A Discourse Vigilantes

It develops from social structures in a particular setting. The facilities include several things, including media and politics. It involves many academic fields, including the humanities, social sciences, and anthropology. Events, language, and the methods used by a particular discourse to address its issues are given order by it. It shapes the methods of thinking and acting in a particular circumstance. Additionally, it influences how we behave and interact with others (Samara, 2005).
Understanding the values and practices of a specific discourse group is crucial. It’s because someone can grasp how to handle a quarrel when they’re in a bad circumstance. Discourse has so much meaning in a given environment. It has a powerful implication in a given society. Often it is where conflict and struggle arise; thus resulting in disputes. Knowledge the structure of a particular discourse will determine the understanding of the conflicts that arise. It will also determine the path to take while solving them. The converse is also true (Samara, 2005).

Question 2

Vigilantes are the marginalized communities that reside in Bolivia City. It is common for to take the law into their own hands such as punishing individuals whom to them are criminals. They do this to protect their local community against crime. Also, they do this to show that they are dissatisfied with the state, justice and police system. According to them, this form of conflict against ‘criminals’; is a method challenging the legitimacy of the state, citizenship and the laws that govern them. The statutes in Bolivia characterize the actions of the Vigilantes are occurring beyond the Bolivian Law (Goldstein, 2003).

The social integration in Bolivia is slowly losing meaning. It is because the Bolivia authorities seem to be overwhelmed by the Vigilantes taking the law into their own hands. The Vigilantes have a saying that if the administration does not bring justice; then the Vigilantes will do so with their own hands. However, this influenced by the fact that the residents do not see actions that police take to protect them against criminals. In fact, they have witnessed bribe-taking by police; thus rendering them incapable of defending them (Goldstein, 2003).

As a result of this, it is difficult for the community to believe that the police, government, and the system of justice can protect them. In addition, the acts of bribery by the police make it difficult for the police to reassure the vigilantes. As a consequence, specific actions by the vigilantes are not just as they may presume. The government, on the other hand, cannot convince the people of the legitimacy of its rule and protection. The result is that innocent persons suffer at the hands of the Vigilantes as the situation remains unsolved. Thus the framing of the situation, in this case, prevents justice for the vigilantes and persons who are suspected to be criminal the situation remains unchanged and unsolved (Goldstein, 2003).

South Africa is home to one of the most significant incidences of racial discrimination; the name was apartheid. The system was consisting of discriminating the people by the skin color. The unity of several political parties caused the order to come to an end. As a result, the country was able to avoid civil way. The nation was approaching the issue in a positive way of peaceful negotiations. However, the state was still facing a lot of questions about crime, HIV/AIDS pandemic, xenophobia and public unrest. These are issues of post-apartheid rule after the ANC rising to power (Samara, 2005).

Previously, during the apartheid system; a suspect of any criminal activity was not charged in a court of law. Rarely did they face justice. The system at that time was using torture to instill fear among the nationals. The result was a high number of maimed and dead South Africans. However, now in 1994 Africans were in control of the land. Notwithstanding the above issues were proving to challenge the new government. Prior and during the colonial times; the country was using Domestic Social Control as a means of controlling crime (Samara, 2005).

It is imperative to note that during the pre-colonial times; it did not matter whether a person was a suspect or an actual criminal. They were all subjected to torture. The role of the police in the country did not take a great turn. Their purpose remained the same; however, issues of pain reduced significantly. However, as the ANC was successfully eradicating crime. The people of were no longer feeling that the police were against them due to color difference. Most of the law enforcers were mixed race (Boaz) or Africans. Thus, the framing of the issue in this case considerably is making a positive change in the country. It is different from the above case in Bolivia City (Samara, 2005).


Goldstein, D. M. (2003). ” In our own hands”: Lynching, justice, and the law in Bolivia. American Ethnologist, 30(1), 22-43.

Samara, T. R. (2005). Youth, crime and urban renewal in the Western Cape. Journal of Southern African Studies, 31(1), 209-227.

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