About Bird Conservation

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The primary goal of this research is to locate one of four viable sites for bird protection in four different areas of Belize: Punta Gorda, Cockscomb Basin, Belmopan, and Gallon Jug. Belize is located in Central America, between Mexico and Guatemala, on the Caribbean Sea. The geographical coordinates are 17°15’N 88°45’W, and the tropical climate is hot and humid, with approximately 59% forest. This region’s tropical climate is hot and humid, with about 90% of the land covered in trees. The assessment of the four locations is based upon the vegetation diversity of each area, the identified bird species, and the number of individuals in every species of birds (CIA, 2017).

Data collection and methods

Three types of data were collected:  point count method whereby 10 minutes at each station, observers wrote down the species of birds and number; MacKinnon method in which observers wrote down 10 species of birds found, then moved to next station and repeated for 15 stations; and vegetation data whereby GIS mapping to record how many hectares of each vegetation type found at the regional level and parcel level. The frequency and number of each bird location were determined using the bird data spreadsheet. The species are then categorized by dominance into frequencies greater than ten individuals. The procedure mentioned above offers the basis for which location could be awarded the most significant conservation benefit.

Analysis techniques

The Point count method data used the PAST software to determine the diversity indices. This enabled the reflection of how many various types of bird species there are in a dataset and instantaneously considers how consistently the individuals are distributed among those categories. The MacKinnon data used excel to create a species line graph, and the vegetation data was calculated into percentages and presented as pie charts.


CIA, C. (2017). The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency. Cia.gov. Retrieved 4 October 2017, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bh.html

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