Recidivism is one of the basic concept of criminal justice that refers to the indulgence of an individual in past misconduct. The indulgency may result, with or without a new sentence determined, in retrial, rearrests or may be equivalent to a return to prison within a period of two years after the prisoner is released. Young people who have a negative attitude to the current justice system are more vulnerable to crime (Augustyn, 2015). It is therefore necessary to ignore one’s attitude beforehand at a time when the effects of change on him are straightforward. In the recent past proving whether one is guaranteed of the difference immediately he or she goes through the first arrest has been difficult. In the article (Is the effect of justice system attitudes on recidivism stable after youths’ first arrest? Race and legal socialization among first-time youth offenders),a comparison between two youth groups one being the black youth and the white youth shows that the white youth show a positive change in that they adopt a stable attitude and behavior.
On the other hand, the black youth became more negative after their release from prison and places of conviction. Individuals tend to be so obedient to laws set forth by the system of a legitimate judicial system and hence promoting a positive behavior in them (Sunshine & Tyler, 2003). On the other hand, when the legal system is not one to be termed as one which upholds dignity, individual tend to hold a negative attitude towards the system which has a resultant effect of the freed individuals to continue with offenses (Reisig et al., 2011). It is essential to make a consideration of the existing differences in the juvenile system of justice whereby the blacks are overrepresented in the judicial system compared to their counterpart white youth. Recent studies and research show how the attitude development on the justice system is completely separated from race and none of the researchers has based his arguments on the differences in the racial inclinations.
A report generated by the Georgian based Department of Juvenile Justice of 2011 reveals that in comparison to the previous years the population of juvenile conviction has reduced, but the level of recidivism remained high and increased yearly. The report revealed that states which kept track on the recidivism utilizing the same measures such as that of Georgia had an average count which matched Georgia’s one year count. This shows how Georgia needed a change to mend this current problem. The article (Is the effect of justice system attitudes on recidivism stable after youths’ first arrest? Race and legal socialization among first-time youth offenders), match the topic as it brings out the analytical aspect of the youth who are mostly in their adolescent stage and how they are either positively or negatively hooked to the judicial system.
A short critique of the article
The article is coiled around examining whether the youths first arrest has an impact on their attitude to the judicial system. With the backing of the situation in Georgia State, the article seeks to answer this question as well as the general overlook at the interaction of the black and the white youth being first time offenders. The article has its entire research based on the youth of the Georgian society as being the focal point of the discussion around the entire behavior of the first time offenders (Fine et al., 2017). The youth examined in the article given recidivism have been seen as inherently very different, and the differences have been seen to contribute to the increased recidivism rates. The author group of interest which is the youth helped him bring out his question of interest as well as developing the qualitative study of recidivism. A first-time reader of the article can get the direct approach of viewing the general behavior of the youth who undergo their second conviction over their initial reasons for conviction. Although considerable evidence has it that the attitude of the youth is traced back from their behavior of rule breaking, no testing in the recent dates has proven this to be right.
The title program analysis of adolescent males directly relates to the core issues raised in the article which is the juvenile recidivism (Brick et al., 2009). However, the title would otherwise be more direct and use words which would be more direct to have their relation to the article easily brought out. The researcher would again be directly understood if the research problem was intertwined with the idea of the racial differences which the researcher and many other studies chose to leave out.
Boosting the research problem and purpose
The researcher is presented to with a vast platform of other issues which may be leeway to recidivism. The issues may, therefore, help the researcher to capture the subject matter and make various allusions which will eventually beef up the topic entirely. An inclusion of the demographic stratification of the recidivism issue will be of significance as the researcher will have narrowed down to a specific age group such as a group of African youth and American youth who are between the ages of thirteen to sixteen years (Cavanagh & Cauffman, 2015). The researcher may also choose to bring in the aspect of the change in the mental health of youth who have undergone first-time arrests. This on the wider view would help the researcher trace the attitude change to other health-related issues and not on the judicial system. The idea of the masculine behavior amongst the youth may also have attributed to the so-called negative attitude exhibited by the youth who have just left the conviction areas.
This part of the research seeks to have a critical overview of the progress in developing the research question, the problems encountered in fulfilling the resultant aim of answering the research question and finally the plans to solve the challenges which may be most urgent. The progress of the researcher may be seen to be a smooth one as well as a complicated one. The researcher’s inclusion of the additional information such as health, demography and masculine behaviors are part of the changes which have helped strengthen it. The main problem of the time is how most of the sources on the topic of previous works have information coiled around a general group of individuals and not specific as the researcher may want to bring out. Therefore the researcher chooses to incorporate issues which would be bringing out the objective question of the research.
Augustyn, M. B. (2015a). The relevance of procedural justice in the Pathways to crime. Law and Human Behavior, 39, 388–401.
Brick, B., Taylor, T., & Esbensen, F. (2009). Juvenile attitudes towards the Police: The importance of subcultural involvement and community ties. Journal of Criminal Justice, 37, 488–495.
Cavanagh, C., & Cauffman, E. (2015a). Viewing law and order: Mothers’and sons’ justice system legitimacy attitudes and juvenile recidivism. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 21, 432–441.
Fine, A., Cavanagh, C., Donley, S., Frick, P. J., Steinberg, L., & Cauffman, E. (2017). Is the effect of justice system attitudes on recidivism stable after youths’ first arrest? Race and legal socialization among first-time youth offenders. Law and human behavior, 41(2), 146.
Reisig, M. D., Wolfe, S. E., & Holtfreter, K. (2011). Legal cynicism, legitimacy, and criminal offending: The no confounding effect of low self-control. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 38(12), 1265-1279.
Sunshine, J., & Tyler, T. R. (2003). The role of procedural justice and legitimacy in shaping public support for policing. Law & society review, 37(3), 513-548.