A right determines the legal or moral right or birthright to possess an object or to be free to behave in a specific way. In the legal system, such contexts are generally justified as individualistic rights to property as well as positions such as maturity and the right to earn money after work (Donnelly, 2013).
The term legal right is used to denote a person’s mandated authority or power to transact, or to conduct, or to possess property, and the limits of which are provided for by statute. Moral law contains the rights that belong to a person based on the products of his social work. It clarifies the boundaries of work ethics and property rights in the work place as well as within the society. On the other hand, human rights are universally inheritable rights to equal treatment, justice, freedom and dignity to humanity in the societies (Haakonssen, 2017).
Notably, these rights define the organization of any society in the context of civilization and title ownership in the statutes. Thus, they sum up to the content of law to safeguard the human principles and dignity.
What three (3) features define a moral right?
As defined earlier on, moral rights provide the boundary within which the human integrity and dignity at work is perceivable. Such contexts involve ethics and morals. Therefore, three major features discussed may help to define the same content. First, it provides the link between the producer and the work produced. The worker may own the work for a lifetime
Secondly, the concept allows privileged acknowledgment of every aspects of work context as to the origin and the consumption within the society. Lastly, the rights are privately owned and cannot be given away to anyone else.
How do we know that people have rights? What is the basis of the moral rights according to a utilitarian view? According to Immanuel Kant?
Rights are the fundamental components of existence. Everybody in any country has his or her rights provided for within the constitutions as well as the natural law, which gives every person the right to live free and equal in the world. Rights are universal in their contexts and provide equal chances to people in the societies.
Utilitarian argues that the happiness level of an event defines the moral contexts of an event. This way, moral rights are definitive to maximum happiness within the society as well as at the individual levels. This theory holds a lot of truth based on the human utility contexts of such organization within communities. Contrariwise, Kant considers ethics as the basis of argument while defining moral rights of people in the society. The ethical concerns provide that the acts of such individual should not be to derive personal gain but promote equality in the end (Crane, & Matten, 2016).
Fully discuss the idea that human beings have a “natural right” to liberty and a “natural right” to private property, as claimed by John Locke (1632-1704).
According to John Locke, human beings are vested with inherent right. Everyone in the world has the capacity to exercise his or her will with no contradiction to the natural law. Nature plays the central figure as a supreme authority to individual and cohesive rights. Nonetheless, the societies emerged as units of human population to help humankind avoid the dangers within nature. This way, liberty is the product of these cohesive understandings within society (Dow, 2015).
In addition, a natural right to private property is provision for every member of a society to own properties on private basis. This mandates them to act as they wish regarding this property in question without authoritative interferences from the government.
Crane, A., & Matten, D. (2016). Business ethics: Managing corporate citizenship and sustainability in the age of globalization. Oxford University Press.
Haakonssen, K. (2017). 4 Early Modern Natural Law Theories. The Cambridge Companion to Natural Law Jurisprudence, 76.
Dow, D. C. (2015). Natural Rights. The Encyclopedia of Political Thought.
Donnelly, J. (2013). Universal human rights in theory and practice. Cornell University Press.