Scott’s Waverley

Most people agree that Scott's Waverley was the first historical novel in English. What are historical novels, and how do they vary from other types of books? What about Waverely makes it seem as though it requires its own subgenre? Is the novel Gone with the Wind historical fiction? The Last of the Mohicans, perhaps? Dick Moby? If not, explain why; if yes, describe.

A historical book is one that takes place in the past and depicts events that occurred in the distant past. This novel's location is typically important, and it makes an effort to portray the spiritual practices, social mores, and cultural traditions of the classical eras. The work of art might contain old factors or real matters that actually happened in reality. The historical stories are imaginary written works that both entertain and instruct the reader of real-life events. For example, A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens depicts the historical experiences of the French revolution. In addition, The Grave Robbers of England contributed to the development of historical themes. Moreover, a historical novel is made up of historical facts that recount past events into fictional narratives (Roe 56). The paper discusses how Waverely, Is Gone with the Wind, The Last of the Mohicans and Moby Dick are historical novels.

The main feature of the historical novel is the actual old context the book was written. Unlike other novels, the historical novel relies on the authentic recognition of community because they are set based on events that happened in the past (McCracken-Flesher 34). Moreover, the characters are presented in detail compared to the characters depicted in other novels like the romantic stories. Apart from this, these fictions also use realistic characters that depict the past encounters. The themes of this novel must be interpreted based on the historical time because the events affected the composition. Moreover, the plot also has to make sense of the significant issues. Thus, the novel structure is molded by the traditional influences. Finally, the conflict presented in the account must also reveal the theme, and the time displayed in the book (Keymer and Mee 44).

Waverley written by Sir Walter Scott is a historical novel, and it is regarded as the first fictional novel written in the western tradition. The author believed every human being was decent despite the different backgrounds(Keymer and Mee 43). The story was a series of stories developed by Walter Scott and was recognized as historic novels in all of European countries. The novel describes the influence of the 18th century during the enlightenment period (Kilmer and Mee 45).

In addition to this, Waverley is a narrative story because it presents records of the historical tale, medieval poetry, metanarrative, satire and romantic poetry. These references are located in the book because the author uses many literary allusions. Moreover, the novel is also seen as the classic fiction because it presents the controversy of its origin, Scottish past, and the Jacobite revolt of 1745. The book is also humorous because it presents the inter-textual jokes, the writer’s idealistic idealism, the speaker’s unbreakable nervousness over entertaining his readers create a romantic sensation in the readers(Keymer and Mee 46).

The background of Waverley consists of tales that were presented the veterans and the stories the author experienced as he traveled to Highlands where he experienced several clashes of cultures. Thus, the novel was set during the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745, which aimed at restoring the Stuart reign of Charles Edward Stuart in person (Keymer and Mee 47). For instance, a spirit of adventure motivated Edward to visit Donald Bean Lean, the great hall at Glennaquoich the home of Fergus MacIvor and Highland freebooter. These adventures exposed Edward to the patriarchal society, whereby the tribal chief and supporter celebrate together unified by bonds of kinship (Keymer and Mee 48).

Gone with the Wind written and adapted from Margaret Mitchell in 1936 is set in American South during the American Civil War and Reconstruction period. The novel displays how Scarlett O'Hara strives to get out of poverty (Ken 49). The story is a historical novel that highlights the theme of bildungsroman, which is a coming-of-age account. The fiction is a Southern plantation fabrication that presents slavery an African Americans theme that was considered controversial. Finally, the novel has a theme of survival where the characters presented come through catastrophes whole others fail to survive (Ken 49).

The setting in The Gone with the Wind consists of the plantation house known as Tara, and the home is set in in the middle of rolling green meadows including the red pastures. The residence and the working slaves is a representation of the region in Georgia in the mid- to late-1800s. The story started with the Civil War a time described as the Reconstruction period when the South was built. At the beginning of the novel, tradition, courtesy, and pride increase in the novel as the civil war begins(Ken 49). The setting the novel then shifts to Atlanta, and in this region, the conflict triggers the dissection of traditional femininity roles and control arrangements. After the South people lost the war, the slaves are freed, and this puts a stop to the life of slavery. On the other hand, the end of slavery contributed to the increase in internal conflicts, and the white men feared the black men. Finally, the setting in the story helps in depicting the historical events that occurred during the late-1800s (Ken 50).

In addition to this, The Gone with the Wind is both a romance and a reflection of events that occurred in the American South during the 1860s. The novel started in 1861 before the Civil War and it ends in 1871 after the end of democrats’ power in Georgia. Thus, the novel is a historical novel because it illustrates the fights of the Southern individuals who live during the Civil War period (Ken 51).

The characters in The Gone with the Wind are vividly explained to represent the Civil War period. For instance, Scarlett O’Hara who is the protagonist in the novel is described in detail. She is presented as a dark-haired, green-eyed young woman who struggled during the Civil War and Reconstruction. She is determined and this perception drives her to attain all her fulfillment. The determination shows itself through self-absorbed and sometimes backstabbing, decisions that contributed to the admiration of men in their neighborhood. Under threat of starvation and even death, Scarlett is determined to live and takes part in picking cotton together with managing her entire plantation. Lastly, she also takes part in forging a successful business, as well as killing a man (Ken 55).

