Climate Change as an Energy Problem In The World

The paper explores climatic trade as an energy problem in the world. The temperatures in the earth have been rising to some polynomial which makes the solar unbearable for human beings. This has resulted in issues referring to to sunburn and other skin associated diseases. Change in climate has been attributed to the emission of greenhouses gases in the atmosphere which motives the depleting of the ozone layer. In turn, the gases establish a layer that prevents the emission of heat out from the ecosystem resulting from the concentration of temperature on the earth. The greenhouse gases encompass methane and carbon (IV) oxide. The paper will provide strategies that will assist in controlling a number of the gases produced in the atmosphere. To get rid of this gases, burning of fossils and carbon-related product are the initial processes. Controlling its level will help in achieving a sustainable development on earth as well promoting the life of both plants and animals.

Climate change as energy problem

Climate change is an energy problem that seeks redress. Among all the perils facing the man in the world, climate change is the greatest threat the world has ever faced. People have affected climate more than people ever thought possible. The less fortunate in the society have been the first people to suffer due to issues relating to drought thus resulting in food shortages. This has resulted in a loss of lives for many people with ensuing conflicts threatening even more (Bard, Allen & Marye 141). These have made many parts of world unbearable and uninhabitable without artificial controls. The vast majority of carbon and greenhouse gases are major contributors to climate change in the world. These gases are produced in the atmosphere as people seek for energy. It calls for every person in the society to seek ways of reducing the energy problems. To solve these issues carbon production and coal burning must be reduced (Boyle 79). The strategies will require collective efforts from all stakeholders if the strategies are to be effective. Many countries have decided to venture in clean energy such as green energy and nuclear energy which also have their effects (Comai 836). However, use of nuclear energy creates deep fears as it relates to 1986 Chernobyl disasters. It is perceived as an inherently unsafe source of energy. The vast majority fears it as it can cause many casualties than any other source of energy. Various impediments deter the implementation of this strategy in mitigating vast effects of climate change. Cost and risk of nuclear being used as a weapon are the significant disadvantages that relate to this approach.

Climate change is an important issue that should be responded to in the most efficient ways possible because it interferes with energy production in the world, it also interferes with the lives of fauna and flora, and has resulted in rising temperatures in the world, and this has made the unbearable world place (Dale 753). Therefore, it exhibits more than enough reasons why climate change should be controlled in the safest and cheap ways to avoid extinction of both human and plants lives. The study will focus on management strategies that will reduce climate change as an energy problem, the advantages and disadvantages of various approaches. The global warming has been as a result of climate change which has led devastating effects in the society. Industrial activities, deforestation and burning of fossil fuels have led to release of high concentrations of heat energy that traps greenhouse gases into the atmosphere (Giddens 6). A certain percentage of these gases is essential to keep our climate warm. However, higher concentrations warm the earth to higher temperatures that threaten life in the planet. The release of methane and carbon (IV) oxide are the two gases that have exponentially increased due to human activity. It is very evident that overwhelming scientific consensus and real-life effects confirm to us that climate change is real and is primarily caused by human activity and it is a massive threat to human health, economy and environment (Gust, Thomas, & Ana 1890). The burning of fossils fuels produced energy that was used in propelling transporting machinery. Fossils fuels are a finite and unsustainable source of energy and combusting them lead to global warming. To solve this issue renewable source of energy is considered as well as finding better energy efficiency and design. Mitigation of carbon dioxide production can alter the world’s energy model. Transition to sustainable development model is the only way based on ability and equity (Herring 10). All the solutions should be directed toward an efficient use of clean sources of energy. Motor vehicles should use unleaded free petrol to reduce the amount of GHCs produced in the atmosphere that propels global warming.

Relationship between energy and climate change

Today, there is no any household which can undertake its daily activities without making use of any form of energy. The effect of power on climate change is contingent depends on the source of the fuel itself (Hoffert et al. 981) People use energy for cooking, transporting, lighting, manufacturing, communications and heating. The most common way of producing energy is through burning fossils like coal, oil and natural gas. These fuel s are burnt in industries, and the daily machinery people use both at home and industry (Hubbert 3). Through burning, energy is released. Through oxidation of these fuels by-products such as carbon dioxide and hydrocarbon gases are produced. Their emission in the atmosphere forms a layer that traps terrestrial radiations from going back to the atmosphere (Kim et al. 3259). This depletes the ozone layers and thus causing temperatures to rise in the earth. These gases trap heat on the earth rather than letting the heat out in the atmosphere. Industrial revolution resulted in using of heavy machinery that requires more energy to run them thus meaning that more carbon dioxide is produced in the atmosphere.

