Brief Description of China

China's History and Geography

China is one of the world’s early civilizations. The country has a written history that dates back over 3,000 years. China’s history is mostly defined by prehistoric and mythical evidence. China is the world’s third largest country, behind Canada and Russia, and is located in Southeast Asia on the Pacific Ocean’s coast. The country, which is shaped like a rooster on the map, has a land area of over 9 million square kilometers and a coastline of 18,000 kilometers.

Economy of China

In terms of the economy, China’s entire sectors are performing well, with the fastest developing economy rate of any major country. The nation’s ratio of GDP is very high, cultural, and social features for country and business is bilateral while the economic structure is performing well. Because it is a developing nation, there are probabilities of improving their prospective in business in a huge sense with developing regions. The present constitution of the Republic of China, which was assumed in 1982, states the fundamental law of the country. National People's Congress (NPC) has the greatest authority in the power of the state, while the local authorities are comprised of local people's congresses. The current party in power is the Communist party (Berlatsky, 2010).

Major Strategic Challenges facing China

Inadequate efforts in Promoting Democracy and Driving Political Reform

The greatest and most difficult problem in China is the long delay in the ultimate giving back of capacity to the people (Zhou, 2014). Judging by the modernization experience of other nations, it is clear that the challenge cannot be addressed completely. It ought to be undertaken methodologically while taking precaution. Nonetheless, the country has not made any gesture to indicate that the Party is honest in its attempts to provide people some aspiration; rather it has hesitated when faced with problems. During the last decade, in spite of the leadership’s administration focus on political reform, the rule of law, freedom, and democracy, hardly any progress has occurred in regards to democratization. Zhou (2014) feels that the answer to all these challenges can be found in the political system’s reform and the intensity of the changes. Therefore, the government should courageously adopt bold actions to recognize the democracy and political reforms in China.

Lack of Specific measures, strategic thinking the style Diplomacy of maintaining Stability

The nation has not succeeded in taking advantage of the available opportunities brought about by the change in the world order. During the previous decade, China obtained authority in regards to making decisions in the international arena, as well as enacting a set of targets and principles towards the world order. However, the nation has not succeeded in changing this opportunity into actions (Tsang and Men,2016). This failure is because the diplomacy of China has goals and policies but has no agenda-setting capacity and strategic planning, or actually, the will power to perform. In regards to diplomatic principles, the country is not stable to match its diplomacy with transformations in the world situation and the country’s strength. Rather, China confines itself to the thought of keeping its abilities and biding its time. Consequently, China’s diplomacy has not succeeded in reflecting an increase in its influence, which is illustrated by the application of stability maintenance and firefighting style diplomacy in handling world affairs. This situation has aggravated China’s global situation and eroded the confidence of people in China (Tsang and Men, 2016).

Unsuccessful Reconstruction of the Economy

China has failed to create a breakthrough in the restructuring of its economy or designing an economy that is consumer-driven. Even though the country is third in size worldwide, it is of low quality and has a distorted structure (Verbeke, 2011). Susceptible to fluctuations of the outside economic situation, the existing model of development is a barrier to long-term success. China has to move from the present models that greatly emphasize high resource consumption and investments and, exports to a consumer-driven, high-tech economy and address the inner rebalancing issue of the economy (Zhou, 2014). Nonetheless, controlled by stake parties such as regional governments, almost nothing has been about it. Particularly, after the priority of world financial crisis moved from restructuring and reform to simply maintaining growth.

Major Current Ways of Solving China’s Issues

Utilizing the Country's Security Strategy

A major issue in the strategic agenda of China is to make use of the country’s security strategy (Haacke and Preston, 2013). As China balances both its international and development strategies, the extent of the security issues of the country has rapidly increased. Outside problems and threats to the safety of the country have turned complex, and China has started to experience more constraints in safeguarding and enhancing its interests. To make use of the country's security strategy, Verbeke (2011) thinks that China should begin by focusing on ensuring domestic safety and improving the nation’s strength, which will offer a safe basis for the national security. China could later change its power into world influence and participate in developing a peaceful development global system. It is against this background that the formation of a total functional National Security Council (NSC) should be incorporated in the agenda, with the purpose of providing the highest-level solution to critical issues associated with diplomatic and security challenges. NSC should concentrate on making decisions of the large strategic issues concerning the economy, natural resources, military, diplomacy, territorial waters, and territory. Doing so will ensure adequate implementation of the country’s strategies for security that work forcefully and efficiently to issues of emergency, both domestic and abroad (Cheng, 2012).

Encouraging Free-Market Cooperation

Regarding the economic challenges, China should encourage Free-Market Cooperation and maintain its economic engagement with other strong nations (Verbeke, 2011). Discussions about the economy should tightly base and focus on open market rather than principles. Even though the China government is not ready to let go state intervention fully or quickly, it should adopt fewer subsidies and greater competition by aggressively looking to roll back the country’s mercantilist strategies in the World Trade Organization (Berlatsky, 2010). To address the easy movement of money across China, appropriate multilateral and bilateral forums should be pressed. China and the US can cooperate on some issues, however China may not be given credit for assisting where there has not been any progress because the interests of China, whether concerning maritime legal regimes or Syria outerpsace may not be similar to those of the US. It should not be presumed that the two countries share a wide vision of positive results, rather it should be understood that the best thing is to embrace a more realistic perspective of cooperation determined by case-by-case coincidence of interests (Zhou, 2014).

Treaty Alliances and Associations with East Asia Countries

It is also recommended that China remains devoted to Treaty Alliances while forging broader associations with other East Asia countries (Kang, 2012). The U.S can assist China by being unequivocal during its allegiance to mutual defense within these treaties. The countries in the treaty allies can be engaged together with other non-ally countries within the region to avoid their perception of China as the only game in the area. India is the greatest power in the area. However, China has connections with countries in the neighborhood that interfere with modern trends and stability in the area. However, China has connected with countries in the communities, which could interfere with standard patterns, or security in the area. Congress should exhaustively assess the previously finalized Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) to allow that, on equity, it promotes the freedom of economy for everyone (Haacke and Preston, 2013). 12 countries that are participating in the discussions from 40% of the world economy. The results should be as massive as possible in removing hurdles to trade and accessing behind borders to secure investment. China should keep a firm U.S military existence in Asia, and US Navy should be accorded funding support (Zhou, 2014). The U.S should be allowed to invest in power projections of broad range such as nuclear attack submarine, bombers, and aerial vehicles that would hinder attempts to deny the forces of US access to the area or obstruct freedom in the seas.


Berlatsky, N. (2010). China. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press.
Cheng, S. (2012). Selected works of Cheng Siwei. Singapore: Enrich Professional Pub.
Haacke, J. and Preston, P. (2013). Contemporary China. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.
Kang, D. (2012). East Asia before the West. New York: Columbia University Press.
Tsang, S. and Men, H. (2016). China in the Xi Jinping Era. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
Verbeke, A., Lehmann, A. and Van Tulder, R. (2011). Entrepreneurship in the Global Firm. Bradford: Emerald Group Pub.
Zhou, T. (2014). The China dream and the China path. Singapore: World Scientific Pub. Co.

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