The Broken Window: A Policing Paradigm
The broken window is a policing paradigm first discussed by Kelling and Wilson in a seminal article in 1982. (Kelling & Coles, 2010). The model's optimal role is to focus on the significance of diseases that produce and maintain violent crimes. However, the disorder is not specifically related to violent offenses, but rather leads the police to heightened withdrawal and fear from people who allow high-class crime to occur due to poor levels of public control records. The police also take part in this because they disrupt the process by focusing on the less severe crime as well as the disorders of the neighborhoods that have not yet caused serious offense (Eipseten &Widom, 2012). With this, the police help the residents to reduce withdrawal and fear. The model of policing also promotes the higher levels of social control by helping the residents take care of themselves by preventing serious crime from infiltrating.
Seattle Policing Models Departments
A case study in the Seattle Police Department (SPD) showed that there were short descriptions of current practices that matched with the ideas and literature of effective policing (Glenn, 2013). For instance, the SPD had incorporated street segments that had high volumes of two linear Patrol models which dealt with place-based policing and criminal hotspots. The first model focused on density hot spots that had called for services. For instance, in West Precinct, the downtown business undertook efforts to use the assigned activities of the 911 calls extensively (Beckett, 2014). Based on the Koper Curve Principles, the police were expected to be in places that had the highest crime street blocks for not less than 15 minutes immediately the emergency call was made (Reed, 2013).
The second model was the deployment patrol whose role was to gauge the probability of locations that were hotspots of property crime particularly when they were approximately 70% of criminal activities in the cities. The model utilized the predictive analysis from policing, and Predpol software's used by the Los Angeles Police (Oswaldo, 2015). The department also monitored the effectiveness of the software by recording the number of high crimes that occurred.
Community Procedural and Policing Justice
The SPD also participated in programs that dealt with prostitution offenders and a low-level drug known as the LEAD (Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion). The LEAD purpose was to link all offenders with services and treatments that made their lives better through the diversion of the criminal justice system immediately they are arrested (Beckett, 2014). Once the criminals have completed the intake process, the charges were not filed. However, the SPD had no standard approach to their work because despite having dedicated squad of officers, each of them had long-term precinct to work by dealing with the community group issues.
The teams were determined to find out the cause of problems by identifying different strategies as well as utilizing multiple resources that had long-term solutions. The community Police teams, on the other hand, used websites that described how the officer's work would establish security within communities (Worrall, 2011). It was, therefore, their duties to analyze any challenges in the societies, recognize the sight of every movement and to understand the ongoing concerns and problems around the neighborhoods (Perry, 2013).
The broken window as seen in this article was meant to arrest criminals by use of brain disorder symptoms which made individuals commit a crime. Despite the fact that police followed the trail of disorders, Seattle used the broken window to form a model that collected data of how citizens of the community reacted to crime. Through policing model, the law enforcement incorporated segments that analyzed criminal hotspots.
Beckett, K. (2014). Seattle’s law enforcement lessons learned from the first two years. Law, Societies & Justice Program and Department of Sociology.
George L. Kelling, C. M. (2010). Fixing Broken Windows: Restoring Order And Reducing Crime In Our Communities. Simon and Schuster.
Glenn, R. W. (2013). Training the 21st Century Police Officer: Redefining Police Professionalism for the Seattle Police Department. Rand Corporation.
Joel C. Epstein, R. W. (2012). Solving Crime Problems in Residential Neighborhoods: Comprehensive Changes in Design, Management & Use. DIANE Publishing.
Perry, W. L. (2013). Predictive Policing: The Role of Crime Forecasting in Law Enforcement Operations. Rand Corporation.
Reed, W. E. (2013). The Politics of Community Policing: The Case of Seattle. Routledge.
Terán, O. (2015). Societal Benefits of Freely Accessible Technologies and Knowledge Resources. IGI Global.
Worrall, J. L. (2011). Police Administration use of websites to enhance security. Cengage Learning.