Migration is a crucial element for every nation. Some benefits usually arise as a result of migration. For example, the creation of social and financial benefits primarily to the migrants for their families and even their countries of origin. Sometimes workers travel overseas to look for employment which will improve the standard of life for both themselves and their relatives left behind (Bansal et al., 2005, p.100). The wages remunerated to the migrants leads typically to a surplus of money in the economy. Such a surplus amount forms the most significant flow of capital to most of the developing countries. It is, therefore, to take a substantial look at the policy of migration and services as it will affect the level of the workforce in all the countries (Castles, 2010, p.1570). A study that was conducted shows that a decrease in the number of migrants will affect the economy negatively due to the reduction of the number of population available for employment. This will lead to an increased level of dependency in some countries. The countries that will mostly affect are the ones that have major restrictions on the migration of individuals into their nation. It is also significant for people to care about migration and services because of the competitiveness and economic stability it creates in a country (Mahler and Pessar, P.R., 2006, p.40).
The general principles of the migration and service policy include; Focusing on the needs of the migrants where an integrated approach should be considered with the aim of providing assistance and empowering the migrants (Gushulak and MacPherson, 2006, p.3). Another principle is the identification of the rights of all the migrants irrespective of their legal status. The rights of the migrants should be respected. Further, there is the principle on building partnerships for the migrants which support and coordinates the activities of every migrant. According to Tanenbaum and Van Steen, (2007,p.879), another principle of the migration and service policy is on helping the migrants to return to their respective nations in case they are unable to reach their various destinations.
The principle of working along with the migratory trails forms part and parcel of migration and service policy where various movements help in the restoration of different family links by looking at the different risks that may occur in the course of the migrants' journey (MacPherson et al., 2007, p.200). Additionally, there is the principle of response to the displacement of populations which is as a result of massive movements. Some of the displacement may lead to conflicts and violence. Lastly is the principle of alleviation of migratory pressures on the origin of communities which deals in support of both the economic and social distress.
The primary goal of the research was to find out the significance of migration on the service provision in most of the countries especially those that have policies which embrace entry of the migrants. Another objective was to find out the importance of migration specifically the impacts on the economic stability of a nation. Also, the study focused on the principles of the policy of migration and services. From the research, it has been established that migration affects the economic stability of a nation in the sense that it increases the level of the workforce. Also, the wages paid to the migrants bring in a flow of capital into a country especially when they become surplus. It is believed that such capital generated from the surplus payments made to the migrants forms the most significant source of revenue for a nation.
The findings also show the various principles of migration and services policy.Such principles include, assisting the migrants in return for the services they provide, response to displacement of populations, alleviation of pressures from the migrants on the origin of various communities, identification of the rights of multiple migrants and provision of support of migrants' aspirations. Another principle is the building of partnerships for different migrants.
Sajid Javid put some suggestions in the policy brief on migration and services which include, all the elected officials, council workers and other civil servants who are migrants should make a loyalty pledge (Sakeenah, 2010, p.356). It was expected that all the migrants should be forced to swear an oath to all the values of the British which were to be under the plans of the government in the immigration department. The values that the loyalty oath was to cover included tolerance, equality, and democracy. Another recommendation was to support all the communities irrespective of their origin, background, and culture. The assistance that was provided to the society was to promote unity in the nation to build a country with decency and togetherness.
According to Sarfraz et al., (2010, p.45) Sajid also suggested on the building of new houses to accommodate the rising population which mainly attributed to the increasing number of migrants in the United Kingdom. Lastly, he recommended for the education of all the migrants to be able to speak English which would indicate the respect for the way of life as practiced in United Kingdom (Al-Momani et al., 2010, p.234).
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