For a long time, the United States administration has been burdened with the burden of illegal immigrants. Illegal immigration is not a recent problem in America, since thousands of undocumented European and Latino refugees have long reached the country via the Pacific Ocean, Mexico borders, and a variety of other routes (Hanson 27).
Any of the immigrants entered the country unlawfully using a visitation visa but remained while working in various locations. One of the truth about illegal immigration is that it is a two-edged sword.
In the one hand, illegal immigration helps the domestic economy because immigrants are traditionally underpaid while being more active. On the other side, most of those who migrate to the United States have always dodged taxes, and so does their employers. Therefore, illegal migration has many pros and cons. In this argumentative essay, we shall look at the facts that pertain undocumented migration to the United States and establish a trade-off between retaining illegal immigrants and deporting them back to their countries.
On daily basis, thousands of undocumented people cross the 2500 miles of the border between the United States and Mexico in search of better opportunities and realizing their dreams for staying in the United States as well as reuniting their scattered families. Others come looking for more jobs to survive (Holzer 5). The number of illegal people who enter the United States from its border with Mexico increases by 2750000 per year according to the department of immigration and the naturalization service (INS). In fact, the country is currently hosting about 12 million illegal population from various countries most of who have the Hispanic or Mexican origin (Holzer 5). Most of these uninvited and illegal guests assist themselves to get a quality education, jobs, unemployment compensation, and welfare in the country. Most of those whose workers are underpaid also pay little or no taxes at all and easily preyed by unscrupulous politicians and employers.
The population of the United States is primary growing because of high birth rates in the immigrant and minority communities. This growing population increases stratification of labour where, for instance, such population has no alternative way into the American white-collar employment, so takes up tough jobs in manufacturing, services, and agricultural sector (Cortes 383). When low paying works require less or no language capability, immigrants have always rushed to such jobs for survival.
The current government of the United States has the opinion that illegal immigration is becoming a burden to the country, and it should be immediately stopped. One of the laws that pertain the regulations and policies regarding the discussed topic in the US is the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA). There are various reasons that lead to the enactment of IRCA law in 1986 including the fact that the United States population was lacking employments places because of many illegal workers staying in the country (Howell 46). First, IRCA requires employers to employ only legalized people to work in the US. Secondly, it requires companies non-to discriminate individuals on the bias of national origin or citizenship status. For an employee to work in the US, he/she must fill the 1-9 form and prove his/her authorization to get a job from the United States employers. In response to the IRCA requirements, firms may not reject any qualified professional with work approval. However, I am a pro to legal migration reforms because illegal employment drains the economy.
A Trade-off between Retaining and Prohibiting Illegal Immigrants
The United States is currently hosting over 10 million undocumented immigrants, most of them are concentrated in Texas, and California, although their impact is felt all ever the country (Holzer 5). American employers thinking that they will be paying less than minimum wage, hire such illegal immigrants. Workers are employed to work in non-white collar sectors, such as construction industries, manufacturing, and agricultural sectors (Cortes 384). Most of them are not provided any health care services or employment benefits. Hence, such jobs are granted illegally since the United States employers can save up on taxes and costs of production by pairing fewer minimum wages to the workers (Cortes 387). Due to this reason, people advocate for immigration reforms such that employees can comply with the taxation laws and stop cheating the government.
Another benefit derived from the immigration law is minimizing the social constraints because of unauthorized immigration into the country. In case undocumented immigrants enter the United States, they do so without any authorization or papers, hence there is no record showing their origin and their backgrounds as well. Some of them might also be infected with some chronic and communicable diseases, such as tuberculosis, yellow fever, hepatitis B, Ebola, and polio among others (Cortes 382). Some of such infections can spread to Americans and create a lot of burden to both the government and citizens. In addition, the United States government start to incur more costs because of the increased population growth such as paying for education and health care coverage for illegal immigrants.
Currently, republicans have reached a consensus on legislations that can assist to combat illegal immigration and the trump administration is currently implementing some of the legislations pertaining undocumented immigrants. However, it would also be important to consider the impact of effecting stringent laws on immigration. For instance, if the United States labour market is not filled by Mexicans, someone else would have crossed to the country through the Mexican border and fill such positions. If the country were to recruit more service and agricultural workers through the regulated process, as a result, the country would be having more Europeans, Africans, and south Asians but fewer Mexicans. Thus, it is an issue of religion, language, and culture. The Mexican culture is incompatible with the Anglo-protestant culture on which the United States has prospered (Hayes 37).
