Henri Matisse formed the art of the 20th century with his artwork pieces influencing ideologies and art amongst fellow artist and audiences. The first half of the 20th century highlighted the commencing of fauvism, as an art and Matisse remain a core figure in the transformation. Matisse worked on a number pieces with each piece highlighting his artwork and personal life. The essay will highlight Henri Matisse’s artwork, life, and the influence of the same on the audience and the artwork world. Henri Matisse highlighted a diverse nature of art which include the pro fauvism period, fauvism and cubism.
Henri Matisse was a French artist who various in various aspects of art before majoring into the paint as a way of communicating with his audience. Other modes of art included sculpturing. He was born in 1986 and exposed to art at an earlier age. He also played part in creating an art revolution in France and inspiring a fauvism art in France and mimicking other previous artworks. Picasso created an art revolution adapted by Matisse (Block-Weiss & Matisse, 15-65).
According to Kassiandidou, Matisse highlighted aspects of artists representing themselves through paint and other forms of art (60). In Matisse, his art pieces represented a journey undertaken by the artist. The journey began with inspiration expressionism to the creation of a unique fauvism model adapted by various artist across Europe. The artist also mentored Picasso and inspired him through various pieces. The death of fauvism prompted the artist to adapt a different model that labeled him survive the art world to the middle of the 20th century (Matisse (Block-Weiss & Matisse, 19). His art pieces are well documented are exhibited across Europe and the USA. The artist connected his life to art and created a connection to his audience.
Pre Fauvism period
The period highlights Henri Matisse painting prior to the adoption of the fauvism model. The period was utilized to express himself and those around his artwork. The green stripe of 1905 highlighted a portrait of his wife described by aspects of impressionism and expressionism (Gordon 367-70). The artwork defined the realism aspects of art and highlighted the undefined period by Matisse. Matisse used the oil on canvas primarily to describe a red denominated theme. The domination of red was a defining model of Matisse art piece as it included aspects of German expressionism (Kassiandidou, 60-1). The period highlighted an art period under which Matisse lacked a clear identity. The period also highlighted the Carmelina of 1903, which highlighted Henri’s utilization of realism as a concept during his earlier piecework. The color fusion in the piece highlights a dynamic concept applied by Matisse. The neo-impressionist period highlighted diversity in the way of the display with a detailed background and a dominant color 7scheme. A period indicates a diverse nature and the need to create a clears identity. Realism is defined by the nature in which the artist utilizes the mirror to indicate behind the scene elements. The association of the model with the 19th century impressionism movements prompted the artist to create a new model and way of displaying art thus adapting fauvism (Kassiandidou, 60-1).
The emergence of Expressionism during the first of the 20th century highlighted the need for artists to align themselves with the art ideology. Henri Matisse pieces between the year1905 and 1910 highlighted a new piece of art. The method was later described as fauvism. Fauvism was characterized by “unrealistic colors” with lively brushstrokes. The model chosen highlighted a concept unique in the world of art. “Le Bonheur de Vivre” of 1906 highlighted Matisse’s shift from impressionism to fauvism style of art. The oil on canvas highlighted vivid colors to represent major elements within the portrait (Bellow 190). The artist combines complementary colors highlighting aspects of contemporary art replacing traditional lighting aspects. The Luxe, Calme et Volupte of 1904 represented a new element of fauvism with a lack of harmony in the nature of presentation while at the same time utilization of green, yellow and orange to highlight the dot paint technique a break away from the brushstroke technique utilized in his previous art piece. Color and images within the paints indicted themes of love serenity and created a connection between the audience and the artist (Bellow, 2013).
The “Red Studio” by Matisse highlighted a new aspect and a shift from fauvism and an adaptation of a renaissance movement. The oil on canvas of 1911 represented an end to the dominant vivid color brushstroke utilized by the artist in the previous pieces. The period created a positive balance between the background and color theme. The piece creates a single theme utilized by the artist. The artist creates a balance between the red domination and details within the setting. “The Dance” of 1910, created the aspect of realism and utilization of real colors with red represented the human figures while blue highlighting the background. The green color represents earth and created a harmony through the utilization of the three-color theme. The artwork highlighted the domination of the red color to highlight different aspects of style and theme (Bellow, 2013). Love and aspects of the earth are visible in the artwork with the foreground represented the detailed musical instrument. The two-piece highlighted Matisse love of music with a detail on the traditional aspect of music. The author shifts from the human realistic paint to adapt a cubism ideology.
