A teacher may use the lesson plan as a collection of specific instructions to explain how a lesson will proceed. It serves as a roadmap for the course's overall learning. The specifics of the class plans, however, change depending on the instructor and their preferences. More specifically, the specifics will rely on the student's needs and the subject being studied. The primary purpose of the plan is to direct the teacher in organizing the materials needed to achieve the goal for the lessons' planned results. Furthermore, the lesson plan records the information to be taught so that in case of the instructor's absence another teacher can disseminate the exact information to the student? It also allows the teacher to plan the length of the lesson as well as ensuring the consistency of the information during the lesson.

Lesson plan Week

Name: Date:

TP No: Time (minutes): 40 Level: Pre-intermediate


The main aim of the lesson is:

To ensure that student practice speaking English on a daily basis.

To develop the student's grammar skill such as the proper word order.

For students to be able to identify, create and understand prepositions of time such that they develop the appropriate skill to use 'at,' 'in' and 'on' in sentences in the context of time.


Whiteboard, markers, flash cards (date/month)

Realia: display box, rock


A preposition is any word that is capable of linking a noun or pronoun to other parts of the sentence. Today's lesson, we will learn how a preposition can be used to show time.

A preposition is used to:

Head a prepositional phrase

They are used for complementing phrases

They are used for modifying phrases

I will be teaching the use of 'at' 'in' and 'on' in the context of time. Also, I will encourage the student to develop prepositional phrases.

The students will be provided with questions that will explain the meaning and functions of the provided prepositions. More so the questions will be in different tense to equip the students will proper skill to use the proper word order while using the prepositions in a sentence.


What is a preposition?

They are words that can be used to link either a noun or a pronoun with the rest of the sentence. When used in a sentence it shows the direction, time or location, and sometimes it introduces an object.

Prepositions that show time


Used to;

Indicate unspecific times during a day, month, season, year:

He always read a newspaper in the afternoon.

In the summer season, we have a rainy season for a few weeks.

The new semester will start in September.

Indicate a location or place:

He looked me directly in the eyes.

We are currently residing in a hotel.

My city is Los Angeles in California.

Indicate a shape, color, or size:

This painting is mostly in brown.

The learners stood in a circle.

This jacket comes in different sizes.

Express while doing something:

In preparing for the final examination, we revised several times.

A slogan needs to be impressive in marketing a product.

Indicate a belief, opinion, interest, or feeling:

I believe in life after death.

We are not interested in swimming.


Used to;

Point out specific time:

I will meet you at 1 p.m.

The bus will stop here at 4:45 p.m.

Show location:

There is a party at the house.

There were thousands of individuals at the park.

We saw a baseball game at the stadium.

Indicate an email address

Please email me at [email protected].

Indicate an activity:

He laughed at my acting.

I am good at drawing a portrait


I used to;

Express a surface of something:

We put an egg on the kitchen table.

The plate is on my desk.

Specify days and dates:

The garbage truck comes on Mondays.

I was born on the 17th day of June in 1987.

Indicating a device, such as a phone or a laptop:

Mark is on the phone.

She was on the computer since morning.

My favorite series will be on TV tomorrow night.

Indicate a part of the body:

The stick hit me on my head.

He kissed me on my lips.

I wear a bangle on my hand.

Indicate the state of something:

Everything in this store is on sale.

The house is on fire.

The use of a rock and box as an illustrative material.


Aim of stage

Pre text, leading in and to establish context and to practice speaking

To pre teach the preposition with time expression

To practice speaking and engage students in the context

To pre-teach students on preposition with time expression

To pre-teach students vocabulary

To set a sub context





Pre -teach


For students to practice speaking fluency through prediction.











7.5 Interaction










S-S Procedural steps

Techer to ask Students to raise hands if they know what preposition is. Then each student should give an example of the preposition. Tell students to work in groups and let them compile a list of all the prepositions they know. Later the student should work in pairs try to use the prepositions they have listed with time expressions.

CCQs: What is a preposition?

Write the preposition to be learned on the white board

CCQs: are 'in' 'at' and 'on' prepositions of time?

Model and drill, write on the white board and elicit form.

Write some sentences on the white board.

Ask the students to use the prepositions on the flash cards to complete the sentences. Provide half the class with the prepositions while the other half with the nouns. Tell the student to match the preposition with the appropriate noun by filling in the blank spaces.

Allow them 5 minutes to complete the work.

Students to provide feedback to questions that require prepositions expressing time.

CQQs: It rained ____Monday. Jane was born___April.

Model and drill, write on the whiteboard the proper form.

Group students into two, each hand them a set of cards; students are instructed to spread cards on the table with the words faced down; students each take a turn at picking a card and saying the preposition.

Game: let us see which group arranged them correctly; first, I'll go around to look…

DEMONSTRATION: Take display box (with beige rock)

When we speak time, there are some important words that show relationships between two things.

The rock is in the box.

The rock is on the box.

The rock is under the box.

The rock is beside the box.

Concept check by putting the rock in 3 different positions-working with the display box & rock

Ask: "where is the box?" (T sits on student level, students sit at one table)

Put the rock next to the box ___under the box, in the box.

Similarly, we use 'in,' 'on,' and 'at' to express time

'in' for periods of the day, weeks, months, seasons, years, and long periods

'on' for days and dates

'at' for exact time of day

CCQ: do we say…

The train arrives at 3 o'clock?

Have we to catch the plane on Monday?

Are we going on a holiday in the summer?

TASK: Time expressions (in/at/on, or no preposition - gap fill worksheet (answers key)

Complete the time expressions with in/at/on, or no prepositions.

At six O'clock on Saturday

_____ last night on Monday morning

In the weekend in April

In the evening ____ yesterday evening

______January 18 _____ summer

In the 1960s ____ two weeks ago

_____the other day ____ this morning

At midnight

Allow them 6 minutes to complete the work.

Ask the students the uses of preposition 'in,' 'on,' 'at.'

Practice saying these eight dates using different prepositions of time. The dates are in numbers, you say them in words

03 February,

6 April,

July 12,

25 Dec,

23 June,

1 May,

January 13

Oct 31

Feedback: which ones were hard?

CCQs: if we say "at 6 O'clock". Does it point out specific time?

The train arrives at 3 o'clock?

The teacher will come at 6 o'clock.

Write on the white board.

CCQs: if we say "on the table." Does it mean it's on the surface?

Write on the board.

Have we to catch the plane on Monday?

T asks "What does it mean when we use 'in' before the year?"

Eg In 2004

we are going on a holiday in 2017.

Jane was born in 2000.

Hand students different flash cards. Ask the students to discuss in pairs and construct sentences using the prepositions they have learned.


Describing time:

Last: the period before, day, week, month

This: the coming period, evening, week, month, season

Next: the period following another, day, time, year.

That refers to a period in the past, month, year, etc.

Every: frequency, day, year, month, season, etc.

Some: frequency, time, day

Work in pairs. When did you last__?

Go to the cinema

Note: you and your partner must each record each other's use of prepositions.

Do we record everything?

play a sport

go to a party

do an exam

have a holiday

get a present

buy some clothes

go online

cook a meal

Students each say the prepositions of their partner


In conclusion the lesson was on prepositions where we covered the regarding the expression on time. The prepositions covered were 'in' 'on' and 'at.' The methods of teaching in use were explanation, discussion, and demonstration or illustrations. Prepositions were explained to the students who later engaged in a discussion. Teaching aids like flash cards, rock and box were used to as illustrators. The lesson will be learner centered because it will basically involve the students most of the time.

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