After decades of segregation and discrimination on the basis of color, sex, race, religion or national origin, the Civil Rights Act 1964 was enacted with the aim of seizing public segregation and to ban employment discrimination (Loevy, 1). It was initially proposed by President John Kennedy and it is considered as one of the legislative achievement crowning contributions of civil rights movement. In 1963 the bill was referred to rules committee after the judiciary committee reported it out.
Kennedy was emulating the Act of 1875 by calling the Republicans to discuss the increased racial discrimination. In 1963, the same Congress had passed the equal pay right and therefore it realized the law was void if there was discrimination in the employment sector. After the assassination of Kennedy in 1963, his successor Lyndon Jonson pushed the bill which was enacted in 1964. In March 1964, the bill was brought before the Senate where it became a controversial issue passing such a bill was not easy especially where the opposition is staunch in withdraw from such bill in a filibuster. Celler who was the chairman of the judiciary committee filed a petition that was requesting for a discharge of that was taken to the rules committee (Graglia 103). The white opposed the integration grievances with the black Americans which made them protest in support of pro-segregation and racial violence.
The features of the Act included; title I that banned the voter's registration requirement, title II barred racial discrimination, title III gave equal access to public facilities, title IV authorized the attorney to give an order I authorizing equal access to public school, title V expanded the earlier formed Civil Act of 1957. Title VI prohibited the government agency from receiving funds if it was found to violate title VI.
The Act gave the federal office to prevent the racial discrimination in voting, employment and access to the public facilities. The Act was signed by president Lyndon on July 2, 1964, and gave the people to access high-quality education, and enjoyment of employment opportunities without considering the ethnic-racial originality (Brown 527). It was a law that contributed to the decline of feminism and hegemony in the society. It also paved way for the black elate to get into the office.
Brown, Paulette. "The civil rights Act of 1964." Wash. UL Rev. 92 (2014): 527.
Graglia, Lino A. "The Supreme Court's Perversion of the 1964 Civil Rights Act." Harv. JL " Pub. Pol'y 37 (2014): 103.
Loevy, Robert D. The Civil Rights Act of 1964: The Passage of the Law that Ended Racial Segregation. New York: State University of the New York Press. 1997