An institution of higher learning is referred to as a college. A college is a location devoted to education as well as the instillation of morals and ethics in students. It has been known as a melting pot because it attracts people from all walks of life, races, and socioeconomic backgrounds. A college has been described as a place where people learn about themselves. It is important to remember that while the word college is used in the United States to describe this institution of higher learning, it is known as university in other parts of the world. A university or college as the case may be in America can be as inactivity relating to a group of people who are associated to form one society or one community, (Porter, 55). The society constitutes primarily of student and teacher. Each of this group of people has their specific function. The teachers who are also referred to as lecturer are responsible for inculcating knowledge into the students. For students, their primary role is receiving the knowledge and applying it to their future profession. Haven clearly emphasized that above there is need to state a college is also a place of higher or tertiary learning, it is a place of educational standards intensive academic discipline, and lastly a college is responsible for conferring academic degrees. There is a need to also clearly empathize that a college is of place of self development and inventions as most of the celebrated inventions in the world today were made by college students. For example facebook and Google were invented by students of Harvard while they were still in college. There is a need to at this juncture point out there have been controversial views about the value of a college and people want to know if a college education is actually worth it, (Leonhardt, et al. 56). This study will be developed to point out the functions for a college and also point out the importance or value of college, and at the end, it will provide a conclusion, to sum up, ideas of the study.
Primary functions of colleges
There is need to clearly emphasize that one of the primary functions of colleges is conducting reaches. However, there is need also to note that they tend to focus on areas of academic research. The function of research carried out by colleges involves the process of collection of data, facts, and information, for the purpose of processing it and advancing the field of knowledge. Colleges are developed to provide students with the understanding of an issue or topic by helping them to use a three step process; students are asked to pose questions, the go ahead to collect data to provide answers to the posed questions and finally present the answer to the questions after a proper analysis. There is need to clearly point out that the function of research by colleagues has been pertinent to increasing the stock of knowledge worldwide and providing access to new and improved applications for societal development, (Pascarella, et al. 22)
It has been clearly pointed out in the course of this study that colleges are institutions of higher learning; this function is carried out by colleges by facilitating the acquisition and the learning of skills, knowledge, values, habits and beliefs. It must also be clearly stressed that colleges have clearly adopted methods by which they carry out this function and those methods are referred to as educational methods they include discussions, teaching, training, and the use of specific and direct research. There is need to clearly stress that the form of education provides by colleges is referred to as tertiary education. Tertiary education is offered to as post-secondary education which is usually divided into undergraduate and also could be the form of post graduate. At the end of this education, outstanding students are rewarded with diplomas, certificates and academic degrees, (Pascarella, at al. 25).
Colleges are licensed and permitted to award various classes of degrees based on student’s performance. Academic qualification is awarded by the school after the students have completed their studies. There is need to also stress that an academic degree is still referred to as a proof of competence required by employers. Most often than not, firms invite applicants for interview they consider them for employment after checking for the qualification they obtained from a credible institution of higher learning most especially from colleges, (Pascarella,27). For point of emphasis, there is need to mention the forms of academic degrees that are conferred on the various students by colleges, such degrees include bachelor’s degrees, master’s degrees and the highest degrees are the doctorate.
Academic disciplines or fields
Colleges are one of the most organized institutions in the world. The activities carried out by colleges are well-preceded coordinate and aligned. Colleges are will divided in the field of studies to ensure that each student clearly identifies his or her field of study. Such academics fields include social sciences, natural sciences, applied sciences and etcetera, (Townsend, et al. 23-34). Each field of study is developed and streamlined to provide adequate on knowledge and train students into professionals in that field. At the end of their college training student of each field are referred to as specialists while others are also referred to as experts. There is need to clearly stress that the worth or value of a college could be explained in terms of the functions they carryout and such functions are specific, special and are imperative to the development of the society.