Currently, the level of GHGs stands at 30% which has made the earth to be much warmer. The sources of energy that do not add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere are being sought. Use of low carbon energy could avoid much higher costs that are likely to attribute to global warming. The energy prices have been changing over time due to wanting climatic change. The latter causes decline in the amount of annual rainfall, which causes rivers to dry up or rather reduce their water level (Hubbert 20). Due to this decline, the charges on electric energy prices per unit of electricity rises. It also has added effects on the growth of economy because the production cost of commodities goes high, so it happens to the service industry.

Possible Solutions to Climate Change as Energy Problem

To take care of climatic change as an energy problem various solution has been put forward that are meant to ensure that the level of GHGs is reduced considerably. Most vehicles use petrol and diesel which emit a lot of carbon gas which is a major contributor to global warming that results to climate change (MacKay 30). Scientists have brought forward artificial photosynthesis of hydrogen fuel which is sustainable, nuclear energy, green energy, use of renewable sources of fuel, restriction on the burning of fossil fuels especially coal.

Artificial photosynthesis of hydrogen fuel

The process involves the creation of fake leaves to imitate the process. It is suggested that a specific molecule can replicate nature for hours at a time. The supramolecule is made from two material that speeds up chemical reactions after being absorbed by light. The molecule can complete the photosynthesis to be feasible (Manne, Alan & Richard 45). It includes absorption of light, moving electrical charges and speeding up chemical reactions as a result leading to hydrogen production. The process can produce hydrogen at a rate of 10% efficiency. With the production of hydrogen fuel, the volume of carbon dioxide produced in the atmosphere will considerably reduce. The artificial leaf has an efficiency of 22%. Different companies that have adopted the move have an objective of reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by 900 tonnes each year. The photosynthetic process gets the greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. The process has the following advantages: it is a great way of imitating photosynthesis to create a clean fuel, produces fuel that has enough power to drive vehicles from the basic components necessary for photosynthesis (Manne, Alan & Richard 45). The process makes the carbon dioxide more economically efficient, it generates an endless and inexpensive supply of clean gas or fuel and possesses the potential to generate more than one type of fuel. The process has its limitations as well that include: most tests have been inefficient and unsustainable, the technology cannot be used widely since it requires solar energy, and it involves a lot trial and error (Manne, Alan & Richard 45). It is manageable on a small scale yet to get rid of the substantial amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere it should be done in large scale. It is quit costly to operate.

Making use of renewable sources of energy

A fuel source that can provide energy for man indefinitely if a man takes care of it falls under the renewable energy category. Different types of energy exist which man should consider as alternative sources of energy to reduce the devastating effects of global warming. People have utilised solar energy, wind energy, and the earth itself. However, much reliance cannot be put on this source because they tend to influenced by nature. Additionally, have a tendency to be seasonal and cannot be applied worldwide since some places in the earth receive few hours of sun and winds as well. Solar energy is the most used energy. It is advantageous since it is clean and can be stored (Nisbet 12). On the other hand, it is not reliable and cannot be used in places where a large amount of energy is required. Wind power is important since it does not pollute the air or water, it involves no toxic or hazardous substances and has no threat to public safety. Its main problem is that it is the limited of sites with a steady wind. Flowing water is another source of renewable energy than generating hydroelectric power (Tachibana 511). It is expensive in its initial installations, has detrimental environmental effects, causes silting and erosion, cause gabions, encourage the growth of weeds, the spread of diseases and can result in flooding in case of dam failures (Nisbet 12). For all these sources to be renewable, a precedent must subsist for the ability to renew to be achievable. Weather conditions affect the renewable source of energy considerably more than any other factor. Catastrophic events such as floods, earthquakes and hailstorms can interfere with the efficiency of these sources. The use of reusable sources of energy has proved to work well in a small scale industry (Osman 45). Renewable sources of energy are quite unpredictable and undependable.