The Last of the Mohicans written by James Cooper is a historical story set in the upper New York wilderness. The story takes place in Eastern Canada and in the New York State. The area was also called St.Lawernce Low Lands. The book also takes place in 1757 during the colonial wars. The fiction provides many details on the transportation Colonel Munro and Cora two daughters to Fort William Henry a secure destination. During the time when the novel was written, the Americans believed that people diapered, and they were likely not to survive. The author was also concerned with the frontier of transition when the colonists increased pressure to the natives. Moreover, the novel was developed after the revolutionary war, and the author set it seven years during the war the time of conflict between the France and Great Britain (Martin 44).

The main character in The Last of the Mohicans is described in detail to portray the theme of conflict that occurred between the France and Great Britain. Hawkeye was a white man, and his parents were killed. Chingachgook who was Mohican man raised him, and Hawkeye helps Duncan an English soldier. The main character is described as having a big head, and he is like Metis because he is educated and white (Martin 45).

Moby Dick was published during the Renaissance period, and Herman Melville wrote it in 1851. The novel tells a story of the obsessive quest of Ahab for revenge. The story failed when the author died, but gained fame in the 20th century when as a great American novel. Ishmael the narrator in the novel shapes the story with different genres, which includes stage plays, sermons, soliloquies, as well as symbolic readings (Lee 39).

Melville wrote the Moby Dick after reading the Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne. These two artists had a reaction to the Transcendentalist movement caused by David Thoreau who assumed that people would certainly do well if the limitations were lifted from them. Hawthorne supposed that the new town required building a cemetery and a prison because destruction and crime were the only two realities. Similarly, Melville supposes similar ideas are inherent in each person. For instance, Father Mapple's rousing speech was intended to make Ahab give up, but he never accepted, and his life had a brutal end that was seen as unnecessary. Thus, Melville's idea is that, when given the final choice, people will finally do evil things (Lee 40).

The symbol of Whiteness in the Moby Dick helps in illustrating how the novel is a historical novel. To the narrator, the idea of whiteness is awful because it signifies the atypical and intimidating situation. The image transforms the idea of whiteness that was associated with pureness. The concept of whiteness means both a lack of meaning and an unreadable excess of meaning that confuses persons. For instance, Moby Dick is a highpoint of whiteness, and Melville’s personalities cannot accurately recognize the White Whale. Ahab thinks that Moby Dick signifies evil while Ishmael declines his efforts to establish the whale’s important nature. In the novel, there are many bright moments, but the ultimate purpose will be decreasing (Lee 43).

Moreover, the Whale in Moby Dick symbolizes pure evil for Ahab, and he feels that it is his responsibility to take that malevolent out of the planet. The whale is a suitable subject for fairytale, and an easy victim for all the ship crewmembers. Finally, instead of talking about their fears, they talk about the Whale (Lee 44).

Finally, Ishmael and Queequeg represent the relationship between human unity and goodwill. Before the Civil War, interracial friendship was a bold theme, and Melville used the two characters to highlight some humor and to juxtapose thoughts of civilization. However, Queequeg was given dignity and offered the relationship seriously. The group is also shared among the other shipmates around the world (Lee 45).

In conclusion, as presented in the paper a historical novel is one that portrays historical incidents that happened in the past years. The stories presented in the essay explain the spirit, behaviors, and social circumstances of a classical period with truthful account and honesty. Waverely is a historical story that depicts the influence of the 18th century during the enlightenment period. However, it is presented as a narrative full of allusions to the historical tale, medieval poetry, metanarrative, satire, and romantic poetry. Gone with the Wind represents experiences that happened during the Civil War and the how the war transformed the people during that time. The Last of the Mohicans presents circumstances that transpired during the colonial war. Moby Dick presents problems that affected people during the Renaissance period. Finally, Waverely can be said to belong to its own genre because it has the characteristic of a historical novel though the author uses many literary allusions from medieval poetry, metanarrative, satire, romantic poetry, and historical tale.

Works cited

Ken Gelder. Popular Fiction: the logics and practices of a literary field. New York: Taylor &

Francis e-Library, 2004

Keymer Thomas and Mee Jon. The Cambridge Companion to English Literature. 1740-

1830, Cambridge. 2004.

Lee, Maurice.The Language of Moby-Dick: "Read It If You Can in Kelley, Wyn, A Companion to

Herman Melville, Malden, MA Oxford Blackwell, 2006

Martin Barker, Roger Sabin. The Lasting of the Mohicans. University Press of Mississippi. 1995

McCracken-Flesher Caroline. Possible Scotlands; Walter Scott and the Story of

Tomorrow. Oxford, 2005.

Roe Nichola. Romanticism An Oxford Guide. Oxford, 2005.

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