A trade publication, a scholarly article, and an interview with a practitioner in the field of business studies are all examined in this paper. The purpose of the paper is to help students understand exactly what is expected of them as members of the academic discipline. We notice that the article and the trade publication are divided into sections and subsections as we read through them. To draw attention to a particular topic, certain ideas and concepts are highlighted or bolded. The academic writing style is one in which the paper is well-organized and the language used is formal. When reading, the field of business requires that a student has summary, inferencing, drawing conclusions, visualizing, questioning and skimming among others to appropriately understand what the author is talking about. During writing, a student is expected to possess communication skills, problem solving skills and generation of new ideas. They also need to have a good command of the language, spelling and grammar to proper express their ideas. When it comes to research, a student needs to be conversant with qualitative and quantitative research as well as basic research. When writing about a source, s student should focus on the most important parts and leave out the less important sections. This means that they have so skim through the article to find the main point that the author wanted to put across. Once a student possesses the skills aforementioned, they can meet all the requirements required by a business study to become a success.
Trade Publication Analysis
Reviewing the publication, International trade: Direction and Dimension, it is arranged in sections, with the first part being the introduction (J. S., DARSHINI 01). The first section is then followed by other sections such as growth of India’s principal exports, growth of India’s exports, trade direction, bilateral trade agreements and conclusion. The type of writing is academic as the paper is well format with a smooth transition from one idea to another. The language used is also formal with ideas arranged properly. There are bolded sections to increase emphasis on particular areas in the publication. The arrangement indicates that the audience is formal and expects to learn from the article.
When reading the publication, I used various reading skills. I had to reread some sections to get a better understanding of what the author was talking about. Additionally, I used context clues, summarized, inferred, prioritized information and skimmed through just go get a better understanding of the whole text (Veit, Gould, and Gould 23). Given a student to prepare, I would first advise him to activate prior knowledge of the subject area. I would then advise him/her to infer, locate key words, visualize, question and summarize the whole text. These strategies would not only ensure that the student quickly identifies what the author is trying to convey but also to understand the implications of various actions.
The author must have had multiple skills and knowledge to be able to write the trade publication. First, the author had proper communication skills. Writing is an art of communication and the author expressed his ideas and thoughts appropriately when writing. Another skill that the author had was problem solving and reasoning. As a writer, one is needed to have original and creative ways of solving problems. Authors are required to have the ability to analyze ideas and use logic to understand the weaknesses and strengths of the audience (Veit, Gould, and Gould 27). Importantly, an author is required to have the knowledge of spelling, grammar and punctuation. This knowledge helps in making the work of an author understandable and logical to the readers. Furthermore, the author needed to conduct different types of research. First, the author conducted basic research that was aimed at broadening the knowledge of the author in a particular field. Secondly, the author conducted quantitative research. This is research based on number. The research was aimed at comparing the value of exports and comparing the between different years. The third research that the author conducted was qualitative research. It involved collecting and analyzing data that had no numerical values.
If given an opportunity to ask the author any question, I would enquire about the future of trade agreements. Trade agreements have become common among different countries as they have facilitated commerce through the provision of larger markets and earning of foreign exchange. However, trade agreements have also brought security issues, particularly with the rise of terrorism. Such incidences could see some countries closing their borders or putting restrictions for fear of being attacked.
Analysis of a Scholarly Article
The article, The Impacts of Telecommunications Infrastructure and Institutional Quality on Trade Efficiency in Africa by Bankole Olu is a scholarly article to determine the effects of ICT infrastructure on trade. The article is arranged in sections. It starts with an introduction followed by the body and finally the conclusion. However, there are sections in the body that are further divided into sections. For instance, the methodology section is divided into subsections with headings such as Data envelopment analysis and SEM PLS (Bankole, Felix Olu, et al. 09). Other sections in the paper also have subsections that provide detailed information on the section. The article is written in an academic style. It is logical and formal. In addition, the flow of ideas are logically organized as various parts are connected that form a unified whole. The reader is able to follow the narrative well and all the sources are properly cited. The language is also unbiased and the authors have investigated the issues from an authoritative perspective. There are no issues of grammar or spelling as common in other written texts. Diction has also been considered with the author using concrete words that convey specific meanings. The paragraphs are well-structured and the language is formal and concise (Veit, Gould, and Gould 25). This shows that the audience are students, corporations and businesses that need to obtain new knowledge from the article or be informed further about an existing knowledge.
