Offshore drilling has resulted in plenty concerns from various groups which includes the government due to the adverse social, political, environmental, and economic effect, however the benefits of the process outweigh the concerns.
Offshore Oil drilling can reduce the power crisis that the United States is facing. Most of the energy that the United States uses at the second is imported. The country’s resources can not satisfy the nation’s needs. The vary of the oil estimated in the offshore well could be something shut to 62 million barrels. This amount could be fundamental in averting the oil crisis in the country. The United States uses 7 billion barrels of oil a year, indicating that if the offshore oil were is exploited in could serve the country oil demand for the next decade. Furthermore, this will go a long way in reducing the cost of the oil product which is currently high (Fracking Is Harmful to the Environment). Importantly, offshore drilling has been approved because of the advantages it seems to be impacting in the world economy by reducing the world oil prices. Moreover, some of the environmental concerns of offshore oil drilling are that it pollutes the environment in case of oil spillage. Consequently, however, the oil spillage are minimal and the effect can be controlled by the use of adequate measures.
Similarly, offshore drilling will result in increased oil production. Because of restrictions in the United States, most of the coastline has not explored with even the latest technologies. This means that there are some areas of the coastline that might be having a lot of oil waiting to be drilled. The potential to tap the offshore drilling is evident with deep water oil field accounting for 25% of the world oil (Bailey). On the other hand, environmentalist argue that offshore drilling will make beautiful places such as Florida look ugly. However, this is not true as most of the rigs are far deep in the see and they are not visible on the beautiful shore. Similarly, most of the United States supports the offshore drilling indicating that the public is in support of the projects. Likewise, the development of technology supports the offshore drilling showing the project is profitable and can result in increased oil production (Freeman). The project for offshore drilling good for the economy but there should be a mechanism to ensure that the process does not lead to the environmental pollution.
Response 1: Posting by Elizabeth
I can see the argument that Elizabeth is trying to put forward, but I do not agree with it. Firstly, the United States is the third largest producing but on the other hand is the second biggest importer of oil after China (Freeman). This mean that it should look for other ways to increase its oil production and offshore drilling is the beat available option. In the paper, Elizabeth tries as much as possible to explore all avenue of putting forward his Ideas by highlighting both the positive and adverse effects of oil fracking or offshore drilling. But from the paper, I can identify that he is of the opinion the offshore drilling should not take place. From this point, I do not agree with her. This is because the United States is the second largest importer of oil and engaging in offshore drilling will result in the reduction of oil prices.
Response 2: Posting by Patrick
I do not agree with the posting by Patrick that the environmental drawback outweighs the benefits of offshore oil drilling. Patrick seems to be missing the point that the United States is the largest second importer of oil and the biggest consumer of oil products in the world. Primarily, the United States spends nearly double what China consumes. For instance, United States oil consumption in 2015 stood at 19,396,000 barrels per day while China’s consumption stood at 11,968,000 barrels per day. This indicates that the United States need to consider another mechanism of producing oil to cater for its massive oil consumption and offshore drilling is the only available option. Furthermore, through offshore drilling, the country can sell the surplus and generate more revenue resulting to economic growth. There are some environmental concerns about offshore drilling, but they can be mitigated by some technologies that have proved to be effective (Fracking Is Harmful to the Environment). The offshore drilling has more benefits to the United States compared to the environmental concerns.
Bailey, Ronald. “Offshore Drilling Remains a Risk Worth Taking.” Oil Spills, edited by Tamara Thompson, Greenhaven Press, 2014. Current Controversies. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010893209/OVIC?u=viva2_nvcc&xid=6a4b067c. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017. Originally published as “Weighing the Benefits & Costs of Offshore Drilling,” Reason Foundation, 4 May 2010.
Freeman, Bill. “Fracking Is Not Harmful to the Environment.” The Environment, edited by Lynn M. Zott, Greenhaven Press, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010132406/OVIC?u=viva2_nvcc&xid=795df9b0. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017. Originally published as “Does Fracking Harm the Environment?”, 12 Feb. 2013.
“Fracking Is Harmful to the Environment.” The Environment, edited by Lynn M. Zott, Greenhaven Press, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010132405/OVIC?u=viva2_nvcc&xid=dab72264. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017. Originally published as “Fracking, Climate Change, and the Water Crisis,” Issue Brief, Sept. 2012.