Management in Organizations
Management is the art of any company under this new regime and, thus, all organizations must conduct management, whether governmental, private, or non-profit. Over the decades now, the scope of the company has evolved and established the competent management approach. Management, according to Bale (2015), is the mechanism concerning the direction of a particular group of individuals in order to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
The Classical School of Thought
There are many hypotheses that encourage or provide direction to how the organization should gain guidance and direction. However, the foundation of management stones to contemporary day theory and general management was laid in the early years of the 19th century. However, in this era of management reasoning, it has been termed as the classical school of thought (Jonga, 2014). Arguably, management focuses on the efficiency comprising of division like bureaucratic, administrative and scientific management. While other management theories have evolved since then, classical management approaches are still used today by many small-business owners to build their companies and to succeed.
Administrative and Scientific Management
Consequently, administrative management puts more emphasis on the consistent flow of information within the organization (Tate, 2017). Consequently, scientific management is focused on the 'one best way' of doing the job.
Therefore, the founders of this school of thought are forged in the history as the Universalists of management. Their ideas of management are still used in the contemporary organizations (Jonga, 2014).The managers of current organizations still borrow from their ideas in managing the organizations.
Fredrick Taylor and Scientific Management
Further, the most influential management guru of the classical regime was Fredrick Taylor who was an engineer in America (Castlellini & Riso, 2016). This great philosopher was featured during hard times when the companies were facing serious managerial problems and therefore there was the need for suitable strategies to address this challenges that brought industrial revolution in organizations.
Engineer Taylor, therefore, developed and formalizes the scientific principles of management which are up to day still used in the organizations (Castle & Riso, 2016). Therefore, scientific management, as noted by Tate (2017), refers to the approach in scientific management theory which emphasizes on the scientific study work methods for the purpose of improving the efficiency of the worker. However, there are also some core tenets which distinguish the scientific management from other existing schools of management thought that followed it.
Core Principles of Management
Taylor proposed the some core principles of management that can be used in the management of an organization. The first principle is corporation. It requires workers and employers to fully cooperate with each other for their own benefit and that of the organization. Division of work and responsibility is the next principle. It requires employees to be allocated to work according to their level of expertise. The management should be liable for planning work methods, and the employees should execute the allocated work accordingly. The third principle is careful selection of workers. The employees should be trained through scientific methods to develop suitable methods of executing the given work. In conclusion, these principles play a vital role in modern day organization.
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- Castellini, M., & Riso, V. (2016). Agency theory applied to the Italian Revenue Agency: Accountability policies as bonding costs. European Scientific Journal, 12(34).
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- Tate, J. F. (2017). An exploratory study on the improvement of the army rapid acquisition process (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Walden University).