Communism, Democracy, Dictatorship, Monarchy, and Republic are the five most widely accepted democratic institutions globally. A presidential republic governs the United States. The President is in charge of the executive branch of the government in this structure. The President chosen is entirely unaffected by the legislature. Furthermore, since this constitutional structure lacks a prime minister, the President serves as the ultimate head of state and government (Bormann et al., 361). The paper examines three countries with political systems that vary from that of the United States. The three countries listed are the United Kingdom (UK), governed by a constitutional monarchy; Swaziland, controlled by an absolute monarchy; and Cuba, which is a one-party state under control of a republic political system.
The United Kingdom
The country ran by a constitutional monarchical system. The head of state is always a constitutional monarchy whereby the establishment of their office and the ability to exercise their power is recognized and controlled by the constitutional laws (Moniruzzaman 28). In the UK, the head of state is the Queen who appoints the prime minister as the dynamic leader of the executive branch of government, who steps down in the case of the vote of no confidence. The Queen is the head of the state, and she exercises her power with the consent of the people or the government. The monarch post is not elective but hereditary within the royal family.
The political system in the Swaziland is an absolute monarchy. The monarch is under full control of the government, and their powers are not under restriction from any substantive constitutional laws (Moniruzzaman 28). The authority vests in the absolute monarch. The country has a constitutional provision with Swazi laws and Custom. The leader of the monarch is the King. The post is not elective but is restricted within the royal family and hereditary.
Cuba is a republic, but the political powers are concentrated within one party as required by law. The political system is communism. The operation of the communist party in Cuba is highly intertwined with the government hierarchy (Bormann et al., 365). However, the president must be from the communist party being is elected by the people.
Finally, the political system in a country determines how those in power run the nation. To some extent, the economy of a state depends on the political stability.
Bormann, Nils-Christian, and Matt Golder. “Democratic electoral systems around the world, 1946–2011.” Electoral Studies 32.2 (2013): 360-369.
Moniruzzaman, M. “Regime Kinds or Party Structures: What Matters More for Political Instability in the Developing World.” Issues in Social Science 3.2 (2015): 28.