Between 2000 and 2009, demographic change in the United States was rapid, with national population increase averaging 8.8 percent compared to 10.5 percent in metropolitan regions (Berube, 24). Over the last decade, racial and ethnic minorities have accounted for a startling 83 percent of national population growth. As a result of these developments, Hispanics currently account for approximately 15% of the national population, while Blacks account for approximately 12%. In metropolitan regions, Hispanics and Blacks account for around 19% and 14% of the population, respectively.Accordingly, in 100 of the top metro areas, 50 percent of the population accounts for non-white or Hispanic minorities while the seniors make just about 25 percent. By 2000, U.S adults holding a 4-year degree stood at 24 percent and this rose to 28 percent with a corresponding 31 percent rise in metropolitan areas in the year 2008. Of these, 14 percent were Hispanic, 20 percent black, 36 percent White and 50 percent Asian
Anthropology is essential to the field of demography in the stance where the study of human diversity in the form of culture, biology and the understanding of urban anthropology. Furthermore, research on these demographics and the forces behind such changes will help anthropologists understand and extrapolate the consequences of the same. Lastly, these changes will have specific effects. One, the majority-minority future possibility might create a backlash towards immigration. Two, age demographics will affect fiscal decisions at all levels of government. Three, education disparities will affect the United States’ ability to compete globally. Lastly, the demographic changes in income will have a bearing on the resilience and growth of the middle class in America.
Berube, Alan, et al. “State of metropolitan America: On the front lines of demographic transformation.” (2010).