Advantages of Scientific Management

Opportunities and Employment in the Management Field

There are many opportunities and employment available in the management field as a profession. The ability to oversee and make business decisions in an organization is referred to as management. Organization and productivity efficiency are management's main objectives. Since the 1900s, management has played a crucial role in organizations (Evans and Holmes 24). But at that time, the success of the directorate depended largely on how many people were employed there. Low productivity was caused by a single area of management being the focus. Great men like Fayol Taylor recognized the need to develop a science for managing better as a result. Taylor defined scientific management to be an approach to designing job skills set and supervision of workers that ensured the division of labor and increased efficiency depending on the individual's skills (Taylor 7).

Personal Narrative

The primary objective of the scientific strategy is to improve economic productivity in the organizations especially the output of the human resource. The concept of scientific management as explained by Taylor of in class. It has come through in a way to help me choose the career I want. I chose the field of scientific management after realizing that every organization will require a skilled professional with strategies that can improve the organization's performance to reach its height.My parents own a small IT firm. I have always been interested in the management of the business, especially regarding the labor productivity. The company employed forty-five to fifty employees, and I always felt that the full capacity of these workers was not fully utilized. The primary cause of the inefficiency is because the employees were majorly employed through referrals from friends and hardly on merit. In some cases, employees took on projects that they never had experience or knowledge on. Therefore, because of this concept on scientific management that I have learned in class, I will help my parents in the running of the organization. My primary goal will be to increase efficiency by ensuring adequate utilization of the human resource in the firm.

The Introduction of Scientific Management in Organizations

The old methods of running the organization have not achieved excellent results for the organization. The introduction of the scientific management in the company aims at improves the labor output and total efficiency in the organization. The scientific management will include incentives for the employees such as increased wages and promotions for exemplary employees. The aim of the incentives is to increase the labor productivity in the organization. To per the efficiency, there will be an improvement in the general working condition. For instance, the number of working hours will be reduced by eliminating overtime and better working conditions in the organization.

Scientific Management Principles

Success in an organization depends on how well the management and the employees relate. The initiative given by the workmanship is done with uniformity to ensure growth in all sectors in the organization. Each department should run using a specified science of job and the employees under the management should be given tasks which their skill set applies. Fredrick Taylor developed the principles in four ways that made the policy.

First Principle: Science or particular skill set for the employee to apply

First, develop a science or particular skill set for the employee to apply. It helps the employee to rate where the specific interests lie and their strong suites. The aim of this is to make sure that the worker can perform the particular task to the best of his ability in comparison to the old systems of work, which gave the employee duties sometimes at random. (Thompson 23)

Second Principle: Scientific selection of individuals for specific skill sets

Secondly, select scientifically a group of individuals who match the criteria of the skill sets required. It identifies the strongest and the best person for the job at hand. Training of this group is done to acquaint them with the exact expectation expected from them. It touches on the targets and initiatives given by the employees.

Third Principle: Cooperation with the workers

Third, cooperate with the workers to ensure that the assigned task is done in accordance with the principles designed. Cooperation by showing the employees what is required of them and sometimes taking them through. This develops the worker scientifically through the training and education ensuring that the employee delivers 100% productivity.

Fourth Principle: Equal division of work between employees and management

Fourth, ensure equal division of work between employees and each understands what is required of them and the division of labor between management and staff. The science of division of labor between employees and management to promotes the productivity of the firm.

Advantages of Scientific Management

There is Increase in Production. Scientific management is responsible for the increase in production in that the workmanship is divided according to its strengths and tasks. It offers facilities for specialization and division of labor among employees. The work result is significantly more than the normal conventional way of management. Decrease in inaccuracy due to the assignment of specific tasks to specially trained personnel. It provides the educated minds an aim of achieving a higher degree of excellence in the organization.Careful planning and time management eradicates delays and avoid the physical strain of the worker and hence worker protection. It helps the organization to know how to deal with extra time created after the planning process. Avoiding wastage contributes to the efficiency of workers to the organization and ensures better management of resources.It seeks to introduce instant decision-making. Decisions made in the organization sometimes can take a while but with the implementation of scientific management has reduced time taken to reach a decision.In this system of management, the employee stands to benefit as they are in a position to get higher wages depending on the skill set of a person. This eliminates industrial conflicts and unrest in the company. Furthermore, increase in earning lead to better standards of living of the workers, motivating them to be more productive.

Demerits of Scientific Management

Most people, however, are reluctant to adopt this system as it has several challenges. Some of the demerits are like; Cost implications are high to the organization in terms of resources used to train and develop the employee. Those resources have to be accounted for and the organization has to plan on how these resources will bring equal returns to the company.It is also very unsuitable for small firms due to the massive expenditure, and small enterprises cannot afford it. The response should be felt from the workers since success depends on the cooperation. If they fail to respond positively the organization will find a hard time streamlining its processes.

Works Cited

Evans, Christina and Leonard Holmes. Re-Tayloring management : Scientific Management a Century On. New York; London: Routledge, 2016. Print.

Taylor, Frederick Winslow. Scientific Management. New York: Routledge, 2013. Print.

Thompson, Clarence Bertrand. Scientific management : A Collection of the More Significant Articles Describing the Taylor System of Management. New York ; London: Sagwan Press, 2015. Print.


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