Cases of female abortions around the globe are growing. Social, technological, and political influences are fueling the scenario. Abortion, however, refers to the cessation of pregnancy by women. Moreover, Aiken et al. (398) clarify that when it becomes viable, it is the act of killing the embryo. Abortion is often carried out up to 25 weeks before the fetus forms. Pregnancy termination is either an involuntary or accidental miscarriage. Continuous abortion, though, refers to an induced form. Abortion has been permitted as a leading example in several developed nations and the United States, although many emerging countries do not allow and support abortion. According to MacFarlane et al. (157), this has brought the issues of unsafe and safe abortions among developed and developing nations. But unfortunately, abortion counts for more than 80,000 annual maternal deaths across the globe. The deaths occur due to various devices being used to conduct an abortion. The tools include sharpened devices, traditional methods, using illegalized chemicals and physical trauma. But with the advancement and use of technological innovation in the sector of medicine, there are contemporary methods currently being used. These include surgical and medical procedures. However, various states across the globe have distinct legality, religious and cultural prevalence and statuses of abortion. Moreover, Rosenberg (241) outlines that their ethical principles and termination of pregnancy also vary. For example, nations such as Britain and USA have heated politics within them that surround the concerns of abortions in the pro-choice and pro-life campaigns. These countries base their arguments that abortion should be legalized while another opposes. However, USA argues that many governments of the developed nations have made abortion legal. Contrary many several developing and underdeveloped states have not yet legalized abortion and fail to have control over everything being done by the medical professionals and personnel. In many medical institutions, childbirth complications and abortion are the vital leading factors for increased maternal deaths across the world. But Stephanie et al. (762) argue that with an advent of a 21st century, the increased maternal deaths have started to decline. The primary reason behind this is family planning education and increased use of medical contraceptives.Results and Discussion Considering induced abortion, a third of the pregnancies happening across the globe are currently unintended with a fifth of these pregnancies resulting in an induced abortion. Induced abortion refers to the physical removal of a fetus from the womb of a pregnant woman. MacFarlane et al. (157) outline that the gestation period is a key determining factor on what should be employed in conducting the abortion. As a result, induced abortion is considered elective or therapeutic. Therapeutic abortion is mainly performed by the medical professionals in an attempt to save the life of a patient. An elective abortion is performed based on the request of the pregnant mother and is majorly being conducted for the non-medical purposes. Rosenberg (241) elaborates that considering spontaneous abortion or commonly known as miscarriages, it is unintentional and usually occurs before 20th or the 24th week of pregnancy. However, several pregnancies are lost before the physicians became aware of the availability of the fetus or embryo within the uterus. This abortion mainly occurs from the vascular diseases, uterus abnormalities, chromosomal abnormalities, diabetes, and trauma. But the frequent causes of spontaneous abortion have been identified as the history of the abortion and age. But what are the causes of abortion? And should all the above-discussed types of abortions be banned? According to Shah et al. (48), abortions are mainly caused by economic concerns such as poverty and increased insufficient funding for the female. Several young women opt to conduct abortion citing an inability to take care of the young child after birth adequately. Moreover, female stigmatization has been contributing a lot for increase abortion among women. In developing and underdeveloped nations rape is the big reason why young ladies and women participate in aborting their children. Rosenberg (241) outlines that in African countries young girls get the opportunity to further their education after aborting the child. In Africa states when a young girl gets pregnant, she would end her education and get married off immediately. As a result, this ruins the chances of continuing her education. Based on this factor the essay affirms that all abortions should not be banned. There are two key methods for conducting an abortion. These include the surgical removal mechanism and use of the abortion contraceptives or pill. But the federal government has been supporting surgical removal by medical personnel as compared to the pills that have medical complications to the body of the patient. But Kathpalia (9) argues that the judiciary of the United States has been supporting the application of both the mechanisms since they all aim at achieving a common goal. But due to the need to save a life, the federal courts of the United States have been considering all types of abortion