The author has used a formal language throughout the article. All words are clear with specific meanings. Vague language has been avoided, which has made all concepts in the article clear. During the analysis of the article, I realized that I needed various reading skills. Some of these included summarizing, inferencing, self-questioning and drawing conclusions. These helped me to identify what the article was all about as well as understanding how the author came up with the conclusions. If I was given a student to prepare to read the article, I would recommend that him/her to look at the major sections on the paper. Identifying and understanding these sections often help the student to understand the paper and draw conclusions. I would also advise the student to visualize, ask questions and loot at the key sections to get an idea of what is being talked about by the author.
To write such an educative article, the author needed to have good language skills, the ability to generate new ideas, use mathematical concepts, good research skills and persistence (Veit, Gould, and Gould 25). During the research, the author used skills such as critical thinking, analysis of information from various sources and finding information from both secondary and primary sources. The authors great work would make me ask why he/she chose to wrote the article. I would want to know what motivates the author to write such pieces that are valuable to the field of business, not only for students but also other stakeholders such as the government and business. When writing about the article, I would want to write how it adds more knowledge on the field of business. I would also write how it provides a background for further research in future.
Interview in the Business Field
Reading. The field of business have different specializations. However, during the first years in college, a student is required to read extensively. Extensive reading involves reading different and large quantity of material with an aim of gaining more knowledge. A student is also expected to use scanning and skimming together (Veit, Gould, and Gould 18). The student can first start by skimming to determine whether the text is worth reading, then later read it more carefully and scan for certain important information. Practicing both extensive reading as well as skimming and scanning helps a student to read and select information without focusing on the less important information (Veit, Gould, and Gould 37). As a student advances on the major, the reading could change. The curriculum could become more complex or include some math that may require to be calculated. Hence, a student may use both extensive and intensive reading as a way of relieving pressure and understanding whatever is was taught by the professor. The texts arranged in my major are arranged in a variety of ways. Most books are arranged in chapters while journals and other materials are often arranged in sections and subsections to guide the student during studies. Readings in business are different because they do not require lab reports and data such as those in sciences. The reading in the field of business is only limited to books and a student can skim through. For other majors, they have to read intensively to understand the whole concept.
Writing. The main type of writing in the field of business is expository and academic writing. Its main purpose is to explain an idea or concept while including details to support. It also requires facts rather than opinions. The other types of writing required in this major is high, low, and conversational. These writing styles do not require any writing classes. A student is expected to be able to distinguish these types of writing without attending any classes. The types of paper that will be written in the major will vary depending on the essay. However, the most common will be analysis essays, definition essays, cause and effect essays, descriptive and narrative essays and persuasive essays (Veit, Gould, and Gould 15). The citation styles common in the major are the American Psychological Association, Modern Language Association and Harvard. Some of the prominent writers in the field include Adam Smith, Henry Fayol, Henry Mintzberg, Frederick Taylor, and Albert Humphrey among others. The common writing style will be expository style and my audiences will be fellow students and professors.
Researching. In the field of business, one of the major challenges is conducting research. A student is expected to determine the question, determine the timeline and scope of research, write the research question, earn how to find relevant sources and collect the sources then begin collecting the important information either through reading or observing. Research in business is non-experimental in nature while those of other fields is experimental (Veit, Gould, and Gould 41). This means that a researcher in a business field relies on case studies, surveys and correlations. Research done by professors in the field will involve concepts and topics that have never been explored before. Data is collected and analyzed and the finding made available based on the analysis. Other practitioners will conduct research that is available on secondary sources. As studies advance, the type of research will change depending on the nature of the topic being studied.
Bankole, Felix Olu, et al. “The Impacts of Telecommunications Infrastructure and Institutional Quality on Trade Efficiency in Africa.” Information Technology for Development, vol. 21, no. 1, 2015, pp. 29-43. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/02681102.2013.874324.
Darshini, J. S. “International Trade: Direction and Dimension.” CLEAR International Journal of Research in Commerce & Management, vol. 8, no. 1, 2017, pp. 24-29. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=121942518&site=ehost-live.
Veit, Richard, Gould, Christopher, and Kathleen Gould. Writing, Reading, and Research. Heinle & Heinle, 2013.