present, practice production (PPP)

I'll follow the present, practice, production (PPP) standard process in this lesson. Stages 1 through step 10 make up the presentation stages. phases 11 through 14 are the practice phases. The production steps run from stages 15 to 18.

I'll go over the listening instruction as the first activity in this lesson. I will read a warm-up tale to the students after the review phase. The substance of the warm-up tale should be related to the lesson plan from the previous lesson, I'll ask the students. I introduce the lesson by telling the tale of Natasha, a 5-year-old who was raised by stray canines and cats. I will then introduce cards with phrases in passive form to enable every student to understand the topic better. Students will analyse the cards in groups. I will read out the vocabularies and students write them down. The students will be helped to use the vocabularies explained in the previous stage in forming sentences. I will give an assignment to test students' understanding of the lesson. I will ask the students to identify sentences where the vocabularies were found from the listening lesson stories. From here I will highlight some of the passive phrases encountered in the previous lesson.

My students will also learn about passive voice. I will explain some concepts to them. I will also highlight some of the passive phrases encountered in the listening lesson and introduce the phrases in cards. In the next stage, students will be introduced on how to form passive phrases. The structure "to be + past participle will be introduced to the students in this stage." I will guide the students to ensure that they understand the use of the "past participle" of a transitive verb and the verb of the form "to be" in forming a passive phrase. I will guide the students in working in forming passive phrases. I will then require them to form passive voice phrases with my help. In the next step, the students will learn how to change a sentence to Past Simple Passive.

The other step is to guide students on how to form sentences in passive voice. Students will be given an assignment to form sentences in passive form. Students will be required to write a summary of what they have learnt in the lesson. Responses are analyzed and those of student's facing difficulties are accorded the necessary support as the lesson comes to an end.

In the next stage, I will introduce the students to the process of passive voice formation. I will give notes to the students as they write them down. After this stage I will introduce the concepts of past participle, and present perfect passive consequently. I will highlight some of the past participle examples. The students will form passive sentences.

The next step will involve breakdown of passive sentence formation. The other stages will involve; controlled and free practice, revision, review, homework and the closing stage.

After break down, I will perform illustration of the concept learned in this lesson. The students will be given a quiz to test their understanding of the lesson. Students will demonstrate their understanding of the topic at this stage.

I will guide the students on how to handle some tasks. In this stage, I will help the students to use the vocabularies above in forming sentences

I will ask the students what they have learned so far in the lesson. In this stage, I will take the students through everything learned in the lesson. The students will be revising what they have already learned

I will give an example of passive phrases as the students write them down. I will provide more example of passive voice phrases to the students. I will provide students with an exercise to work on their own. I will also perform an assessment test to the students. An evaluation test will be given to the students. Students will be taking an assessment task.

I will then give homework to the students. Students will be required to explain their understanding of the lesson. Students with less understanding of the lesson will be accorded the necessary help.

Practice Activities.

Free Practice

Games involve students actively in learning and listening activities. Gaming is not only found in the computers. It can be created with relevant information that needs to be covered in the topic. In teaching passive forms, I will major in games to make sure all my students have the correct ideas on forming structured sentences. These games will enable the student to have a basic introduction, learn how to make sentences using present, past and active tenses. By the end of the games, the student will have learned how to use passive forms correctly.

Writing, reading, speaking and listening activity. True/false

In this activity, I will provide students with a no/yes question that will be forming passive sentences. Students will also be free to ask and answer questions involving past simple passive and present perfect passive. I will then check the questions they have formed after they are through. An example of the question I will use is, 'were you afraid of the monkey's sound today.' If the answer is yes, the student will use the name of that person in that sentence and asks another question to gain more information, e.g. 'why were you afraid of the sound.' When all the question is answered, the students will provide the feedback on what they have learned about passive form on the sentences. Example, Richard was afraid of monkey's sound today.'

Matching, listening and reading activity. Concept checking

In this activity, I will divide the class into pairs and instruct the students to write down five passive sentences with their active equivalents. This game involves matching passive and active sentences. After completing the sentences, I will guide the students to group the sentences into four joint groups. I will give each group with a set of passive and active sentences card for them to shuffle and turn them over to read the sentences. As one group reads the sentences loudly, the other students should listen carefully trying to find other cards with the same meaning. In case a card has the same meaning as the card reader, the person who has seen it should 'snap' and will be the winner who keeps that pair of the card. At the end of the game, the student who will have many pairs of cards will be the winner.

Controlled Practice

The main objective of controlled practice method of teaching is to ensure provision of practice and review of verb forms and passive structures.

First procedure

Engage students. I will show the students two quotes and draw student's attention by asking them to provide the similarities they can review in the grammar.

Second procedure

Test the knowledge of the students on passive grammar. I will provide them with a gap-filling test for every student do. I will then mark the work giving the correct answers.

Third procedure

Clarification. I will give the students' pairs of sentences to choose the correct match on pairs. I will then ask the question on how to use past forms according to the pairs. I will then instruct the students to write the passive forms in pairs giving the correct matches.

Fourth procedure

Controlled practice. In this stage I will give the students an assignment to work on rewriting sentences into passive forms. I will thereafter, write the correct answers on the board.

Fifth procedure

In this final procedure I will provide students with chats for them to use as they talk and share different ideas on what they know about passive voices.

Example of passive phrases used in this lesson

He didn't eat meat He has not been eating meat

He was living with wolves He has been living with wolves

He never learned to speak He has not been eating

The boy ran very fast. The boy has been running very fast

The children were raised by wolves The wolves have been raising the children

Vocabularies to be learned in the lesson

bringing up children, legend, autistic, kidnaping, jungle, disprove

Global listening task questions

What are the stories all about?

What did you learn from the stories?

Why do you think the stories are relevant?

Comprehension Questions

State whether the following statements are true or false.

Dina never went home with humans? Expected answer false

The most famous legend is Romulus. Expected answer true

The twin boys were not raised by a wolf. Expected answer false

Marina lived with monkeys. Expected answer true.

Checking questions for the vocabularies learnt

Use any of the vocabularies learnt in this lesson to form a sentence in passive voice.

How do you tell that a sentence is in passive voice?

Use the knowledge learnt in this lesson to form three sentences in active form and convert them to passive form.

Post listening stage task

I will ensure that the students have understood what they have leant by asking them questions in a randomized and unexpected way. Students will be required to write a summary of what they have learned in the lesson.


The instructions to be given to the students are as discussed herein above in this paper.

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