Theories of Success

Theories that outline success are beliefs used by members of the society to explain the which means of success. These approaches give a fair opinion on what may want to be termed as a success. Success could simply mean the potential of an individual being able to attain the set goals to the standards that are anticipated. The psychological and social settings have different definitions and views on success. This paper seeks to establish the variations and similarities of the two theories used in the definition of success. The paper further seeks to establish how these two principles relate to the personality of Jason in the novel of the Dark Matter.
The character Jason lives two types of lives. The novel starts with Jason being a family man who is responsible and caring. He takes care of his family and successfully provides for them without any problem until the story takes another direction. The character is kidnapped and taken to another type of life where he becomes a very industrious scientist, using his knowledge to make inventions that earn him a lot of respect and later help him to escape from hi tribulations (Johnson, p. 42). The two types of lives give different approaches that manifest the various parameters that can measure success. While using the psychological and the social approach there are various aspects of success outlined from the two types of life that the character lives in and the achievements that the character makes.

Jason in his adventures uses his scientific knowledge to solve the challenges that he and his friend Amanda’s face. These efforts are made in a bid to help the character and his friend to escape from where they had been captured. The desire to escape from their enemies pushes Jason to exploit his scientific skills to successfully move out of danger and ensure at he and his friend continued surviving despite the challenges that they faced; Jason finally succeeds to move out of danger when he arrives in Chicago. His success from this area can be explained by the use of the expectancy element of the psychological theory. The psychological theory implies that a person will be motivated to achieve the goals that he or she seeks to achieve as a result of the motivation hat they receive from achievement of the set goals that will result in very high rewards. The element of valence under the expectancy theory evaluates the value of the reward that a person seeks to achieve, for instance, Jason finds the success of his escape mission as the only way he can reach his desired outcomes of meeting his family that he loves so much.

The psychological theory of achievement states that the basic human needs need to be met before any other needs. The need to a chive success in acquiring basic needs becomes a crucial factor that drives people to work hard and sacrifice their efforts and mental skills to overcome challenges and achieve the desired outcomes (Maslow, p. 370). The use of personal skills and effort in pursuit of goals to achieve these goals is depicted by Jason’s creativity and innovation in their Journey escaping from their enemies. He exploits his scientific skills to help his friend and himself to escape danger; this could be in line with Abrahams Maslow’s hierarchy of physiological and safety needs. The theory explains that a person will strive hard to acquire basic needs such as food, water, and shelter to survive. The need for safety which also is under the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs explains the reason as to why a human being will find it necessary to strive and achieve safety before achieving other needs. Jason attempts and achieves these types of needs by being committed to working hard and achieves these needs.

Jason as a family man relied much on his family as a source of motivation in the success of providing for the needs of his family. Jason while with his family he provides for their basic needs while offering them with love and care as responsible family man. He gets motivation from his children ad wife whom he loves very much. According to the sociological theory motivating factors under the social theories to include the stability of one’s family background and the level of motivation that one receives from the people under him or her to pursue what he or she desires (Weiner, p. 568). As a family man, the character raises a stable family and succeeds in providing for all their needs from the physiological needs safety, love, and protecting his families’ self-esteem. Jason is very successful in providing the needs of his family which further builds his reputation and gains him the social status of being a responsible and caring father.

The conclude Jason performs more as a scientist because of the environment that he is preconditioned to. The environment that he is made to work under dictates him to work hard and sacrifice his energy and comfort to secure his survival and that of hi supportive friend Amanda. Jason can engage in more mental creativity and innovation to come up with solutions to the challenges that he faces in his escape mission. It is evident that a person performs more while striving to survive and cater for his or her most basic survival needs as compared to the other needs.

Works cited

Johnson, David. “Sci-fi/fantasy [Book Review].” Good Reading Aug 2016 (2016): 42.

Maslow, Abraham Harold. “A theory of human motivation.” Psychological review 50.4 (1943): 370.

Weiner, Bernard. “An attributional theory of achievement motivation and emotion.” Psychological review 92.4 (1985): 548.

Deadline is approaching?

Wait no more. Let us write you an essay from scratch

Receive Paper In 3 Hours
Calculate the Price
275 words
First order 10%
Total Price:
$10.99 $35.97
Calculating ellipsis
Hire an expert
This discount is valid only for orders of new customer and with the total more than 25$
This sample could have been used by your fellow student... Get your own unique essay on any topic and submit it by the deadline.

Find Out the Cost of Your Paper

Get Price