Genetic modification is the effective use of modern molecular biology and technologies to introduce new and beneficial characteristics or superior traits into world beings. Gene science, according to Lindahl and Linder (2013), is a valuable instrument of a research method in which attractive qualities from a single organism’s Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) are effectively isolated and bound in the characteristics of the detached species or plant. This is essential in presenting new genetic material or assisting in the adjustment of existing ones. The genetic engineering emerges from the desirable traits of the infections, creatures, bugs, microbes, or the citizens who sufficiently empower the individuals in presenting a better scope of new attributes into the living being as compared to the conceivable routine of animal rearing.
The animals with qualities that are falsely included or eliminated from the structures of their deoxyribonucleic acid are always depicted to be the present world creatures (Damron & Damron, 2013). However, the genetic modification of the living organism involves changes in the genetic material through the inclusion, uprooting, or modifying the arrangement of the DNA from the regular occurrence. This just means altering or presenting the distinct qualities, for example, upgrading the development within the animal. Various changes that are proposed in the genetic makeup are transmitted through several eras because the DNA forms the genetic material for life forms. In addition to conveying guidelines on every single quality acquired by the living beings.
The Social and Ethical Implications
Lindahl and Linder (2013), argue that sequencing the existing genomes of several local animals is essential for efficient animal reproduction and production, welfare, animal health, and the proper comprehension of genetic premises of many maladies that occur in people and animals. There is more related range of studies which emphasizes on genome sequencing. Additionally, the sequencing genomes are characterized by open doors which allow for expansion of the significant data for positive and transformative pathways of the related species of animals. This is notwithstanding that these guarantees are associated with potential risks. Moreover, there are various ecological risks or dangers that are directly connected to the genetic engineering of the modified animals. Through joining of the genetic materials of different species, there is making up of new forms of life by the genetic engineering. This is viewed as using an extra amount of an obscure regarding the effects of the genetic building which securely and unconditionally apply to the reality within the society. This is in support by Damron and Damron (2013) who elaborate that the output of the genetic buildings is more obscure.
This genetic innovation is anticipated to bring more noteworthy risk because the creatures that emerge because of hereditary are hard to be reviewed ones they are naturally discharged. The significant effects of genetic engineering pollution are likely to involve high damages to the plants, animals, and loss of biodiversity of the world creatures. Similarly, the argument that generating hereditarily modified animals is a primary method in which the enterprise elements can use in exploring several different avenues and implement successful adventure for nourishing the supply benefits is real. Forabosco et al. (2013), argue that due to increased interest in business, there is a denial of the privilege to the population from progressive thinking about the built fixings of hereditary in natural ways of life. Based on this manner, losing of opportunity helps in keeping a way from the made fixings despite the occurrence of the vicinity of establishing and implementing laws in specific nations. Not forgetting the true impacts or interest in various information, another continuously raised variable is religion especially of the genetic modification in the existing animals and human beings. Although the genetic engineering of animals not globally publicized, the genetic animals have been in the supply market for several decades. The animals are genetically engineered to benefit, protect, and achieve scientific research and the public interest. For example, the genetically modified goats produce spider silk which is used in industries to provide materials, cows produce insulin used in medicine, and the larger sheep which grows excess wools are used in agriculture for several purposes (Damron & Damron, 2013). Despite genetic engineering being applicable in treating or efficiently counteracting different ailments, it also leads to the emergence of ethical issues of whether engaging in genetic engineering is correct and legal by the law.
Most biotechnology researchers across the globe wrangles and disagrees on whether the general genetic engineering is legally indistinguishable with the creation story. This is significantly different according to researchers from Asia and China who do not share similar misgivings (Forabosco et al., 2013). But without common religious and social settings, the genetic engineering is associated with facts and based on distinct truth. Despite the perils of a given reproducing area being clear, there is an esteem identification of the individual satisfaction which is commonly established in many communities or societies. The genetic modification of animals provides new species in the ecosystems that have seen deliver unique quality traits when interbreeding occurs with the local animals. For example, the little pet micro pigs, a web-spinning pig, the growing salmon. These animals are genetically engineered to yield better species and to withstand the harsh climatic conditions in a various ecological niche across the globe. However, the great concern is whether there would be unforeseen effects on using the animals as essential food for human body hence sufficient testing must be done.
Lindahl and Linder (2013) give an account that the genetically modified animals are characterized by higher prices as compared to the non-genetically modified ones. This is a disadvantage for those who intend to purchase them. The price value of GMA (genetically modified animals) is linked to several financial problems among the global farmers and researchers who currently participate in genetic engineering of animals for personal profits. With current increased in innovations, it is hopeful that the GMA would be less expensive and highly available in the local and international market.
The Personal Viewpoint Regarding the Technology
The genetically modified animals are likely to upgrade the sustenance generation, human health, the true security, and increase animal health (Lindahl & Linder, 2013). In addition to providing the new technological applications, the genetic engineering particularly animal rearing seemingly damages the entitlement common sense of all the animals. This includes effective control of animals for the human benefits as if the animals are human property unlike considering all the creatures with different esteems at this critical moment. Forabosco et al. (2013) argue that the implementation of an activity permitting licensing of creatures strengthens different thoughts about animals at the current moment. And instead of world animals, the individuals would recall their privileges. This is based on an off opportunity that the health of an animal has not been traded off hence this article considers the genetic engineering gainful to the human being and the animals. Moreover, Damron and Damron (2013), consider nature as amazing and an exciting complex. This article accepts that presenting the genetically engineered traits of an animal is likely associated with irreversible impacts despite outputs yet obscure.
The life of every organism is not a matter of mechanical property, and when driving the life frames, the individual sustenance supplies successfully fit in the respective financial models. However, this is in contrary to their familiar ones which are achieved based on personal risks. Due to lack of a satisfactory experimental research on the effects on human health and nature, this article admits that the genetic engineering should not be liquidated into the creatures of the world. Regarding the most possible ecological and health dangers, this study feels that the genetical modification of an animal and other world living organisms give a clear presentation of existing moral and ethical duties (Lindahl & Linder, 2013). Additionally, the article has a feeling of altering the desirable qualities before the finished arbitrary species of an animal takes an individual to the locality that best befits them according to the desire of the sole creator. On biblical concept, this study agrees that the source and author of life are God. Therefore, the biotechnology is essential for application to animals and human beings. Moreover, the article is more careful concerning how man controls the creation laws and alters the consecrated creation of God using the genetic engineering capability with adorable skills and experience.
Although past research points out the ethical and biological impacts of genetically modified animals, there is enough evidence to prove that genetic engineering is useful for improvement of animal features and ways of living. Since there are attempts to address the ethical concerns and negative effects of genetically modified animals to the animal population, there is effort to regulate them to prevent possible distinction of the normal animal species.
Damron, W. S., & Damron, W. S. (2013). Introduction to animal science: global, biological, social, and industry perspectives.
Forabosco, F., Löhmus, M., Rydhmer, L., & Sundström, L. F. (2013). Genetically modified farm animals and fish in agriculture: A review. Livestock Science, 153(1), 1-9.
Lindahl, M. G., & Linder, C. (2013). Students’ Ontological Security and Agency in Science Education—An Example from Reasoning about the Use of Gene Technology. International Journal of Science Education, 35(14), 2299-2330.