After mentoring Picasso, it was time for the teacher to adapt a new model and Henri adapted realism as a model and as a way of connecting to his audience. The model is visible in the reading theme displayed in a red room of 1908 and self-portrait of the mid-1920’s. The model integrated aspects of realism, expressionism and outlined the decision by the artist to adapt various models that would attract a wider audience. The father of modern art expressed his desires to connect to different sections within the art world and focused on self-expression while displaying themes of love through color (Bellow, 204).
The model dominated the first and the second face of Henri’s artwork. The Blue Nude represents a new aspect of the point. According to Kassiandidou, the oil on canvas was an attempt by the artist to repair an earlier paint with blue color (61). The paint highlighted a female figure but at the same time highlight masculine concepts gave the muscular and unsymmetrical nature of the piece. The portrait creates unethical nature of the piece with fewer details on the background and clears expression of the female figure. The image elicited negative feedback from the audience with any highlighting the lack of professionalism and style in the nature of in, which the piece is displayed. The presentation of the woman figure as lacks proportionality and lacked artistic elements. The attempt to adapt realism created a further criticism from the art world with the comparison being drawn from his earlier works (Block-Weiss & Matisse 121). The public outcry highlights the downside of Henri as a fauvism and well-established artist.
Henri’s sculptures, included le serf, Nu Couche and awaking of 1904, 1907 and 1907 respectively (Gordon 378). The sculpture highlighted a similar theme with human figures being utilized and presented by the artist to its audience. The bronze sculptures represented the diverse manner in which the artist communicated with his audience. The nude bronze sculptures highlighted a single model sculpture adapted by the artist while presenting his piece to the audience. the masterpiece created a different aspect of his works and worked towards his relevance in the art world despite the death of fauvism in 1910 (Gordon 367-70).
The move to Nice
In 1917, Henri moved to Nice and highlighted a new chapter in his career. He shifted from cubism and developed a diverse nature of presenting art. The period was characterized by bright colors and at the same time indicated elements of live atmosphere. He shifted from aspects of expressionism and focused on female figures in both his paints and sculptures. The year 1929, represent an end of painting and a focus on the educational scene as he traveled to America. During his stay in Nice, the artist piece of art included a self-portrait of 1918 (Bellow 167-98). The piece highlighted a new element and introduced elements of realism. The shift to the south of France highlighted the low end of his career given the number piece he exhibited and the role of his family in the war in France. The post-war period would then end the painting career of Henri.
The period between 1900 and 1930 highlighted four sides of the artist with color highlighting different models deployed by the artist. Color alteration dominated the earlier period of his work with an adaptation of vivid brushstroke and dot model representing the nature of the presentation. The earlier stage highlighted competition and collaboration with artist across the continent. Real colors represented his later works with sculptors dominating the period until 1929. The adoption of the nude model highlighted the other side of the artist career with alteration between paint and sculpture highlighting the period between 1910 to his Nice years until 1930. Positive and negative criticism highlighted the period between 1920-1930 with amendments to his Blue Nude portrait indicating the lack of originality and a negative display of the female character.
Pro fauvism period, fauvism and cubism are the three models chosen by the artist to represent the three phases of Henri artwork. Sculpture and elements of music concluded the artist work. Matisse worked on various pieces with each piece highlighting his art and personal life. The essay will highlight Henri Matisse’s artwork, life, and the impact of the same on the audience and the art world. The artist created a connection between the artwork and the audience. His sculptor included Henri’s sculptures, included le serf, Nu Couche while Henri Matisse pieces between the year1905 and 1910 highlighted fauvism. The post fauvism was dominated with cubism with pieces such as Red Studio and The green color highlighting the post fauvism theme. The artist had a downside with the presentation of his nude paint to the public.
Bellow, Juliet. Modernism on Stage: The Ballets Russes and the Parisian Avant-garde . Surrey: Ashgate Publishing ltd, 2013. Print.
Block-Weiss, Catherine & Matisse Henri. Henri Matisse: Modernist against the grain. Pennsylvania: Penn state Press, 2009. Print
Gordon, Donald. On the Origin of the Word ‘Expressionsim’. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes. 29 (1966): 368-385
Kassiandidou, Marina. The Status of the Mechanical in the Writings and Works of Two Artists: Cézanne and Matisse – The Artist as a Dysfunctional Machine. SUJ. (2002): 60-64