Constructivism, which emerged in Russia in the early twentieth century, was an architectural movement “that arose from Vladimir Tatlin’s experimentation with three-dimensional artwork” (Ruder 16). As a result, artists felt that the object of their art was to serve a social purpose. In other words, through constructivism, art ventured beyond the mere reflection of the aesthetic properties of the outside world and into the construction of concrete structures in which material properties could be studied.
Technology has played a significant role in the advancement of structural mechanisms used in the development of architectural principles. For example, architecture has been applied using a computed algorithm. Additionally, technology has influences the materials used in architecture. For instance, while traditional architecture mainly used blocks and wood in construction, technological advancement has seen such materials as glass being incorporated to build transparent walls. Additionally, technology has improved the decorations in buildings as well as installation of security mechanism such as CCTV cameras and motion sensors all signify the role of technology in architecture.
Both Art Deco and Art Nouveau are used for enhancing the aesthetic value of buildings and other structures. However, there is a difference between the two. Art Deco is heavily influenced by geometric shapes that are more streamlined. Additionally, decorations are usually attached to the structure and uses expensive materials such as stainless steel. An example is the Chrysler Building in New York. On the other hand, Art Nouveau was informed by the use of geometric forms such as arcs and semicircles but with inspiration of soft art such as paintings and nature such as flowers. An example is the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
Architecture and environment are closely related. The environment defines the context in which buildings are constructed. As such, architects have to consider such aspects as energy and water resources in order to have energy efficient buildings. Additionally, architects consider locations that are safe for humans. For instance, areas prone to wild animals and health risks will be avoided.
Ruder, Adam. “Art and the shaping of society: Russian posters and constructivism, 1917-1924.” (2003).