “men are born and should always exist freely and equally depending on their rights (Coleman and James 45).” According to the ancient Greece stoic philosophers like Polybius, this form of equality should exist in the Christian dimension. The second system of equality is the social justice. This kind of justice refers to the balance that exists between a man and a man from the social scope. This means that if there are no discrimination existing between a man and a man from the race, religious, power, wealth and birth grounds, then there is social equality. Barker suggests that social equality is the form of equality that exists in economic and cultural form. This kind of equality did not exist during the feudal and slavery period. However, the establishment of a capitalist culture resulted in the spread of social equality. The other form of equality is the legal equality which refers to the exposure of liberal democracy that gives an individual some particular focus towards the establishment of some legal equality dimensions in the 19th and 20th century. Legal equality can be used in referring to two different forms that are the equality before a law and the rights towards equal guard of the law.
Legal equality can, however, be divided into three separate categories like economic justice, individual justice and finally political equality. First, economic justice was regarded as an equivalent right towards wealth and income by bourgeois theorists. However, this kind of duties brings inequality instead of equality within the economic dimension (Coleman and James 34). This kind of duties can, however, bring some inequality instead of equality within the economy. Economic equality is the equality that exists in an economic zone which demonstrates that there is extended balance of prosperity. This means that there is the availability of more opportunities for wealth to all people. Individual justice, on the other hand, is the state where people can enjoy some equal social opportunities. Finally, political equality refers to some equal participational rights of every citizen to the process of forming a governmental organization. This kind of concept exists in an artificial form to citizens basing on their class, religion, and sex. Political equality can exist between the adult citizens where they can take part in an election. It can also refer to equal rights of petitioning against a government as well as equality in criticizing the activities of the government without distinguishing the sex, race, wealth or even birth of citizens.
Summing up, the fourth kind of equality is the universal equality that refers to the application of justice within an international community. If equivalent positions are recognized within the national countries despite their economic, military strength, then citizens can freely establish this form of justice. Personally, I consider that there should be equality of people, countries, and animals despite their sex, gender, origin, and state. This will assist in living freely within the world.
Coleman, James. “The concept of equality of educational opportunity.” Harvard Educational Review 38.1 (1968): 7-22.