Marriage has been around for a very long time. Marriage is the union between persons of opposite sexes, but some people choose same-sex marriage. Those who wish to marry should be mature, and the wedding should adhere to social standards. Furthermore, the union should adhere to the laws of the countries or regions in which the two persons marry.
Dramatists also use marriage as a theme to convey their feelings about a certain point of marriage (Pritner, 2017 p 15). Also, marriage as a topic in literature is used to teach ordinary people particularly readers on certain matters that affect the society. The audience is advised to become critical while analyzing the literary content for them to comprehend the intended message from playwrights. Similarly, the aim of this paper is to examine marriage as a theme in Henrik Ibsen play A Doll House The key message of the play appears to be that a good marriage is between equals (Pritner, 2017 p 21).The drama focuses on the termination of a union which fails to meet these standards. In the beginning, the Helmer s look happy, however as the play progresses, the inequality between the two become more evident. In the end, the marriage ends as a result of a total misunderstanding. Together in unison, Nora and Torvald are unable to realize their selves.
Primarily, the play focuses on two main characters that are ideal for presenting the marriage theme in the society. The duo is made up of Torvald Helmer and his wife, Norah Helmer. Similarly, the marriage between Krogstad and Mrs. Linde can be analyzed (Ibsen, 2017 p 5).Norah and Torvald marriages portray an unequal relationship within a union. Torvald proclaims his control and rules over Nora during their interactions. In fact, how the two relate to each other shows the existence of inequality in the marriage (Sidall, 2017 p 9).
In the family, the woman is expected to be a subordinate of her husband. Based on this perception, women in the literary content are designed to show their husbands plenty of respect who on the other hand exercises excessive powers over their partners. In fact, men hardly view their wives as being equal to them. For example, Torvald addresses his wife in a way that depicts a helpless and small pet that strives to please the husband. Torvald refers to her as little jelly.A conversation between the characters indicates that husbands own their wives. Hence Torvald calls Norah my little lark. (Ibsen, 2017 p 9) According to Torvald, this name calling is aimed to praise his wife. However, it rather reduces her to a tiny being that is without authority or power.
In the play, marriage is also marked by maltreatment of the wives. Norah is maltreated by the characters and undertakings presented by Torvald (Pritner, 2017 p 35). The abuse nature of Torvald can be seen in the way he treats her for instance by holding Nora ears. Also, he regularly addresses her using harsh terms. The maltreatment experienced by women in the play can is also observed during processes of decision making (Sidall, 2017 p 11). For example, women are not accorded the chance to acquire loans on their own. This situation, therefore, causes women to do things secretly. Nonetheless, the maltreatment and pressure they feel becomes too much and drives some of them to give up thereby alienating themselves from their families. Norah decided to separate herself from her husband when her plans fail (Pritner, 2017 p 37).
Norah and Torvald marriage is that of deceptiveness (Sidall, 2017 p 19). The two do not entirely know their spouse characters. For instance, Nora participates in some undertakings without Torvald knowing. It can be seen in the way she acquires a loan that she uses to take the take the family on an Italy trip. She pretends that her father is her guarantor by forging his signature behind Torvald back (Ibsen, 2017 p 11). This deceptive type of marriage is found in the Dolls House. The deception in the institution comes from the perceived gap that is there between men and women in reality. For example, wives dread their partners, therefore, do not wish to open up and express their opinions or demands. Consequently, they are compelled to act hoping that their spouses will remain in the dark regarding their actions. The type of marriage portrayed in the play is a perfect example of the kind of unions that are present in some marriages of today (Sidall, 2017 p 20). Partners act behind each other back while hoping to avoid challenges that could result from revealing the truth.
The play also presents incidences of subservience between man and wife. It is expected that women remain in the house while their husbands work to provide for the family. This character is seen in the family of Helmer in which Torvald works to provide shopping money for Norah (Ibsen, 2017 p 23). Due to the subservience in the kind of lives of wives in the play, they receive excessive authority exerted on them by their husbands. For example, husbands begin addressing their wives using insulting phrases. This behaviour is observed when Torvald provides Norah with money for shopping after which he makes fun of her. Nevertheless, there are other marriages in the play in which wives are respected, and their roles are weak acknowledged in the union. This type of marriage can be seen between Mrs. Linde and Krogstad. Their marriage reflects a socially acceptable union. The two decide to get married, and the two raise Kroonstad children. Krogstad treats Mrs. Linde with dignity while respecting and valuing her. Like Nora, their objective is to offer education to their young ones to avoid treating others like toys but rather respect others positions, particularly women (Sidall, 2017 p 25).
