The formulation of policy and subsequent implementation of operational regulation

Long processes are involved in the creation of policy and the following implementation of operational regulation

To guarantee the best choice is made with regard to the adoption of certain issues, different parties are involved in this. The policy, which is treated as laws passed through delegation of power, is adopted to streamline operations in various industries. Nevertheless, policies and bylaws' implications in any state or company, according to Furedi (2008), cause people to become anxious about the policies' implementation. Policy responses reflect how policies and bylaws are received and are meant to start a shift in the environment. Policies and regulations ultimately affect the regular performance of various institutions in the society thus prompting reactions in response (Ward, Bagley, Lumby, Hamilton, Woods & Roberts, 2016). The essence of this paper is to policy response under the basic forms of organization in the society that is social, economic and political perspective.

Social Policy Response

A social policy responses concern policy that touches on the social welfare of the society resulting in changes in wealth distribution and provision of social amenities. The government owes a responsibility of care to the citizens and hence should put into place a necessary policy to enhance service delivery (Marmot, 2005). However, the citizens have a direct interest in the formulation of policies and how they would improve their standards of living. Policies that impact the social welfare of the society includes health policies, consumer goods policy, administrative policies, security policies and social services policies. The formulation and implementation of these policies must incorporate the perspective of the public or otherwise face critical criticism and jeopardy (Furedi, 2008). The engagement of the public through representative platform ensures that the views of the public are consistent with the desired changes and so the policies lined up for implementation.

Social policy responses aim at addressing the issues enacted by a policy implementation to enhance or critics the shortfalls of such policies. A social policy response acts as an objective reply to the effectiveness of a proposed policy (Furedi, 2008). For example, a policy proposing the restructuring the financial management of health directly concerns the interest of the public (Marmot, 2005). The burden of the making amends fall on the public, and their reactions are crucial. Nevertheless, the reactions and interest of the public regarding policies are channelled to the concerned parties and addressed by the media. Social policies responses are considered significant basing on the severity of the implications and the magnitude of opposition towards the policies adopted. Policy response initiates a process of review or even the formulation of counter policies to nullify the original one (Furedi, 2008).

Economic policy response

Economic policies are classified into a monetary and fiscal policy which are formulated to enhance the financial and economic performance of a state. Economic regulations act in liaison with the economic paradigm to spur the economic performance of a country. Economic policy response concerns the reaction of the public and enterprises regarding the effects of proposed policies and regulations (Söderström, 2002). Economic policies necessarily touch the heart of economy in various ways, and decision makers should consider the public perspective of the implication of policies. Although some policies target to spur economic growth, the timing of the implementation of the policies is vital as it could attract a negative response. Economic policies involve economic parameters such as taxation, employment, inflation and financial regulations (Aoki, 2003). The policies responses thus concern the grievance of the public regarding the burden bestowed upon them through the adoption of an economic policy.

It is critical to consider the materiality of economic policies response as it could result to severe implication on the economy if not well handled. The society is concerned with policies that could impact their productive engagement that is either employment (revenue source) or their expenditure. The responses regarding economic policies could hence lead to a review of the formulated policies for example proposed taxes on products could be revised to accommodate the needs of the public and also raise government revenue (Söderström, 2002). Nevertheless, the economic policies could as well result in conflicts surrounding the private sector and the public sector of the economy. The economic policy response thus aims to rectify the possible shortcomings of the policies and regulation and also strike out discrepancies that could wither the development of the economy (Söderström, 2002). The responses are channelled through respective sectors and authority bodies concerned with the policies and regulations.

Political Policy response

The political environment is a sensitive issue, and hence relevant policies and regulation are established to ensure political stability of a state. The political context is structured in line with the constitutional provisions although common policies could be necessary to ensure that a state engages responsibly in politics. The public is concerned with the influence of politicians’ engagement with each other and the general public. Political decisions impliedly impact all other society affairs hence highly prioritized to ensure a credible political environment (Ward et al., 2016). Political policies involve the regulations on political parties, campaigns, the voting process, public administration and running of government affairs. The formulation of political policies seeks to enhance democratic participation in the running of government and public service delivery (Furedi, 2008). The scrutiny of the political policies could result in policy response either in the form of criticism or even significant review of the policies.

Political policies responses are established through a reflective perception of the media as an independent institution. The Democratic administration is enhanced through the adoption of policies and regulation crediting desirable political reforms (Furedi, 2008). Nevertheless, the proposed changes in the form of policies and regulation should be consistent with the constitution which is the supreme law of the land. Political policies reforms, therefore, concern the review of the provision of the political policies and how they enhance the political environment of the country (Furedi, 2008). For example amendments to election laws may be formulated to enhance free and fair elections. The media on behalf of the public reviews the provision of the policies against the constitution provisions for democratic relations in a state (Ward et al., 2016). Establishing stable political environment is the core priority for formulation of policies and by-laws to ensure democratic political engagement.


The essence of policy response in the process of formulating policies is immense and cannot be overlooked. Policy responses provide an essential check on the policies and regulations regarding serving the proper purpose. The polishing and credible review of policies through policies responses ensure that formidable rules are established. The society system should be reinforced by the adoption of strong policies and regulations (Ward et al., 2016). It is hence imperative to emphasize the need for a policy response to ensure that the society system is established and run through the strong legal foundation. Policy response incorporates the cumulative analysis of auxiliary statutory provisions to ascertain their suitability and relevance to the concerned matter (Furedi, 2008).


Aoki, K. (2003). On the optimal monetary policy response to noisy indicators. Journal of monetary economics, 50(3), 501-523.

Furedi, F. (2008). Fear and Security: A Vulnerability‐led Policy Response. Social Policy & Administration, 42(6), 645-661.

Marmot, M. (2005). Social determinants of health inequalities. The Lancet, 365(9464), 1099-1104.

Söderström, U. (2002). Monetary policy with uncertain parameters. The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 104(1), 125-145.

Ward, S. C., Bagley, C., Lumby, J., Hamilton, T., Woods, P., & Roberts, A. (2016). What is ‘policy ‘and what is ‘policy response’? An illustrative study of the implementation of the Leadership Standards for Social Justice in Scotland. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 44(1), 43-56.

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