Electric vehicles have grown in popularity in recent years as a result of supportive technologies. One of its primary benefits being the ability to reduce fuel consumption as opposed to an internal combustion engine (ICE). According to surveys, the average buyer spends nearly 3000 dollars on car gasoline (Simmons et al. 942). An electric vehicle is solely powered by energy stored in its batteries. On logical terms, energy is not free, but it is less expensive than oil. As a reward for going green, users of electric vehicles can obtain discounts from governments or nongovernmental organizations. In this ways, one can recover some of the cash spent in purchasing the vehicle. Unlike in the last one decade, current electric cars are cheaper and advanced. This has lowered both the purchasing and maintenance expenses. Electric-vehicle batteries (EVB) are produced in bulk, and thus they are marketed at lower prices (Denton 77). Governments also cut the tax on such productions as a strategy to encourage environmentally friendly practices. Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are deemed 100 percent eco-friendly because they do not produce any toxic gases. A BEV is also considerable in environmental preservation compared to a hybrid since the former purely runs on electrical energy. Living in a carbon-free environment has been a longstanding global dream that can be quickly realized by use of BEVs (Lienkamp 18). Lesser maintenance costs and procedures are required in an electric car since it has minor friction and moving parts.
Drawbacks of Electric Cars
Despite the many advantages, electric cars have some shortcomings. First, only a few places one can find a reliable recharge point. The development of electric filling stations has not gained much support from the current technology. A driver can unsuspectingly run out of electricity and thus result in inconveniences. Second, the cost of electricity is relative depending on the mode of use. A higher kWh is necessary for some EVBs to reach full charge. Also, the overall calculation of the electricity expense on some BEVs may be higher than that of the gas consumed by ICE car. Unlike ICE vehicles, BEVs are limited to short distances and lesser speeds. The contemporary technology in electric vehicles only allows them to move at a speed of 50-100 miles. Third, most electric cars take an extended period to recharge, unlike an ICE car that is fueled in minutes (Denton 105). In light of this, it is obligatory for BEV users to seek for secure and affordable points where they can recharge their vehicles. An EVB powers many auxiliary components of an electric car and thereby reducing its life. Similarly, an EVB is more prone to electrochemistry aspects such as polarization and local action, which collectively demand regular battery replacements. Electric cars are as well challenged by economic elements such as low load and passenger capacity that discourages many people from using them.
When it is Advisable to Purchase an Electric Car
There are some situations when it is advisable to procure an electric car instead of one that uses ICE. First, one needs to consider the primary aspects which include daily mileage, costs of electricity, and accessibility to reliable charging points. If the three factors offer a positive response, then it is advisable to purchase a BEV. An electric car can also be considered as appropriate because of its silent nature. For instance, security agents can use it to access specific locations without attracting the attention of their target. Along similar lines, some establishments like schools may require quiet environments, which can be appropriately favored by BEVs. The electric motors and controllers in a BEV are fast and hushed (Lienkamp 4). For that reason, electric cars can silently accelerate, unlike internal combustion cars that create much noise. This makes an electric automobile desirable in many areas that advocate for a quiet and carbon free environment.
Denton, Tom. Electric And Hybrid Vehicles. 2nd ed., Abingdon, Taylor And Francis, 2016.
Lienkamp, M. “Status Electromobility 2016 or how Tesla will not win.” Institute of Automotive Technology (2016).
Simmons, Richard A., et al. “A benefit-cost assessment of new vehicle technologies and fuel economy in the US market.” Applied Energy 157 (2015): 940-952.