Philosophical Arguments on Existence of God

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Most preachers have faced difficulties and challenges in persuading their adherents, in particular those who refuse to take the fact that God is genuinely in the assumption that God exists. Many individuals do not think of God as such and, as instructed by the Holy Books, they discard and condemn teachings and practices. Different thinkers have argued primarily about the nature of God on the basis of teleology, ontology and cosmology claim (Collins 182). During the last few decades there has been an endless discussion about the same thing by various thinkers and theologians. Therefore, the main aim of this topic is to describe the different views of various philosophers on the question of ‘Does God Really Exist?’ There are various philosophers with different arguments on God’s existence but the topic will dwell specifically on two arguments namely; St. Thomas Aquinas’ Argument and arguments by philosopher Plato.

Analysis of the Arguments

Philosopher St. Thomas Aquinas had various proof to support his argument on the existence of God. To begin with, St. Thomas Aquinas argued that there are things that keep on changing from time to time in this universe and that the things change as a result of force from another thing that is in motion. He states that a thing in motion always results following effort placed by another thing also in motion and for the series of motion not to be endless, an assumption of the first mover and the foundation of motion according to St. Thomas Aquinas is God (CH 211). Secondly, efficient causes is another argument that was brought about by St. Thomas Aquinas. In this universe, there is a chain of efficient causes of various things. Therefore, this argument states that one event occurs as a result of another occurrence and that failure of one event to occur in the chain will lead to non-existence of other subsequent events. As a result of a sequence of sources wherein the series cannot be endless, the sources are all linked to one first source which is known to be God. St. Thomas Aquinas third argument is an Argument from Possibility and Necessity. He states that things depend or rather depended on other things for their survival in this world. He assumes that all the existing things at the moment resulted due to things that already existed before and that the only thing that does not need a pre-existing thing so as to occur is God. Also, he says that the only one surviving on its own requirement is God and for those reasons he states that everything existing should therefore trace God as their origin (Johnston 17).

Additionally, philosopher Plato also argued on the existence of God basing his argument on the beauty of nature. He states that the beauty shown during sunrise and sunset as well beauty experienced in various other occasions have a distinct source. Therefore, Plato supposes that beauty of all things may have a common origin despite the fact that the beauty of one thing is independent of another thing’s beauty (CH 266). In addition to that, similarly to beauty, Plato presumes moral things like excellence, truth, justice and virtue have a core. He anticipates the likelihood of principle which the various moral things share and conclude that to be a type of Form, the Form of Goodness and because God is known to be the being with much goodness then He becomes the Form of Goodness (Johnston 36).

Furthermore, according to the studies done by different philosophers, I agree with St. Thomas Aquinas argument about the existence of God. St. Thomas Aquinas arguments are based on the Holy Book teachings and all churches use the same Holy Book (Bible) to preach to their Christians and according to Christians, God talks to them through His teachings. Also, St. Thomas Aquinas states that God is the only natural being that directs all the things that lack intellect like the ordinary bodies to their respective ends. Finally, St. Thomas Aquinas argued that the only being that created the universe and everything in it is God just as written in the bible (Johnston 28).

Conclusion

In conclusion, arguments based on God’s existence by philosophers and theologians are still debated by various people. However, people are urged to believe in the existence of God even though they can’t physically see him. The teachings of Christianity is the way to deliverance and light (CH 241). Therefore, the Word of God is preached and taught to those who walk in ways that are not righteous and against the teachings of the word, so that they may as well be delivered from darkness and brought to light. Finally, the beauty of the world and all the creatures in the world should be traced back to God for the Christian teachings acknowledge God to be the creator of everything in the universe (Collins 202).

Works Cited

CH, Celestial Hierarchy. “Kevin Corrigan and Michael Harrington.” Ancient Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion (2014): 277.

Collins, Robin. “A scientific argument for the existence of God.” Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology (2014): 210.

Johnston, Eric M. “The apostle, the philosopher, and Friar Thomas: the place of Aristotle in Thomas Aquinas’s Dominican vocation.” Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 19.4 (2016): 15-46.

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