Bal Gangadhar Tilak, better known as Lokmanya, was an Indian nationalist, educator, and independence activist. The third member of the Lal Bal Pal triumvirate, he was a leader of the Indian independence movement. He was also known as the “father of Indian unrest” by the British. Here’s a brief history of the man and his influence on the Indian independence movement.
Lokmanya Tilak lived in a modest guest house, Sardar Griha. He was a friend of the Gandhi family and was a prominent leader of the Khilafat Movement. His family and many prominent political figures were pallbearers at his funeral. Mahatma Gandhi, who helped lead the Khilafat movement, praised Tilak and urged people to emulate his qualities.
Tilak’s ideas on gender relations did not necessarily translate into his politics. He opposed the age of consent bill, which raised the marriage age for girls from ten to twelve years old. His views on early marriage, meanwhile, were more moderate. He also opposed the 1891 Age of Consent bill. Tilak also opposed the abolition of untouchability. After the death of his brother in 1918, Tilak spoke out against the bill.
The birthplace of Lokmanya Tilak was the Bal Gangadhar Tilak family in Mumbai. He was an outstanding nationalist, educator, and journalist. He was also an advocate for women’s empowerment. He educated his daughters and did not marry until the age of sixteen. His ideas included grand celebrations for the Hindu festivals, and he even proposed a nationalist-themed birthday party for the emperor. The name Lokmanya Tilak was given to him to distinguish him from other prominent nationalists of the time.
During his time in prison, Tilak was accused of treason and deported to Mandalay, Burma, in 1908. While in jail, he received the news that his wife had died. He was depressed for the next six years, and died at the age of 37. However, his legacy will live on. If you are a fan of Lokmanya Tilak, then you should know more about this activist than you might have previously.
The arrest of Lokmanya Tilak was not an easy one. He was accused of sedition on three separate occasions. Each time, Tilak’s arrest was accompanied by a trial. The first trial was for a crime of inciting speech. He wrote an article stating that Shivaji murdered Afzal Khan. The British were forced to cut his trial short due to the momentum among the freedom fighters.
Tilak was a brilliant student and a Sanskrut scholar. He used to collect a pie for reciting a shloka, and in ancient times, one pie was equal to 16 annas, or one Rupee, or 100 paise. He eventually accumulated more than 200 pies, a princely sum in those days. His memory was so impressive that his teacher used to marvel at how he remembered so much information.
The centenary of Lokmanya Tilak’s death comes at a time when his ideas on various issues need to be remembered. His personality and leadership style reflect his ideas and beliefs, and his social activism was a strong weapon in the struggle against the British Raj. His political activism was a surprise to foreigners, who were shocked by his stance. But the words that Tilak used to express his ideas remain powerful today.
Despite his greatness, Lokmanya Tilak is largely forgotten in Mumbai. His memory has been distorted by successive Congress governments, which have lavished praise on the Nehru-Gandhi family. Many Ambedkarite writers and Communist historians portray Tilak as a Brahminical opponent of social reform. In 2013, Kancha Ilaiah wrote a fictionalized biography of Tilak called Untouchable God. The book barely challenged the assumptions that have been made about Tilak.
After becoming a journalist and teacher, Tilak turned to politics. His writing was critical of the British educational system and actively promoted the cause of national freedom. He later joined the Indian National Congress, which was divided into two factions due to Tilak’s Hindu beliefs. As a result, the Congress Party split. Tilak became one of the leading voices of the radical Hindu and secular revolution.
Tilak’s name means “one who is accepted by the people”. As the Father of the Indian National Movement, he was respected by the masses, but many did not recognize him as a leader. His noble activities and ideals were different from those of Mahatma Gandhi, which forced him to accept his views on certain issues. The name Lokmanya Tilak has a special significance in India today.