W.E.B.Du Bois, Booker T. Washington and Marcus Garvey came up with different dreams in the twentieth century to rescue African Americans from the jaws of the whites. The rights of people who were freed from slavery were not secured by Civil War Restoration. Lynching, banning voting, and racial segregation ridiculed the rights granted by the amendments enacted on the 14th, 15th and 13th. During that time, the issue faced by the African Americans was how to react to the white culture that refused to treat blacks as human beings but less human beings. W.E.E. were the three key men who gave a range of solutions to that problem were W.E.B.Du Bois, Booker T. Washington and Marcus Garvey.
The Distinction between lives of Washington and DuBois, and how their Upcoming affect their Arguments
Booker T. Washington was born in 1856 in Virginia as a slave, but in his early life he managed to develop the need to learn and read. He enrolled in black high school that was 500 miles from home. He stressed the fact that African must aimed to educating themselves, investing in trades and also learning important businesses. He also believes that economic progress and hard work would attest to the white value of the blacks in the American economy. He also believes that his vision for the black people would result in equal political and civil rights in the country (Harlan). The whites recognized him as the spokesman of the blacks, even though most of the black men criticized him since he tolerated racial segregation during the anti-black discrimination and violence. By the time Washington died, racial discrimination laws and segregation laws were well established in Southern part of the United States.
On the other hand, Du Bois was born in Massachusetts in 1868 and he attended a racially integrated schools, before joining Harvard to complete his education.He believed that white discrimination was what kept the blacks from securing well-paying jobs. That is why Du Bois, envisioned for the establishment of the elite groups of very educated black leaders, who would lead the African Americans to secure equal rights besides higher economic standards. He works toward achieving equality for the blacks in the eyes of the Americans (BlackPast.org ). He criticized Washington for accepting racial segregation, claiming that it will only motivate the Americans to disallow African Americans their rights and ability to progress economically. Du Bois used National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) to push for the rights of the African Americans by organizing lawsuits, protests. Besides, he used editorial pages of the The Crisis, since Du Bois was the editor. Washington rejected this type of confrontation approach, but by the time he died, his Tiskegee vision had totally lost influence among the African Americans (Constitutional Rights Foundation).
The Person with the Best Arguments
The approach taken by Du Bois was the best, since it was later successful, but the one adopted by Washington was never supported fully by the African Americans,. His policy allowed discrimination and segregation which were hitting hard on the blacks. Even though the Washington approach was friendly, it would have taken years for the people to get their rights such as voting. That is why most of the African Americans rejected the Washington policy and adopt the Du Bois policy which was later successful, even if he was no longer a citizen of the United States (Constitutional Rights Foundation). For instance, Du Bois questioned the role played by NAACP on the racially amalgamated society, and this motivated him to resign as the editor. Even though Du Bois failed to participate in the black civil rights movements which took place between 1950s and 1960s, the rights of the African Americans were recognized after this uprising. This shows that his policy was accomplished by other people, unlike the Washington policy which was never implemented after he died (Constitutional Rights Foundation).
Both Du Bois and Washington played a very important role in fighting for the rights of the African Americans. Without the two leaders and others, such as Marcus Garvey, who together championed for the rights of the African Americans, the whites would have continued oppressing the blacks at their own expense. The Africans Americans were seen as less important people who can only be used for manual jobs and the whites believe that the African Americans have no rights. Even though the two leaders adopted different approaches to fight for the rights of the African Americans, both approaches were geared at ensuring that the oppressed people were treated equally just like the whites who were the majority. Their approaches vary because the two leaders had different backgrounds, so each was of them was working on a policy which he deemed relevant to rescue the African Americans in the hands of the whites. But the approach adopted by Du Bois was the best given that it later achieve its objectives even with the absence of the founder.
BlackPast.org . The Talented Tenth. 2007. 22 February 2017
Constitutional Rights Foundation. Three Visions for African Americans. 2014. 22 February 2017
Harlan, Louis R. “The Booker T. Washington Papers,.” Urbana: University of Illinois Press (1974): 583-587.