Secondly, if Mexicans were migrating to the U.S legally, there would be a need to track all of them, process their identity, and so many agencies to look after and monitor them. By making immigration from Mexico an issue, we discourage all immigrants from the United States including those whom we desperately need (Hanson 67). The same issue arises when we plan to deport immigrants who have science and math skills. Most people claim that migrants’ children currently overburden the American education system, yet such skills have not been delivered by the same education system hence compelling the country to import technological experts from china, Asia, India and anywhere else.
Most people have argued that immigrants are skilled labourers and help the country to increase its local production (Peri n.p.). Others have argued that when companies pay such immigrants less than the standard wage, they reduce on production costs, which in turn assist citizens of the United States to make many profits (Steven and Ronconi 413). In addition, immigrants support their native families by sending their salaries outside the United States, the value of the dollar is strengthened and becomes more valuable, which makes the United States economy stronger (Howell 26). Looking into these befits, we find that they are minor compared to the costs imposed on the United States government. In this argument, I insist that immigration reforms must be implemented for purposes of promoting the welfare of the United States citizens.
It is evident that illegal immigrants have posed many problems to the United States government and I still insist that immigrants should not be tolerated to enter the country. However, since it is difficult to implement complete security, it is necessary to take a number of steps to reduce the inflow of illegal immigrants into the country. Implementation of the immigration reforms would help us eradicate this problem. Much of what immigrants earn is sent back to their native countries and the United States is deprived of taxes. Therefore, when they stay in the US, they are against the law because their presence within the United States is illegal.
According to the perceptions of many people, eliminating illegal immigration is difficult and can never be realised. However, I do not agree with them. If the government takes proper measures, illegal immigration can be abolished. Some of the measures require political will or money while others may be able to be completed by the president without instituting any legislation. When such measures are adopted selectively, there is a likelihood failing to achieve the major goal but when they are adopted as a comprehensive approach, there is a likelihood of success.
Because of the nature of illegal immigration flow, prohibition can be effective. More than 95% of illegal immigrants cross the Mexico border. Currently, the busiest entry point is about 6000 miles from the land border, which are 13-miles near San Diego (Peri n.p.). More than 40% of the patrol at the border occurs at in about 13 miles trip off the land. In addition, over 90% of total apprehensions of the border patrol occur in only 100 miles of border segments. The large amount of illegal traffic implies that there is a need to focus on the interdiction efforts for greater effectiveness.
It is imperative to install fences, anti-automobile barriers, and lights on high traffic entry point to track all the illegal immigrants entering the country. Alternatively, the government can continually prosecute illegal immigrants. Currently, the US government is not acting against illegal immigrants because of offenses of immigration; it is reviving its prosecutorial and investigation efforts to have a corporate nation (Peri n.p).
Immigration is in the minds of many people. Personally, I believe that immigration is bad if it is not accepted by the country. If an immigrant passes the citizen test, he deserves to stay in America. If he came to the United States illegally, he should be deported out. Those who entered the country illegally do not deserve healthcare coverage, jobs, or any other benefit from the government. In this essay, I support legal migration and believe that all the reforms that have been enacted to combat it are worthy to address its challenges.
Cortes, Patricia. “The Effect of Low-Skilled Immigration on US Prices: Evidence from CPI Data.” A Journal of Political Economy, vol. 116, issue 3, 2008, pp. 381-422.
Peri, Giovanni. “The Effect of Immigrants on U.S. Employment and Productivity.” Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2010/august/effect-immigrants-us-employment-productivity/. Accessed 19 May 2017.
Hayes, Ted, “Illegal Immigration Threatens U.S. Sovereignty, Economy, and Culture.” Questia, https://www.questia.com/magazine/1G1-66031188/illegal-immigration-threatens-u-s-sovereignty-economy. 19 May 2017.
Howell, Llewellyn. “Ironies of Illegal Immigration,” USA Today Magazine, vol. 135, no. 2734, p. 19.
Holzer, Harry J. Immigration Policy and Less-Skilled Workers in the United States; Reflections on Future Directions for Reform. Migration Policy Institute, 2011.
Hanson, Gordon. “Illegal Migration from Mexico to the United States.” Journal of Economic Literature, vol. 44, no. 4, 2006, pp. 869-924.
Steven, Raphael, and Lucas Ronconi. “The Effects of Labor Market Competition with Immigrants on the Wages and Employment of Natives: What Does Existing Research Tell Us?” DuBois Review, vol. 4, no. 2, 2007, pp. 413-432.