immigrant policing, Disposable Labor and Global Capitalism

These are chapters from a book edited volume. The book does not belong to me. I only have copies of the book's chapters.

Tanya Golash Boza is a writer and philosopher. She graduated from the University of Maryland with a B.A. in philosophy.

She is currently a philosophy professor at the University of California.

She is a prolific author who has written numerous books and articles. Many of her publications have received awards including her latest book Deported: immigrant policing, Disposable Labor and Global Capitalism.

Her link to her academic qualifications is

Theory Used in The Article/Research Questions or Thesis

When I was in Guatemala in 2009, I witnessed thousands of deportations like Eric returning to their countries of birth. When I returned in 2013, I found that deportations had accelerated even further (Golash-Boza, 2015).

Methodology (if applicable)

Interviews and observation were used as methodology while carrying out the research.

Quotes from the Original Text

The United States is deporting more people than ever before. Obama hit an all-time record of high of more than 400, 000 deportees in 2012 (Golash-Boza, 2015).

Write a fake introductory email to the author here:

Dear Golash-Boza

My name is Monica Lewinsky. I am currently taking a class at known as Immigration And Ethnic Relations In The United States with Dr.Lewis at ASU. In our class, we read one of books by the name Deported. I enjoy reading your books and articles since you clearly elaborate on the issue of deportation and how much it has affected the people. I look forward to reading most of your books even outside class so that I can get more information on deportation. I would like to thank you for your incredible research and appreciate the work you do.


Monica Lewinsky

Golash Boza

From the articles most of the deportees deported from the US are innocent. Deportees can either be welcomed back by their governments or rejected because they are associated with crimes. The US free most of its prisoners but banishes all deportees for life. Therefore, deportees will eventually live in their countries of origin mostly in Latin America and the Caribbean. Countries look for alternatives for the deportees by giving them jobs (Golash-Boza, 2015). For instance, in Guatemala, the government blames the deportees for the social crimes committed. Both the Jamaican and Dominican governments blame the deportees for the crimes taking place in the countries. Most of the times, the deportees are innocent and do not involve themselves in social crimes. Most of the deportees who are fluent in speaking English work at call centers in Guatemala and the Dominican Republic and roughly get $400 as their salaries (Golash-Boza, 2015). The Dominican Republic, Jamaica, and Guatemala share social statuses such as poverty, insecurity and inequality. Deportees from Jamaica are viewed as criminals and said to be the failed migrants. As a result of this, they end up suffering from economic and social isolation. Most of the Jamaican deportees are homeless and suffer emotional trauma since they have been separated from people they love.

Most of the deportees are locked out of the formal labor market except in some cases when some are employed in the call centers (Hester, 2017). Deportees in the Dominican Republic are required to have cartas de buena conducta so that they can get employed in the formal sector. Most of the deportees have skills that could be useful to the republic, but due to stigmatization, they are not allowed to work by the government. Most of the deportees have not committed crimes in the US and are deported unfairly yet their countries of origin reject them instead of utilizing their skills. Such deportees can be used in promoting the success of the economy especially in countries like Jamaica and the Dominican Republic (Golash-Boza, 2015). Deportees are able people who have worked and lived in the US. The governments in their countries of origin should welcome them by giving them jobs and homes so that they can work and better the economy. The deportees should not only be allowed to work in call centers but in other sectors as well because they are qualified and have the necessary skills which should be exploited.

The Brazilian government is different from other governments in other countries. The government welcomes the deportees because it aims at exploiting their skills so that it can make its economy better (Hester, 2017). Brazil is ready to become the world’s sixth biggest economy after beating the United Kingdom. Brazil exploits the skills of the deportees since these people are skilled people and most of them have not committed crimes in the US. The Brazilian government appreciates the deportees and does not categorize them as deportees because they are able people compared to other people living in Brazil (Golash-Boza, 2015). Both the Brazilian governments and other citizens treat deportees accordingly and do not despise them since they believe in their abilities. The US deports fewer deportees to Brazil, but the Brazilian government treats them well and does not consider their characters but how they can help in boosting the economy. In my opinion, countries such as Jamaica and the Dominican Republic should learn from Brazil and welcome the deportees. Such countries need to exploit the skills in deportees and ensure their economies are boosted because deportees are able people. Deportees are separated from their loved ones suggesting that they do not need more trauma because of being rejected. They need support from their countries of origin so that they can get their lives back.

Most deportees face financial hardships because they leave their assets in the US. They are deported to their countries of origin without things and families they worked for yet they are banished from the US for life. Most of the deportees have acquired skills in the US since they have lived there for many years. Deportees leave their close family members behind and have to start new lives in their original countries despite facing rejection, stigmatization and being considered as criminals (Golash-Boza, 2015). Deportees travel to the US in search of better lives because they have seen other people; close members or friends succeed because of being in the US. The deportees worked initially for the US government thus are important in the global capitalism because they boost the economy of America. Most deportees would not have left their countries if they were well financially. Deportees endure great risks to enter America people they lack the necessary documents, therefore, use the ocean or land to get access to America. The deportees have to adapt to the American life style initially, and after being deported, they have to adapt to lives they have not been used to. The neoliberal cycle shows life from the time deportees enter America, the struggle they face, how they adapt to the lifestyle until the time they are deported back to their countries of origin.


Golash-Boza, Tanya. 2015. Deported: immigrant policing, Disposable Labor and Global Capitalism.Pp 1-19 in immigration and Ethnic Relations in the US., edited by New York University Press.

Hester, T. (2017). Deportation: The origins of U.S. policy.

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