The Philippine Government

The Philippines' political elite is highly adaptable and resilient. Though a president is only allowed to serve for a maximum of six years, his influence is still substantial. He wields influence in policymaking, elections, and regulatory bodies. He also has influence in jurisprudence and the distribution of government resources.Power is divided among three branches of government
The Philippine government is divided into three main branches: the executive, the judicial, and the legislative. The executive branch is composed of the President and Vice President and is responsible for enacting laws. It also has the power to declare war. The executive branch has a chief justice and a cabinet. The President is the head of state and leader of the national government. He serves for six years and is not eligible for reelection. The legislative branch includes the House of Representatives and Senate.The first branch is the Parliament. The Congress of Deputies has 350 members. All bills must pass the Congress's committees before they are submitted to the Senate. If the president vetoes a bill, the Senate has the power to amend the text. Only after a new examination can the Senate make a final decision. The Congress is responsible for the investiture of the President of the Government. A motion of censure by the Congress of Deputies or the Senate can lead to the President's resignation.The Senate is the highest legislative branch. Its members are elected to six-year terms. They can be re-elected, but cannot serve for a third consecutive term. If there is a vacancy in a legislative seat, a special election may be called. If the seat in the Senate becomes vacant, the House of Representatives will vote to fill it with a new member. If the position is vacant before the regular legislative election, a special election will be held. In this case, the new member of the Senate will serve out the unfinished term of the district representative who left. This election is only held for senatorial seats that are vacant ahead of the regular legislative election. The current president of the Senate is Bongbong Marcos, while Sara Duterte is the vice president.Influence of oligarchic clans on politics
Philippine politics are dominated by oligarchic clans, who hold considerable economic and political power. These clans have prevented the country from making the necessary reforms toward democracy and a market economy. Even the president, Duterte, has failed to challenge these power structures and has even used these to his advantage. However, this situation must change if Philippine politics are to undergo significant transformation.The rise of oligarchic clans in Philippine politics is not a recent phenomenon. The country was dominated by a few clans in the past, and these clans were able to consolidate their power base by creating new power networks. After the Japanese occupation, local strongmen reorganized themselves and created powerful client networks. In addition, they seized control of the military, which was once apolitical. Local warlords swept into power, and by 2000, one such warlord was able to seize control of the national state.Although Philippine society is very poor, the oligarchic clans have significant social capital. They dominate local and national politics. As a result, elections are dominated by individuals and families with political interests. In addition, the country's political system is susceptible to electoral fraud and corruption. In addition to the political influence of oligarchic clans, the Philippine military, Catholic Church, and the United States are heavily involved in Philippine politics.Growing authoritarianism under Rodrigo Duterte
Duterte's era has marked a profound decline in human rights and civil liberties. His brutal campaign against drugs and illegal immigrants, often carried out by vigilante groups, has increased police power and political influence. His anti-drug measures have also reduced freedom of speech and led to the deaths of opposition activists.In spite of the Philippines' formal democracy and separation of powers, the Philippines has become increasingly authoritarian. President Rodrigo Duterte presents his rule as based on the principle of law and order, and has undermined checks and balances. His actions against the Senate and the Supreme Court have also increased his power.Although Duterte's administration has attempted to address these problems, it has not succeeded in doing so. It has also failed to implement many of the reforms required for a democracy and a market economy. This is largely due to the oligarchic nature of the government, and the inability of the Duterte administration to challenge the dominance of family clans.Need for infrastructure improvements
The Philippines faces a number of challenges when it comes to infrastructure development. For example, the Philippines lacks the adequate financial resources to undertake large infrastructure projects. In addition, there are several challenges associated with public expenditure management. Moreover, the country's poor coordination among agencies limits the effectiveness of infrastructure projects. For these reasons, the Philippines must increase public participation and improve efficiency of government spending on infrastructure projects. The government can also encourage private sector participation by developing domestic capital markets.Investments in infrastructure will boost the country's economic growth and improve the lives of ordinary citizens. For instance, better roads and internet services will allow farmers to sell their products and raise the living standards of rural people. Improved infrastructure will also reduce costs of doing business and improve productivity. In addition, these investments will help the country compete in the global market.Improved infrastructure is crucial for the Philippines to achieve inclusive growth. It will help promote business, trade, and job creation, as well as alleviate poverty. There are several reforms that will be needed in order to achieve these goals. Infrastructure development in the Philippines marks an exciting phase of the country's development. This investment is a critical step towards bringing more Filipinos out of poverty.

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