Krohn network theory

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The theory of the Krohn network seeks to explain the relationship between one’s social network and African-American and Hispanic youth moral decline. Many researchers have used Krohn’s work to help explain the relationship between the two and he set forward the theory that some of the work would be compiled below.
“Dana, L (2001) “Revisited by Delinquent Peers: Does Network Structure Matter? “American Sociological Journal. (a) 106(4) 1013-1057
The network theory investigates in this analysis whether the structural properties of friendship groups influence the delinquent behavior of friendship and the delinquent behavior of individuals. Dana used data from Add health allowed more accurate conceptualization which bettered other previous studies on the same topic. The findings of the survey indicate that its only adolescents that are associated with adolescents’ friendship delinquency. It also finds that network density emerges as the principal component delinquency peer association; groups with a stronger bond tend to contain more delinquency peer relationship than those that are less bonded.

Dana, L. (2002) “Friendship Networks and Delinquency: The Relative Nature of Peer Delinquency,” Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 18(2) 99-134

In this research, information to study teens health was adopted from the “National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health” (Dana, 99) was employed which incorporates friends’ network with members who indulge in criminal and nondelinquent activities. The findings indicate that friends’ network is heterogeneous regarding portrayal of criminal characteristics and many of the adolescents belonging to groups that contain both felonious and nondelinquent peers. It also finds that more antisocial colleagues are the decision makers in the group.

Ennett, T and Bauman, E (1993) “Peer Group Structure and Adolescent Cigarette Smoking: A Social Network Analysis,” Journal of health and social behavior. 34(3)226-236

This work applies the social network theory and analysis to understand the position of teens in social teams that characterize peer group structure that differ in frequency of smoking. In the study, the researchers use a sample of one thousand and ninety-two (1092) students from different schools in five different schools. They identified groups and classified them to 3 segments of the position of the groups; they found out that in many cases the smokers were isolated because the other team members were nonsmokers hence pushing the smokers out the group. Making a real conclusion group pressure take a significant part in the adolescents conduct.

Krohn, D. (1986) “The Web of Conformity: A Network Approach To the Explanation of Delinquent Behavior.” Social Problem. 33(6) 81-93

The surveyor uses his past writings to find if there social class and delinquent behavior relationship. The main argument in the study is that social status contributes to delinquent behavior because it affects the social networks. The finding in this study shows the exact truth that social status drives individuals to a particular structure of the social network that may bring delinquency in the society.

Lizotte, J. Krohn, D. Farnworth, M. and Jang, J. (1991) “Testing Interactional Theory: An Examination of Reciprocal Causal Relationship among Family, School, and Delinquency,” The Journal of Juvenile and Criminology. 82(1) 3-35

The study concludes this that obligation to school and antisocial conduct are involved in a mutual causal relationship over time. Little commitment, on the other hand, increases delinquency and delinquency reduce the level of engagement to the school. As adolescents gain more independence and parental accountability reduces delinquency increases among the age group.

Massey, J. and Zielnski, M. (1988) “Role overlap, Network Multiplexity, and Adolescent Deviant Behaviour,” Social Psychology Quarterly. 51(4) 346-356

The concept of network multiplexity is introduced to explain structural social characteristics of adolescents. It examines the participation of adolescents to both parents and fellow teens on cigarette smoking, the findings show that teenagers who live with their guardians/parents have a higher likelihood to smoke and those who have smoking friends are at a high risk of engaging in the vice. It builds on the theory that was postulated by Krohn hence a confirmation of the theory to be so essential to most studies.

Sampson, J., and Groves, W. (1989) “Community Structure and Crime: Testing Social-disorganization Theory,” American Journal of Sociology. 94(4) 774-802

In this work the scholars try to the level of crime and delinquency rates are contributed by community social disorganization which is caused by the economic status, domestic flexibility and family interruption. They define public level of social organization regarding friendship network, management of teenage youths and their activities while at their organization. They used data from 238 localities in Great Britain. In this study depended mostly on the intuitions from theory and the broad understanding of family composition and criminal activities. Results show that communities that had characterized unsupervised teenage peers, spare friendship network and weak organization involvement recorded higher engagement in in criminal activities.

Sung, J and Bryon, R (2001) “Neighborhood Disorder, Individual Religiosity, and Adolescent Use of Illicit Drugs: A Test of Multilevel Hypothesis,” Criminology. 39(1) 109-144

This work hypothesizes the relationship among three variables studying illegal drug usage; they include neighborhood disorder, individual religiosity, and adolescents. The data used is from the United States National Youth Survey data. The findings of the study reveal religiosity and neighborhood disorder have theorized effect on illegal substance consumption without peer influence; also it finds that the effect of fidelity enhances neighborhood disorder influence on substance abuse and it becomes stronger throughout adolescence. The findings also explain that socialization at school setting have a tremendous impact on adolescents and drug utilization in the normal direction. School going adolescents have a lower probability of abusing drugs unlike their colleagues who are not in school.

Vaisey, S. and Lizardo, O. (2010) “Can Cultural Worldviews Influences Network Composition?” Social Forces. 88(4)1595-1618

Vaisey and Lizardo (2010) hold a contrary view of the network theory that was postulated by Krohn and it offers a modest framework of social view of transformation and building of connections. The research finds out that cultural orientation and beliefs hold an self-regulating part in shaping socialization. It criticizes network theory that individuals pick up new friends and personal networks are hard to study. The study, therefore, concludes by putting across that culture influences most of the social organization in the world.

References

Dana, L (2001) “Delinquent Peers Revisited: Does Network Structure Matter?” American Journal of Sociology. 106(4) 1013-1057

Dana, L. (2002) “Friendship Networks and Delinquency: The Relative Nature of Peer Delinquency,” Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 18(2) 99-134

Ennett, T and Bauman, E (1993) “Peer Group Structure and Adolescent Cigarette Smoking: A Social Network Analysis,” Journal of health and social behavior. 34(3)226-236

Krohn, D. (1986) “The Web of Conformity: A Network Approach To the Explanation of Delinquent Behavior.” Social Problem. 33(6) 81-93

Lizotte, J. Krohn, D. Farnworth, M. and Jang, J. (1991) “Testing Interactional Theory:An Examination of Reciprocal Causal Relationship among Family, School and Deliquency,” The Journal of Juvenile and Criminology. 82(1) 3-35

Massey, J. and Zielnski, M. (1988) “Role overlap, Network Multiplexity and Adolescent Deviant Behaviour,” Social Psychology Quarterly. 51(4) 346-356

Sampson, J., and Groves, W. (1989) “Community Structure and Crime: Testing Social-disorganization Theory,” American journal of Sociology. 94(4) 774-802

Sung, J and Bryon, R (2001) “Neighborhood Disorder, Individual Religiosity, and Adolescent Use of Illicit Drugs: A Test of Multilevel Hypothesis,” Criminology. 39(1) 109-144

Vaisey, S. and Lizardo, O. (2010) “Can Cultural Worldviews Influences Network Composition?” Social Forces. 88(4)1595-1618

Zacheaus, D. (1986) “The Web of Conformity: A Network Approach To the Explanation of Delinquent Behavior.” Social Problem. 33(6) 81-93

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