Nuclear energy

The reserves of fossils have continued to decline over time, and other sources of energy have to be developed. Nuclear power is another source of energy that can be used. However, it poses huge risks to human health and safety. As much the source reduces the number of greenhouse gases produced in the atmosphere it produces more risk to human life than benefits it provides especially when it is exposed to the environment (Ploetz et al. 45). When proper management and shielding is done on this source, it can have great contributions to the human living because it is an inexhaustible source of energy. Its production is done in safe places that are not habitable by fauna and flora. Some of its disadvantages include nuclear waste that can be so catastrophic, it cannot be controlled, it avoids problems relating to fossil fuels such as harmful gases, it is unsafe, high amount of waste cannot be cleaned, and its dangerous nature can be disastrous too. Nuclear energy is produced by the fusion of atoms, through the process zero greenhouse gases are emitted (Spence et al. 49). The only emitted product is helium.

The table below provides a summary of different ways of dealing with climate change as an energy problem in the world today

Artificial photosynthesis

Renewable Sources of Energy

Innovation in Nuclear Energy

Advantages:

It is clean source of energy

Reduces amount of carbon (iv) oxide in the atmosphere

It imitates the natural photosynthetic process

It uses solar energy which is a clean source of energy.

It is cheap

Clean source

Readily available

Easy to tap from nature

It can be stored, for example, solar energy.

It reduces amount of carbon iv oxide in nature

It is a clean source of energy

Does not emit greenhouse gases.

Produces a high amount of energy.

It requires small space for its production.

Disadvantages

It is yet to embrace large-scale production.

It is limited to areas that experience solar energy more often.

It is yet to be implemented in undeveloped countries

Not reliable and undependable

It is contingent to a precedent

It is limited to certain geographical areas.

Require steady supply

It is catastrophic

Radioactive when exposed to the environment

Conclusion

From the above description, it is quite evident that climate change is a huge energy problem to the sustainable development of the world. It is, therefore, important for people to employ science, technology in managing climate change by reducing the amount of carbon (IV) oxide production in the atmosphere that causes global warming. Use of the renewable source of energy, nuclear energy and artificial photosynthesis has been sought as the best means of dealing with the menace. The strategies mitigate the problem by reducing the greenhouse gas produced.

Works Cited

Bard, Allen J., and Marye Anne Fox. “Artificial photosynthesis: solar splitting of water to hydrogen and oxygen.” Accounts of Chemical Research 28.3 (2005): 141-145.

Boyle, Godfrey. Renewable energy: power for a sustainable future. Vol. 2. OXFORD university press, 2007: 79

Comai, Luca. “The advantages and disadvantages of being polyploid.” Nature reviews. Genetics 6.11 (2005): 836.

Dale, Virginia H. “The relationship between land‐use change and climate change.” Ecological applications 7.3 (2007): 753-769.

Giddens, Anthony. “The politics of climate change.” Cambridge, UK (2009). 6

Gust, Devens, Thomas A. Moore, and Ana L. Moore. “Solar fuels via artificial photosynthesis.” Accounts of chemical research 42.12 (2009): 1890-1898.

Herring, Horace. “Energy efficiency—a critical view.” Energy 31.1 (2006): 10-20.

Hoffert, Martin I., et al. “Advanced technology paths to global climate stability: energy for a greenhouse planet.” science298.5595 (2002): 981-987.

Hubbert, M. King. “Nuclear energy and the fossil fuel.” Drilling and production practice. American Petroleum Institute, 2012.

Kim, Dohyung, et al. “Artificial photosynthesis for sustainable fuel and chemical production.” Angewandte Chemie International Edition 54.11 (2015): 3259-3266.

MacKay, David. Sustainable Energy-without the hot air. UIT Cambridge, 2008.

Manne, Alan Sussmann, and Richard G. Richels. Buying greenhouse insurance: the economic costs of carbon dioxide emission limits. MIT press, 2001

Nisbet, Matthew C. “Communicating climate change: Why frames matter for public engagement.” Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development 51.2 (2009): 12-23.

Osman, Areeg Abdelgader Mohamed. Renewable Energy Advantages and Disadvantages. Diss. Sudan University of Science and Technology, 2016.

Ploetz, Reinhard, Rusdianasari Rusdianasari, and Eviliana Eviliana. “RENEWABLE ENERGY: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES.” Proceeding Forum in Research, Science, and Technology (FIRST) 2016. Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya, 2016. 34

Spence, Alexa, et al. “Perceptions of climate change and willingness to save energy related to flood experience.” Nature climate change 1.1 (2011): 46-49.

Tachibana, Yasuhiro, Lionel Vayssieres, and James R. Durrant. “Artificial photosynthesis for solar water-splitting.” Nature Photonics 6.8 (2012): 511-518.

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