Annotated Bibliography

The National Institute of Mental Health published an article on their website (NIH). The US Department of Health and Human Services/ is also on board. It eloquently illustrates a variety of factors in PTSD victims, with the aim of elucidating the subject's many complexities. It proposes signs and symptoms that could lead to a diagnosis of PTSD. Avoidance, re-experiencing, arousal, and reactivity, among other symptoms, are fully explained. As a humanist and a socialist, I can see how the causes and consequences of PTSD are inextricably linked. Risk and resilience factors are discussed in detail while treatments and therapies are elaborated upon. PTSD victims can help their selves in daring ways, for instance, by going about daily routine life with a positive outlook, being determined to recover and set realistic goals. A number of free books, brochures, articles and multimedia are available here for further research, making the article, a great help on the topic, “how PTSD’s affects soldiers today”.

Hochgesang, J. & Lawyer, T. & War, T.S. & War, P.M. (1999).The Psychological Effects of the Vietnam War. Edge, Ethics of Development in a Global Environment. Retrieved on April 21, 2017 from

This article is rich on the issue of U.S soldiers diagnosed with PTSD. Their stories drive home the topic of discussion with vivid descriptions of the pandemonium called PTSD.

Junger Sebastian. (2015). How PTSD became a Problem Far beyond the Battle Field. Vanity Fair. Hive, from the Magazine. Retrieved on April 21, 2017 from.

This article is loaded with the experiences of soldiers diagnosed with PTSD. It is easy to imagine the world of these soldiers as they relate how they feel and what it entails to live under the influence of PTSD. For example, one soldier expressed a tireless desire to respond to strange noises, dangers, sleeps lightly and has flashbacks.

Rajkowski, J. (2009). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Returning Iraq and Afghanistan Soldiers. A Bibliography Plan. Retrieved on April 19, 2017 from

This article, “a bibliography plan”, takes reader’s attention on PTSD, from one rich source of information to research. This source is an organized road map on the state and statistics of soldiers and civilians from Iraq and Afghanistan living with PTSD. Here the reader can learn basic facts about PTSD, for instance, that Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) got its name in” the 1980’s”, long after World War 1 reports of “shell shock” among veterans. Reports of PTSD is on the increase ever since as indicated in the cases of veterans from Afghanistan and Iraq. I am attracted to “Virtual Iraq”, a treatment plan for PTSD veterans, he finds from a “United States Department of Veterans affairs” sponsored source.

Rossignol, M. (2010). Recognizing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in military veterans. 5(2). Retrieved o April 23, 2017 from

The author, Mary Carol Rossignol, under scored the risks entailed in the life of PTSD sufferers. She pointed to sexual assault as a major trauma experienced mostly female soldiers and that such trauma was intensely toxic. She further elaborated with careful details, the gradations and subsequent degradation from PTSD’s excesses.

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