legal only when one intends to conduct illegal pregnancy with no valid reason. Krieger et al. (681) argue that such cases are doomed to imprisonment since an individual loses the life of the innocent child. Although the federal courts have been making abortions legal, the Republicans under current Trump’s administration consider the abortions to be banned. Their main reasons behind it are that abortions are characterized by complications such as excessive bleeding that may lead to death, the occurrence of the pelvic inflammatory disorders, excessive pain, and high likelihood of the uterus being punctured when performing surgical terminations. But Rowlands et al. (195) outline that the federal courts and other institutions maintain that not all abortions are banned but only a few like conducting an abortion to save a life, preventing an occurrence of disorders. The main reasons behind these factors are outlined belowAdvantages of Not Banning All AbortionsAccording to the federal courts and other institutions, abortion provides an opportunity for young women below age 21 years to continue pursuing their dreams in education (Kathpalia.10). The judiciary outlines that when a young lady is noticed to be pregnant, she must stop schooling to take care of the baby which should not be the case. Moreover, the courts have suggested an establishment of common schools for pregnant and non-pregnant students to avoid discrimination and stigmatization. Second, conducting abortion continues to assist women with the health disorders. Mothers with diseases like hypertension, sickle cell anemia, and heart disorders avoid critical medical complications that occur due to childbirth through the abortions. According to Rasch et al. (419), such medical complications are likely to cause maternal death. But the judiciary outlines that it must be the responsibility of the doctor to give such prescriptions lawfully. The third factor is that abortion helps in controlling the size of a family. For example, young motherhood continues to be avoided mainly through abortions. Kathpalia (10) elaborates that several young ladies choose to have abortions to prevent them from mother roles at early and tender ages. Moreover, mothers use abortion as a mechanism of reducing their number of children. They discuss whether they should give birth to the baby or not. However, Krieger et al. (680) argue that considering their desired number they decide to abort the child. But according to MacFarlane et al. (157), the federal court is against this act, and it may lead to life imprisonment. Despite other nations supporting the idea of banning all abortions, the rape victims have currently found solace from the federal courts since they can easily abort the child since they do not keep them due to psychological trauma that would associate with a child.Disadvantages of Banning All AbortionsDespite abortions being considered significant, banning all abortions may not seem pleasant since it indicates brutality on the unborn child since abortion is an act of killing, there would be the increase in infidelity among women. Aiken et al.(398) argue that Since abortion is a religious, medical, and social issue, it has been entrenched in various legal laws of the USA and other nations across the world. According to Stephanie et al. (762), abortion has more positive impacts on the life of women. Therefore, this research paper finds out that not all abortions should be banned.Works citedAiken, Abigail RA, et al. "Requests for abortion in Latin America related to concern about Zika virus exposure." New England Journal of Medicine 375.4 (2016): 396-398.Begun, Stephanie, et al. "Exploring US social work students’ sexual attitudes and abortion viewpoints." The Journal of Sex Research 54.6 (2017): 752-763.Grossman, Daniel, et al. "Change in abortion services after implementation of a restrictive law in Texas." Contraception90.5 (2014): 496-501.Kathpalia, S. K. "Acceptance of family planning methods by induced abortion seekers: An observational study over five years." medical journal armed forces india 72.1 (2016): 8-11.Krieger, Nancy, et al. "Reproductive justice and the pace of change: socioeconomic trends in US infant death rates by legal status of abortion, 1960–1980." American journal of public health 105.4 (2015): 680-682.MacFarlane, Katrina A., et al. "“It was as if society didn't want a woman to get an abortion”: a qualitative study in Istanbul, Turkey." Contraception 95.2 (2017): 154-160.Rasch, Vibeke, et al. "Unsafe abortion in rural Tanzania–the use of traditional medicine from a patient and a provider perspective." BMC pregnancy and childbirth 14.1 (2014): 419.Rosenberg, Gerald N. "The Surprising Resilience of State Opposition to Abortion: The Supreme Court, Federalism, and the Role of Intense Minorities in the US Politics System." . Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 34 (2014): 241.Rowlands, Sam, Kelly Cleland, and James Trussell. "More than one abortion." Abortion care. Cambridge: CUP (2014): 193-200.Shah, Iqbal H., Elisabeth Åhman, and Nuriye Ortayli. "Access to safe abortion: progress and challenges since the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD)." Contraception 90.6 (2014): S39-S48.
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