The value of college
It’s been clearly pointed that there have been contradicting views about the importance of a college education. There is need to also clearly stress that there is an enormous values that are associated with obtaining a college education. First, a college education translates into increase intellectual capacity and increased knowledge. A college provides student will exposure to updated and high-quality learning environment which stimulates their strategic and critical thinking and hence developing intellectual capacity. Haven clearly in pointed out the intellectual benefits of college education, there is a need also to point out other benefits associated with a college education (Brand, et al. 23).
There is need to point out that a college degree translates into the ability to earn money. After graduate from, a college such students obtain qualifications that enable them to seek employment with firms all over the world hence providing a stable source of income. It must also be emphasized that a higher degree translates to higher pay because higher skills and abilities are rewarded in the form of higher pay and other fringe benefits. Statistics in America shows that an average bachelor’s degree holder earns about $30,000 annually, while a masters degree holder earns about $50,000 annually and a doctorate holder is paid about $70,000 annually hence a college degree is a source of income for holders of such degrees.
There is a need also to point out that a college degree offers holders with the abilities to be of benefits to their families both financially and intellectually, (Oreopoulos, et al. 33). Financially by meeting money related needs when demands are placed on them and intellectually when required to solve academically related problems. A college education offers holders with better career opportunities. Earning a college education has been described as a pathway to better and more advanced career opportunities. There is need to point out that the college education is not of value to everyone it only valued by a group of people who intends to build their career. A college education is a career builder because it offers access to a broad range of skills. A lot of college graduates end up functioning or working the same fields they studied while in school. Hence it provides familiar concept and also offers enormous growth opportunities, (Pascarella, et al. 66).
A college education can also helps in building our careers by offering us the opportunities to take a higher degree and hence broadening our minds and opening us up more potential. It must be clearly emphasized that base on the sophistications today’s economy and society there are limited career growth opportunities for high school certificate holders hence a college degree if a step towards the attaining of a steady career growth in a chosen field or occupation.
There is need also to emphasize that a college degree is an investment in one’s future. When we decide to take a college degree, we must be aware of the fact that such degree is an enormous commitment in terms of time and money; however looking at the long term benefits associated with earning a college degree, the time money and efforts spent to acquire such degrees will be considered as an investment, (Abel, et al. 45). There is need to conclude our discourse on the importance or benefits of a college degree by looking at the facts that a college education provides forms of job satisfaction and job security and it is of importance to note that obtaining a post-college degree offers an avenue for a better employment placement.
People without a college education are not as valued like their counterparts which college education and at times when companies or intuitions are not doing well financially. Such companies or organizations tend to downsize by laying off people with less qualification hence people without college educations mostly falls into this category. We most also note that a college education is also valuable to some organization. Based on their recognition of the importance of college education they do not mind paying for the tuition of their members of staff to acquire higher degree so as to improve their performance and level of efficiency, (Townsend, et at. 33). There is need to stress that the benefits of a college education is not associated with employees or the holders of such education alone, it also flows down to the owners the company and the society in general. I would like to end the session of this study by writing a quote “if you think education is expensive, try ignorance.”
It has been clearly stressed in the course of this study that college can be referred to as institution of higher learning and that a college is a place dedicated to education and also the inculcation of ethics and educational moral. The study also clearly empathized that the term college is used in America to describe this institution of higher learning, however I other parts of the world it referred to as University. A university or college as the case may be in America can be seen as an activity relating to a group of people who are associated together to form one society or one community. The society constitutes main of student and teacher. Each of this group of people has their particular function; there have been arguments about the value of a college and some people have tried to discover whether a college degree is worth it or not. This study has clearly pointed out the functions and primary activities of the college and also broadly elaborated the importance of the college education. Therefore based on the finding of the study it, therefore, concludes that college education of value. It must also be stressed that the value of college education is enormous as it tends to provide benefits of holders of such education and for the society as a whole. Therefore, everyone should be encouraged to seek and obtain college education.
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