Marriage portrayed in Ibsen play of Doll House is a perfect example of the type of the Norwegian society social life that was present during the 19th century (Sidall, 2017 p 33). The foundation of the community was on the lifestyle of patriarchy where men controlled everything concerning the institution of marriage. The economic and political authorities within the community were the responsibility of the husband. The women position was precarious. Consequently, the society required transformations to acknowledge the women social status. This recognition needed the reorganizing of the social regulations that were present within the Norwegian community. Nonetheless, the society chose to remain the same. Therefore women such as Nora had to abandon their past lives and venture into the modern world that was new to them.
In conclusion, the playwright applied the marriage theme in the play to depict the countless challenges that unions face in the society. Most marriages in society lack proper foundations hence resulting in their failure. In the family, both the wife and husband should respect and love each other and play equal roles. The society usually views women with scorn causing them to end up being victimized by their marriage partners due to the notion that men are more powerful and have better personalities. Some issues illustrated within marriages in the play include deception, subservience and oppression among spouses and the role of women in marriages. These problems are regularly experienced in the current society resulting into the breakage of many marriages. Hence the paper has satisfactorily represented today institution of marriage which is marked by unjust treatment of women, causing them to abandon their partners and children
Ibsen, Henrik. Nora; Or, A Doll’s House. 2017
In Ibsen book of A Doll House, the play ends with the front door being slammed indicating the disintegration of the Helmer marriage. The book describes how Nora and Torvald have deceived each other and themselves both subconsciously and unconsciously in their infantilized and stultifying marriage. The revised edition for students is a classic text and a masterpiece of dramatic work that was the first to depict the catastrophic dishonesty of the middle-class Victorian marriage in play. The drama introduced the new social period and burst like an exploded bomb into modern life. This student book has unique features including the chronology of the dramatist work and life, the play background, Analyses on style, language, characters and themes. It also contains texts on individual phrases and words in the text.
Pritner, Carl, and Scott Walters. Introduction To Plays Analysis. Waveland Press, 2017,.
This book is an essential complement to any class in theater in which texts are interpreted after being read. Pritner and Walters provide five logical sequences of learning stages developed to result into an extensive comprehension on the writings. Stage one visualizes the drama as acted before an audience. Stage two analyses the broad form of conflict. Phase three analyses provided contexts and the kind of association created by the play between the production and the audience. Stage four observes carefully at the behavior of characters and the responses to their current situations, studies conflicts in every scene and promotes additional studies regarding the play. Lastly, stage five combines information obtained from previous levels. Every chapter presents an idea which is further analyzed by researching its usage in the drama, selected for both its complexity and accessibility. With a teacher wisdom, producer understands and mastery of playwright, Printer provide a creative and new guide to analyzing plays.
Sidall, S.H. Henrik Ibsen:A Doll House,Literary Critisism. Humanities-Ebooks, 2008,.
Stephen Sidall research on one of Ibsen very creative plays positions it strongly on the setting of Norway society and the European theater of the 19the century known and novelty show. The Book analyzed reactions to Ibsen and the association of the drama to matters of theatrical censorship. An analysis of Nora character yields into discussing her role in marriage and feminism as well as her union with her husband, Torvald. The presentation of the significant written music is sensitively analyzed. Asserting that no right or wrong answers exist, Sidall emphasizes the significance of student creating an appreciation of their own. There are two ways to the process; master the relevant terms that are applied to explain various sections and afterward use them to a specific way. Siddall explains the concepts of language, character, and plot, promoting the Four Causes concept of Aristotle as a technique of approaching drama through several critical ways. He distinguishes a play from a story, summarizes four methods of analyzing drama and describes the general format of the perfect show..